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The colors of fall: Are autumn reds and golds passing us by?

September 26, 2012 6:11 am | News | Comments

According to research done at the Harvard Forest Long-Term Ecological Research site in Masschusetts, autumn colors were different there a century, or even a half-century, ago. And they will likely continue to change as alterations to the landscape occur through changing climate, tree disease, and harvesting practices.

Global Hawk gets to the heart of what makes hurricanes tick

September 26, 2012 5:58 am | by Robert Gutro | News | Comments

NASA’s Hurricane and Severe Storm Sentinel (HS3) investigation is a five-year mission to better understand the processes that underlie hurricane intensity change in the Atlantic Ocean basin. The Global Hawk is a key part of that effort, and its flights into the hurricane’s environment allow several highly-advanced, autonomously operated instruments to gauge everything from wind speed to cloud structures.

Latest research from Okayama University

September 26, 2012 5:51 am | by ResearchSEA | News | Comments

(Okayama, Japan, 20 September 2012) This e-Bulletin highlights pioneering insights into water splitting/photosynthesis, analysis of the Itokawa asteroid brought to Earth by Japan's Hayabusa space probe, stemming the spread of cancer and identification of a rice transporter for...

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USGS Selects AQUARIUS Software by Aquatic Informatics to Centralize National Water Data Management & Operations

September 25, 2012 6:40 am | by The Associated Press | News | Comments

Aquatic Informatics Inc., a global leader in providing innovative software solutions for hydrologic data management and analysis, is announcing today from the USGS National Water Data Conference in Portland, Oregon that the USGS has selected AQUARIUS Software for water time series...

Researchers make call for specialty metals recycling

September 24, 2012 2:56 pm | News | Comments

According to recent paper published by Yale University scientists, an international policy is needed for recycling scarce specialty metals that are critical in the production of consumer goods. Specialty metals account for more than 30 of the 60 metals on the periodic table, and their rapidly accelerating usage in many industries makes the complete lack of recycling a concern.

Unusual symbiosis found between algae and nitrogen-fixing bacteria

September 24, 2012 4:52 am | News | Comments

Emerging from the investigation of a mysterious nitrogen-fixing microbe that has a very small genome, an international team of investigators has found that certain type of photosynthetic bacteria not only provides nitrogen to its host single-cell algae, it appears now to be the most widespread nitrogen-fixing organism in the oceans.

Dallas scientist is 'own experiment' in ALS fight

September 23, 2012 9:41 pm | by MARC RAMIREZ - The Dallas Morning News - Associated Press | News | Comments

Here's how this is supposed to work: Things happen and science explains why.But sometimes things happen that science can't explain. And serendipity leads the way.It's when someone like Dallas scientist Tony Wood, struck with a fatal disease, finds himself unwittingly offering hope for his own...

Nevada governor announces deals with China

September 22, 2012 4:40 pm | by The Associated Press | News | Comments

Nevada Gov. Brian Sandoval, on a trade mission to China and South Korea, says business agreements have been reached for two Nevada companies to expand their reach to Asia.Sandoval on Saturday said Las Vegas-based Tate Snyder Kimsey Architects signed a two-year contract with Shenzhen Investment...

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House moves to quash Obama coal, gas rules

September 21, 2012 9:40 am | by JOSH LEDERMAN - Associated Press - Associated Press | News | Comments

House Republicans voted Friday to cramp President Barack Obama's environmental policies in favor of increased coal production, in a parting jab before returning home to campaign. The bill would bar the Environmental Protection Agency from restricting greenhouse gases, quash stricter fuel...

Computer model identifies candidate refrigerants to combat global warming

September 19, 2012 5:26 am | News | Comments

Researchers at NIST have developed a new computational method for identifying candidate refrigerant fluids with low global warming potential—the tendency to trap heat in the atmosphere for many decades—as well as other desirable performance and safety features. The NIST effort is the most extensive systematic search for a new class of refrigerants that meet the latest concerns about climate change.

2 of 3 Americans Are Concerned With Toxins Found in Common Household Products, Study Shows

September 19, 2012 4:40 am | by The Associated Press | News | Comments

Nearly two-thirds of all Americans (64%) say they are "concerned" or "very concerned" about potentially harmful chemicals and petroleum-based ingredients found in everyday personal care, household cleaning, laundry and baby care products, according to a study released today. Top concerns of...

Climate scientists put predictions to the test

September 18, 2012 6:30 am | News | Comments

A new study has found that climate-prediction models are good at predicting long-term climate patterns on a global scale, but lose their edge when applied to time frames shorter than three decades and on sub-continental scales.

