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The economic cost of increased temperatures

August 7, 2012 7:09 am | by Peter Dizikes, MIT News Office | News | Comments

Even temporary rises in local temperatures significantly damage long-term economic growth in the world's developing nations, according to a new study co-authored by an Massachusetts Institute of Technology economist.

Study finds correlation between injection wells and small earthquakes

August 7, 2012 6:58 am | News | Comments

The Barnett Shale is a geological formation in North Texas bearing a large amount of natural gas that was difficult to recover prior to recent technological advances such as hydraulic fracturing. A geophysicist at the University of Texas at Austin analyzed seismic data over a two-year period and has found that while proving any one earthquake was caused by drilling is impossible, a connection between earthquake frequency and fracking does exist.

Researchers unlock secret of the rare twinned rainbow

August 7, 2012 6:25 am | News | Comments

Scientists have yet to fully unravel the mysteries of rainbows, but an international team of scientists have used simulations of these natural wonders to unlock the secret to a rare optical phenomenon known as the twinned rainbow. Unlike the more common double-rainbow, which consists of two separate and concentric rainbow arcs, the elusive twinned rainbow appears as two rainbows arcs that split from a single base rainbow.

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Scientists define new limits of microbial life in undersea volcanoes

August 7, 2012 6:21 am | News | Comments

This week researchers have reported the first detailed data on methane-exhaling microbes that live deep in the cracks of hot undersea volcanoes. As evidence builds that a large amount of biomass exists in Earth’s subsurface, the scientists’ major goal was to test results of predictive computer models and to establish the first environmental hydrogen threshold for these extreme microbes.

Readyforce Presents "Hacker Tour 2012" -- Recruiting at 25 Campuses to Create a Better Way for Fast-Growing Tech Companies to Recruit Engineering Students

August 7, 2012 4:40 am | by The Associated Press | News | Comments

Readyforce announces Hacker Tour 2012 as the new model in scalable, economical college recruiting for fast growing tech companies. Readyforce is representing sponsoring companies as Hacker Tour 2012 travels to 25 campuses this fall, connecting sponsors with 20,000 of the best engineering and...

New study links current events to climate change

August 6, 2012 6:59 am | by Seth Borenstein, AP Science Writer | News | Comments

The relentless, weather-gone-crazy type of heat that has blistered the United States and other parts of the world in recent years is so rare that it can't be anything but man-made global warming, says a new analysis from NASA’s James Hansen. In a departure from most climate research, which is based on modeling, the new study relies on statistics.

Researchers develop new desalination technique

August 6, 2012 5:03 am | News | Comments

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researchers have developed a new capacitive desalination technique that could ultimately lower the cost and time of desalinating seawater. The technique, called flow-through electrode capacitive desalination, uses porous carbon materials with a hierarchical pore structure, which allows the saltwater to easily flow through the electrodes themselves.

NASA counting down to nail-biting Mars plunge

August 5, 2012 6:41 pm | by ALICIA CHANG - AP Science Writer - Associated Press | News | Comments

The most high-tech rover NASA has ever designed was speeding toward Mars on Sunday to attempt an acrobatic landing on the planet's surface.The Curiosity rover was poised to hit the top of the Martian atmosphere at 13,000 mph (20,920.5 million kph). If all goes according to script, it will be...

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NASA braces for "7 minutes of terror" Mars plunge

August 5, 2012 7:40 am | by ALICIA CHANG - AP Science Writer - Associated Press | News | Comments

Hurtling ever closer to Mars, NASA's most high-tech interplanetary rover prepared for the riskiest part of its journey: diving through the Martian atmosphere and pulling off a new landing routine.Nerves will be on overdrive Sunday night as the Curiosity rover attempts a dizzying "seven minutes...

Vaporizing the Earth to help find Earth-like planets

August 3, 2012 7:50 am | by Diana Lutz | News | Comments

In science fiction novels, evil overlords and hostile aliens often threaten to vaporize the Earth. Now, scientists are not content just to talk about vaporizing the Earth. They want to understand what it would be like if it happened. Why? Because such knowledge helps them determine the atmospheric composition of exoplanets.

Wastewater transformed into fertilizer

August 3, 2012 5:06 am | News | Comments

Sewage sludge, wastewater and liquid manure are valuable sources of fertilizer for food production. Researchers in Germany have now developed a chemical-free, eco-friendly process that enables the recovered salts to be converted directly into organic food for crop plants.

Simulated: Worldwide increase of air pollution

August 3, 2012 5:00 am | News | Comments

Scientists in Europe have recently completed a study of global pollution levels by simulating the atmosphere using the chemical atmospheric model EMAC. The research is the first include all five major air pollutants known to negatively impact human health: nitrogen dioxide, sulphur dioxide, ozone, carbon monoxide, and particulate matter smaller than 2.5-?m. China, India, and the Middle East are shown to be especially at risk.

