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Cluster of gold atoms visualized for the first time

July 26, 2012 4:18 am | News | Comments

Physicists have theorized for many years how atoms of gold and other elements would be arranged. Ten years ago the structure of a 20-atom tetrahedral pyramid was proposed by scientists in the United States. U.K. physicists have now revealed this atomic arrangement for the first time by imaging the cluster with an electron microscope.

Soda companies racing for a new sweet spot

July 26, 2012 3:40 am | by CANDICE CHOI - AP Food Industry Writer - Associated Press | News | Comments

Coke and Pepsi are chasing after the sweet spot: a soda with no calories, no artificial sweeteners and no funny aftertaste.The world's top soft drink companies hope that's the elusive trifecta that will silence health concerns about soda and reverse the decline in consumption of carbonated...

Louisiana lands $550M methanol plant, 130 jobs

July 25, 2012 2:40 pm | by The Associated Press | News | Comments

Methanex Corp., a major producer of the alternative fuel methanol, announced Wednesday that it is moving an idle plant in Chile to Louisiana, creating 130 new jobs for the state.The Vancouver-based company said it would spend $550 million to build on a 225-acre site in Ascension Parish, about...

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Matheson to partner with SynGest

July 25, 2012 11:27 am | News | Comments

Matheson and SynGest Inc. announced that the two companies have agreed to enter into a strategic agreement for Matheson to supply 100% of the oxygen and nitrogen for SynGest's worldwide BioAmmonia and BioUrea projects.

Lithography project could produce pliable cell phone

July 25, 2012 10:40 am | by Herb Booth | News | Comments

A new manufacturing process called “micropunching” lithography can be used to create lightweight, low-cost, and flexible polymer-based devices, such as sensors, actuators, or even a cellular telephone. According to its inventor, the technique has the potential to replace silicon-based materials commonly used in computers and other electronic devices.

Scientists create artificial mother of pearl

July 25, 2012 7:23 am | News | Comments

Nacre, also called mother of pearl, is the iridescent coating that is found on the inside of some molluscs and on the outer coating of pearls. By recreating the biological steps that form nacre in molluscs, the scientists were able to manufacture a material which has a similar structure, mechanical behaviour, and optical appearance of that found in nature.

Researchers create artificial mother of pearl

July 25, 2012 6:53 am | News | Comments

Mimicking the way mother of pearl, also called nacre, is created in nature, scientists have, for the first time, synthesized the strong, iridescent coating found on the inside of some mollusks. By recreating the biological steps that form nacre in mollusks, the scientists were able to manufacture a material which has a similar structure, mechanical behavior, and optical appearance of that found in nature.

Versalis to partner with Genomatica, Novamont for bio-based butadiene

July 24, 2012 11:19 am | News | Comments

Versalis together with Genomatica and Novamont signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to establish a strategic partnership to enable production of butadiene from renewable feedstocks. The partnership, on the basis of which a joint venture will be established, will develop a comprehensive end-to-end process for production of polymer-grade butadiene from biomass.

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Goodyear discovers soybean oil can reduce use of petroleum in tires

July 24, 2012 11:04 am | News | Comments

The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company announced a development that could help consumers and the environment by reducing the amount of petroleum-based oil used in tires, while at the same time, extending tread life.

Research shows feasibility for capturing carbon dioxide directly from air

July 24, 2012 6:44 am | News | Comments

With a series of papers published in chemistry and chemical engineering journals, researchers from the Georgia Institute of Technology have advanced the case for extracting carbon dioxide directly from the air using newly developed adsorbent materials.

Goodyear tests tires made with soybean oil

July 24, 2012 5:40 am | by The Associated Press | News | Comments

Goodyear is testing tires made with soybean oil as it tries to cut its use of petroleum and extend tread life.The Akron, Ohio, company said Tuesday that its researchers have found that the tread on tires made partially with soybean oil can last 10 percent longer than current tires. The soybean...

Scalable device for quantum information processing

July 24, 2012 5:11 am | News | Comments

Researchers in National Physical Laboratory's Quantum Detection Group have demonstrated, for the first time, a monolithic 3D ion microtrap array which could be scaled up to handle several tens of ion-based quantum bits. The research shows how it is possible to realize this device embedded in a semiconductor chip, and demonstrates the device's ability to confine individual ions at the nanoscale.

NASA successfully tests hypersonic inflatable heat shield

July 24, 2012 5:05 am | News | Comments

A large inflatable heat shield developed by NASA's Space Technology Program has successfully survived a trip through Earth's atmosphere while travelling at hypersonic speeds up to 7,600 mph. A cone of uninflated high-tech rings covered by a thermal blanket of layers of heat resistant materials, the shield was launched Monday from a three-stage Black Brant rocket for its suborbital flight.

