In new findings, Georgia Institute of Technology researchers have introduced what appears to be a universal technique to reduce the work function of a conductor. The technique works where they spread a very thin layer of a polymer on the conductor's surface to create a strong surface dipole, which turns air-stable conductors into efficient, low-work function electrodes.
A miniature atom-based magnetic sensor developed by NIST has passed an important research milestone by successfully measuring human brain activity. Experiments reported this week verify the sensor's potential for biomedical applications such as studying mental processes and advancing the understanding of neurological diseases.
In recent years, data collection has not been a problem for research laboratories. However, inexpensive computing resources, mobile instrumentation, and automated test procedures have quickly multiplied the rate at which research and development organizations collect data.
Mature additive manufacturing technologies present new opportunities for R&D prototypes, high-end manufacturing facilities, and hobbyists alike.
Lockheed Martin extends 3D printing to manufacturing and custom vehicles.
The first 3D-printed car body may set the pace for a new mode of manufacturing.
3D laser scanning technology captures comprehensive dimensional data for R&D, simulations, product testing, and quality control.
Analyzing and modifying design parameters early and often can help companies engineer better products.
Compressed gas cylinders are everywhere, but their use entails a high level of responsibility.
With a new series of materials testers, instrumented indentation breaks free from the confines of visual measurement.
Globalization, the personal computer, and changing priorities set the stage for R&D 100 Award Winners.
Comic book hero superpowers may be one step closer to reality after the latest technological feats made by researchers at University of Texas at Dallas. They have designed an imager chip that could turn mobile phones into devices that can see through walls, wood, plastics, paper, and other objects.
The boundary between electronics and biology is blurring with the first detection by researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory of ferroelectric properties in an amino acid called glycine. A multi-institutional research team used a combination of experiments and modeling to identify and explain the presence of ferroelectricity in the simplest known amino acid—glycine.
Multi-hop wireless networks can provide data access for large and unconventional spaces, but they have long faced significant limits on the amount of data they can transmit. Now researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a more efficient data transmission approach that can boost the amount of data the networks can transmit by 20% to 80%.
Combining two strategies that are designed to improve the results of cancer treatment—angiogenesis inhibitors and nanomedicines—may only be successful if the smallest nanomedicines are used. A new study by researchers at Harvard University and Massachusetts General Hospital has found that normalizing blood vessels within tumors can actually block the delivery of larger nanotherapy molecules.
A team led by scientists at the California Institute of Technology has created a framework for weighing the factors that might have led to mass extinction and has used that framework to determine that the majority of extinctions were caused by habitat loss due to falling sea levels and cooling of the tropical oceans.
An air sampler the size of an ear plug is expected to cheaply and easily collect atmospheric samples to improve computer climate models. The novel design of Sandia National Laboratories' phase-change micro-valve sensor employs a commonly used alloy to house an inexpensive microvalve situated above the sample chamber.
The data-routing techniques that undergird the Internet could increase the efficiency of multicore chips while lowering their power requirements, according to Massachusetts Institute of Technology research.
Nearly 20 years ago, two Brown University computer scientists were working on a largely theoretical problem: How could multiple parallel processors make changes to shared resources safely and efficiently? Their proposal—transactional memory—is sparking fresh interest as a new generation of processors seeks improved power and speed.
New research by University of California, Los Angeles biologists could lead to predictions of which plant species will escape extinction from climate change. Droughts are worsening around the world, which poses a great challenge to plants in gardens and forests. Scientists have debated for more than a century how to predict which species are most vulnerable.
Both radiation and many forms of chemotherapy try to kill tumors by causing oxidative stress in cancer cells. New research from the University of Southern California on a protein that protects cancer and other cells from these stresses could one day help doctors to break down cancer cells' defenses, making them more susceptible to treatment.
Scientists have overcome a major hurdle facing quantum computing: How to protect quantum information from degradation by the environment while simultaneously performing computation in a solid-state quantum system.
Using light-harvesting nanoparticles to convert laser energy into plasmonic nanobubbles, researchers at Rice University, the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, and Baylor College of Medicine are developing new methods to inject drugs and genetic payloads directly into cancer cells. In tests on drug-resistant cancer cells, the researchers found that delivering chemotherapy drugs with nanobubbles was up to 30 times more deadly to cancer cells than traditional drug treatment.
A North Carolina State University researcher has developed a more efficient, less expensive way of cooling electronic devices. The technique uses a heat spreader made of a copper-graphene composite, which is attached to the electronic device using an indium-graphene interface film.
A breakthrough in the development of a new generation of plastic electronic circuits by researchers at the University of Cambridge's Cavendish Laboratory brings flexible and transparent intelligent materials—such as artificial skin and interactive playing cards—a step closer.