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Protea Bioscience’s LAESI DP-1000 System: Tech Combo Samples Live Cells

October 7, 2015 | by Lindsay Hock, Editor | Articles | Comments

Every Wednesday, R&D Magazine will feature a R&D 100 Flashback, chosen from our R&D 100 Awards archive of winners. This week’s flashback is Protea Bioscience Inc’s LAESI DP-1000 System, which won the R&D 100 Award in 2012. Mass spec technologies that effectively analyze biological samples in water exist, but often the analysis must be performed under vacuum or requires sample preparation or the addition of a matrix.

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Global Coral Bleaching Prompts Concern from NOAA

October 8, 2015 3:30 pm | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Articles | Comments

The stomping grounds of many fish species, coral reefs provide protection and shelter. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), they’re essential in the lifecycle of over 4,000 fish species and support more than 800 hard coral species. Add invertebrates and macrofauna, such as sharks and sea turtles, to the mix and it’s a staggering amount oceanic dwellers that rely on these ecosystems.


A quantum simulator of impossible physics

October 8, 2015 1:00 pm | by Univ. of the Basque Country | News | Comments

A research group has created a quantum simulator that is capable of creating unphysical phenomena in the atomic world. The researchers have succeeded in getting a trapped atom to imitate behaviors that contradict its own fundamental laws, thus taking elements of science fiction to the microscopic world.


Cosmic Ripples Provide New Mystery for Astronomers

October 8, 2015 12:30 pm | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Articles | Comments

Cosmic ripples emanating from the nearby dusty disk of star AU Microscopii (AU Mic) are leaving astronomers baffled. “Our observations have shown something unexpected,” said Anthony Boccaletti, of the Paris Observatory.


Experiment finds key to natural detoxifier’s reactivity

October 8, 2015 12:00 pm | by SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory | News | Comments

Researchers working at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have discovered that a mere 9-trillionths-of-a-meter reduction in the length of a chemical bond dramatically boosts the reactivity of a family of molecules that helps keep humans and many other organisms healthy.


New “design rule” brings nature-inspired nanostructures one step closer

October 8, 2015 11:00 am | by Dan Krotz, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory | Videos | Comments

Scientists aspire to build nanostructures that mimic the complexity and function of nature’s proteins, but are made of durable and synthetic materials. These microscopic widgets could be customized into incredibly sensitive chemical detectors or long-lasting catalysts, to name a few possible applications.


Agave: The Elixir for Parties and Biofuel?

October 8, 2015 10:03 am | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Articles | Comments

Famous for its role in tequila and mezcal production, the agave plant was worshipped by Mexico’s natives long before the Spaniards arrived in the 15th century. The Aztec goddess Mayheul was closely associated with agave, a symbol for life, health, dance and fertility. According to the International Organic Agave Alliance, archeological findings date the plants usage back some 10,000 years.


Better fluorescent lighting through physics

October 8, 2015 10:00 am | by Anne M. Stark, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory | News | Comments

General Electric , Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and Oak Ridge National Laboratory have created new kinds of fluorescent lighting phosphors that use far less rare-earth elements than current technology. Rare-earth elements are hard to come by. The U.S. has access to a limited amount of rare-earth elements and relies on imports.


Water from the sun

October 8, 2015 9:30 am | by Jennifer Chu, MIT News Office | Videos | Comments

Deep in the jungles of the Yucatan peninsula, residents of the remote Mexican village of La Mancalona are producing clean drinking water using the power of the sun. For nearly two years now, members of the community, most of whom are subsistence farmers, have operated and maintained a solar-powered water purification system engineered by researchers at Massachusetts Institute of Technology.


Purdue professor solves 140-year fluid mechanics enigma

October 8, 2015 8:02 am | by Emil Venere, Purdue Univ. | News | Comments

A Purdue Univ. researcher has solved a 140-year-old enigma in fluid mechanics: Why does a simple formula describe the seemingly complex physics for the behavior of elliptical particles moving through fluid? The findings have potential implications for research and industry because ellipsoid nanoparticles are encountered in various applications including those involving pharmaceuticals, foods and cosmetics.


Patched atoms

October 8, 2015 7:56 am | by Diane Kukich, Univ. of Delaware | News | Comments

In the world of catalytic science and technology, the hunt is always on for catalysts that are inexpensive, highly active and environmentally friendly. Recent efforts have focused on combining two metals, often in a structure where a core of one metal is surrounded by an atom-thick layer of a second one.


Cheap catalyst may lower fuel costs for hydrogen-powered cars

October 8, 2015 7:50 am | by Neal Singer, Sandia National Laboratories | News | Comments

Sandia National Laboratories researchers seeking to make hydrogen a less expensive fuel for cars have upgraded a catalyst nearly as cheap as dirt, molybdenum disulfide, “molly” for short, to stand in for platinum, a rare element with the moonlike price of $1,500 a gram.


New approach to creating computer memory

October 8, 2015 7:41 am | by Chad Boutin, NIST | News | Comments

What can skyrmions do for you? These ghostly quantum rings, heretofore glimpsed only under extreme laboratory conditions, just might be the basis for a new type of computer memory that never loses its grip on the data it stores.


A Push to Carbon-Free Transportation

October 8, 2015 7:33 am | by Lindsay Hock, Editor | Articles | Comments

Carbon dioxide, the gas most connected to recent global warming, represented about 82% of U.S. greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) in 2013. Transportation accounted for 27% of those emissions, with more than 90% of U.S. transportation petroleum-based, according to the latest EPA report.


Scientists: Major coral bleaching crisis spreads worldwide

October 8, 2015 2:00 am | by Seth Borenstein, AP Science Writer, Associated Press | News | Comments

The bleaching of colorful coral is spreading into a worldwide, devastating crisis, scientists say, and they predict it will likely get worse. Triggered by global warming and the El Nino, record hot ocean water is causing fragile coral to go white and often die, threatening picturesque reefs that are hotspots of marine life, experts say.


Machine Learning Predicts Violent Crimes

October 7, 2015 8:00 pm | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Articles | Comments

In 2014, the San Francisco Chronicle recounted the 2012 death of Kristy Huddleston, who died after suffering a gunshot wound to the head from her husband, Bourne Huddleston, a veteran of Iraq and Afghanistan. The piece reported combat veterans are responsible for 21% of domestic violence nationwide. Additionally, veterans account for 20% of U.S. suicides.



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