In Arkansas, a last stand by embattled Democrats

September 17, 2012 11:40 am | by ANDREW DeMILLO - Associated Press - Associated Press | News | Comments

When top Arkansas Democrats talk about their priorities in the 2012 election, they hardly mention the race for the White House or the fight for the state's four congressional seats.They're focused instead on dozens of state House and Senate races that could decide whether the Legislature falls...

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Study estimates increasing rate of extreme rainfall with global warming

September 17, 2012 10:03 am | by Jennifer Chu, MIT News Office | News | Comments

Global warming is expected to intensify extreme precipitation, but the rate at which it does so in the tropics has remained unclear. Now, a new study has given an estimate based on model simulations and observations: With every 1 C rise in temperature, the study finds, tropical regions will see 10% heavier rainfall extremes, with possible impacts for flooding in populous regions.

Engineers mine big data to faster assess carbon footprints

September 13, 2012 11:28 am | News | Comments

Researchers at Columbia University have developed a new software that can simultaneously calculate the carbon footprints of thousands of products faster than ever before. The software complies with the latest product LCA guidelines sponsored by the World Resources Institute, and any carbon footprint it calculates can easily be audited against this standard.

Feds declare fishery disaster in New England

September 13, 2012 8:40 am | by JAY LINDSAY - Associated Press - Associated Press | News | Comments

The U.S. Commerce Department declared a national fishery disaster Thursday in New England, opening the door for tens of millions of dollars in relief funds for struggling fishermen and their ports.Acting Commerce Secretary Rebecca Blank said the declaration comes amid "unexpectedly slow...

5,000 Innovations and Counting

September 13, 2012 4:59 am | Articles | Comments

For the last 50 years, the R&D 100 Awards have recognized the best in technological innovation.

New nanoparticle system finds mercury in water, fish

September 13, 2012 4:33 am | by Erin White | News | Comments

The system currently being used to test for mercury and its very toxic derivative, methyl mercury, is time-intensive, costly, and can only detect quantities at already toxic levels. Researchers at Northwestern University and in Switzerland have invented a device consisting of a strip of glass with a nanoparticle film attached that can detect heavy metals in quantities more than a million times smaller than is currently possible.

Wildlife Conservation Society Releases List of Asian Species at the Conservation Crossroads

September 12, 2012 3:53 pm | by ResearchSEA | News | Comments

Will the tiger go the way of the passenger pigeon or be saved from extinction like the American bison? Extinction or Survival? List Released at the World Conservation Congress in Jeju, Korea. Species can be saved if Asian Governments take "Three Rs" approach

Innovations Move Materials, Energy, and Imaging Forward

September 12, 2012 10:18 am | Articles | Comments

The R&D 100 Awards have a 50-year history of recognizing excellence in innovation, and the 2012 class of winners have continued this tradition. A better light bulb, breathable sportswear, neutron generators, and laser control systems illustrate a diversity of technology advances in established and emerging industry sectors.

2012 R & D 100 Awards Judges

September 12, 2012 10:14 am | Articles | Comments

Experts in high-technology R&D are invited to participate in the R&D 100 Awards judging process. We thank our panel of judges for the 2012 R&D 100 Awards.

R & D Traditions Past, Present, and Future

September 12, 2012 10:01 am | Articles | Comments

Every year, R&D Magazine ’s annual R&D 100 Awards issue is a special project for the editorial team as we recognize the top technology innovations of the previous year. This year, "special" takes on extra meaning, as we mark the 50th anniversary of the awards program.

Climate change likely to increase Lake Erie algae blooms and 'dead zones'

September 12, 2012 7:45 am | News | Comments

Climate change is expected to increase the frequency of intense spring rain storms in the Great Lakes region throughout this century and will likely add to the number of harmful algal blooms and "dead zones" in Lake Erie, unless additional conservation actions are taken, according to a University of Michigan aquatic ecologist.

How to clean up oil spills

September 12, 2012 3:38 am | by Larry Hardesty, MIT News Office | News | Comments

Massachusetts Institute of Technology researchers have developed a new technique for magnetically separating oil and water that could be used to clean up oil spills. They believe that, with their technique, the oil could be recovered for use, offsetting much of the cleanup cost.

Gulf bacteria consumed a majority of the Deepwater oil spill

September 11, 2012 10:06 am | News | Comments

According to a new study that measured the rate at which bacteria in the Gulf of Mexico ate the oil and gas discharged by the broken Deepwater Horizon well, at least 200,000 tons of hydrocarbons were consumed by gulf bacteria over a five month period.

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