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Alcoa hires new executive to be government liaison

July 23, 2012 5:40 pm | by The Associated Press | News | Comments

Aluminum maker Alcoa Inc. has hired a new executive to work with lawmakers and regulators.The company announced Monday that Michelle O'Neill will serve as Alcoa's vice president of government affairs and trade policy. In that role, O'Neill will coordinate Alcoa's communications with federal and...

Analyst Note: Mosaic

July 23, 2012 8:41 am | by The Associated Press | News | Comments

A Citi analyst on Monday raised his rating for The Mosaic Co. to "Buy" from "Neutral" and added it to his firm's top picks list, saying that the fertilizer company should get a boost from an increase in corn prices, higher farmer demand for its products and a possible stock buyback program down...

Analyst: Drought shouldn't hurt fertilizer demand

July 23, 2012 7:40 am | by The Associated Press | News | Comments

Mosaic Co. and other fertilizer manufacturers shouldn't see demand fall off because of the devastating drought affecting crops across much of the Midwest, a Citi Research analyst said Monday.Analyst P.J. Juvekar raised his rating on Mosaic to "Buy" from "Neutral," and the share price target to...

“Rattle memory” moves magnetic data with a ratcheting magnetic field

July 23, 2012 7:36 am | News | Comments

Ion irradiation creates an asymmetric potential or 'ratchet' for the main walls (visualised as light yellow spheres). The bit with a magnetic coating is shifted one position to

How pre-eruption collisions affect what exist a volcano

July 23, 2012 7:10 am | News | Comments

Recent volcanic eruptions have demonstrated our continued vulnerability to ash dispersal, which can disrupt the aviation industry and cause billions of dollars in economic loss. Volcanic particle size is determined by the initial fragmentation process, when bubbly magma deep in the volcano changes into gas-particle flows. Recent laboratory experiments and computer simulations of this particle breakup, known as granular disruption, sheds light on the type of fragmentation likely to produce fine-grained ash.

Canadian firm could mine gold in Marathon Co.

July 23, 2012 4:40 am | by The Associated Press | News | Comments

A Canadian company is evaluating the feasibility of an open pit mine in eastern Marathon County where it has found traces of gold.Aquila Resources Inc. has mineral rights on 600 acres in the town of Easton. The company has drilled 42 test holes and plans more exploratory drilling later this...

Artificial jellyfish swims in a heartbeat

July 23, 2012 3:46 am | News | Comments

Using recent advances in marine biomechanics, materials science, and tissue engineering, a team of researchers at Harvard University and the California Institute of Technology have turned inanimate silicone and living cardiac muscle cells into a freely swimming "jellyfish."

UMW officials fret over coal company Ch. 11 plan

July 21, 2012 9:40 am | by The Associated Press | News | Comments

The United Mine Workers is concerned about a coal company's bankruptcy reorganization plan and its impact on its members.The Charleston Gazette (http://bit.ly/PukyvY) reported Saturday the concern involves Patriot Coal Corp., which filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection on Monday in New...

Report: Safety lapse led to Idaho mine death

July 20, 2012 12:40 pm | by The Associated Press | News | Comments

A worker fatally injured at a northern Idaho mine last year was wearing an inadequate safety harness, federal officials said.Brandon Gray, 26, was buried in rubble after trying to dislodge a jammed rock bin Nov. 17 at the Lucky Friday Mine. He died from his injuries two days later.A report...

Wash. fines Crown Resources over Buckhorn mine

July 20, 2012 10:40 am | by The Associated Press | News | Comments

Washington state has fined Crown Resources Corp. $395,000 for water quality violations at a gold mine near the Canadian border in north-central Washington.The state Department of Ecology said in a statement Friday that the Buckhorn Mine near Chesaw failed to contain spring rains and snow melt,...

Transparent solar cells for windows generate electricity

July 20, 2012 9:00 am | by Jennifer Marcus | News | Comments

Researchers in California have recently described a new kind of polymer solar cell that produces energy by absorbing mainly infrared light, not visible light, making the cells nearly 70% transparent to the human eye. The device was made from a photoactive plastic that converts infrared light into an electrical current.

Diamond in the rough: Half-century puzzle solved

July 20, 2012 5:43 am | News | Comments

A Yale University-led team of mineral physicists has for the first time confirmed through high-pressure experiments the structure of cold-compressed graphite, a form of carbon that is comparable in hardness to its cousin, diamond, but only requires pressure to synthesize. The researchers believe their findings could open the way for a super hard material that can withstand great force and can be used for many electronic and industrial applications.

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