Sennheiser & Paste Create Intimate Performance Space at Newport Folk Festival(R), Showcasing a New Generation of Inspired Artists

August 2, 2012 12:40 pm | by The Associated Press | News | Comments

Since its founding in 1959, the annual Newport Folk Festival® has served as a beacon for devout music fans and artists around the world. Last weekend, audio specialist Sennheiser and Paste Magazine introduced festival attendees to the Sennheiser Sound Lounge at The Paste Ruins, where they were...

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Gas drilling research suffers from lack of funding

August 2, 2012 10:28 am | by Kevin Begos, Associated Press | News | Comments

Is gas drilling ruining the air, polluting water and making people sick? The evidence is sketchy and inconclusive, but a lack of serious funding is delaying efforts to resolve those pressing questions and creating a vacuum that could lead to a crush of lawsuits, some experts say.

When the world burned less

August 2, 2012 10:08 am | News | Comments

In the years after Columbus’ voyage, burning of New World forests and fields diminished significantly, and some have claimed the decimation of native populations by European diseases are to blame. But a new study suggests global cooling resulted in fewer fires because both preceded Columbus in many regions worldwide. In effect, the researchers report, they have found a link between climate and fire.

Earth still absorbing carbon dioxide even as emissions rise

August 1, 2012 11:40 am | News | Comments

Despite sharp increases in carbon dioxide emissions by humans in recent decades that are warming the planet, Earth’s vegetation and oceans continue to soak up about half of them, according to a new study which showed global carbon dioxide uptake by Earth’s sinks essentially doubled from 1960 to 2010.

Cancer debate: Are tumors fueled by stem cells?

August 1, 2012 9:41 am | by MALCOLM RITTER - AP Science Writer - Associated Press | News | Comments

How can a cancer come back after it's apparently been eradicated? Three new studies are bolstering a long-debated idea: that tumors contain their own pool of stem cells that can multiply and keep fueling the cancer, seeding regrowth.If that's true, scientists will need to find a way to kill...

X-rays pave way for low cost, large scale carbon capture

August 1, 2012 4:17 am | News | Comments

Current techniques for post-combustion carbon capture filter out carbon dioxide from a power plant’s flue gases as they travel up a chimney. These methods can prevent 80 to 90% of a power plant’s carbon emissions from entering the atmosphere, but researchers in the U.K. are trying to improve on that, using their nation’s synchrotron to determine the mechanism for the use of calcium oxide-based material as carbon dioxide sorbents.

Israel to end draft exemptions for ultra-Orthodox

July 31, 2012 12:40 pm | by AMY TEIBEL - Associated Press - Associated Press | News | Comments

In an step that could intensify a major rift among Israelis, the defense minister on Tuesday ordered the army to prepare for a universal draft of ultra-Orthodox Jewish men.Many in the insular and rapidly growing community say they would rather go to jail than comply with an end to the...

Researchers: Modern culture may have earlier start

July 31, 2012 8:29 am | by Emoke Bebiak, Associated Press | News | Comments

According to two scientific articles published this week, poisoned-tipped arrows and jewelry made of ostrich egg beads found in South Africa show modern culture may have emerged about 30,000 years earlier in the area than previously thought. The findings reinforce the theory that modern man emerged from southern Africa.

Currents in Earth’s mantle may change planet’s magnetic field

July 31, 2012 5:21 am | News | Comments

A group of geoscientists studying the behavior of the Earth’s geomagnetic field have recently discovered that on a time scale of tens to hundreds of millions of years, the field itself may be influenced by currents in the mantle. These thermal flows could also be connected to frequent polarity reversals that have taken place in Earth’s past.

Airborne pollutants lead a double life

July 31, 2012 5:09 am | News | Comments

Researchers at Harvard University and the University of British Columbia have provided visual evidence that atmospheric particles separate into distinct chemical compositions during their life cycle. They confirmed experimentally that changes in relative humidity can separate the organic and inorganic material in individual atmospheric particles into distinct liquid phases, much like oil separates from water.

Chad M. Pinson Named Managing Director at Stroz Friedberg

July 30, 2012 12:41 pm | by The Associated Press | News | Comments

Stroz Friedberg LLC, a global digital risk management and investigations firm, announced that Chad M. Pinson has been named Managing Director. Based in the firm's Dallas office, Mr. Pinson joins Stroz Friedberg from Baker Botts LLP where he developed a national litigation practice litigating...

How carbon is stored in the Southern Ocean

July 30, 2012 10:04 am | by Huw Morgan | News | Comments

The Southern Ocean is an important carbon sink. Around 40% of the annual global carbon dioxide emissions absorbed by the world’s oceans enter through this region. A team of British and Australian scientists has recently discovered how this carbon is drawn down from the surface of the Southern Ocean to the deep waters beneath.

NASA's newest Mars rover faces a tricky landing

July 30, 2012 9:40 am | by ALICIA CHANG - AP Science Writer - Associated Press | News | Comments

It's the U.S. space agency's most ambitious and expensive Mars mission yet — and it begins with the red planet arrival Sunday of the smartest interplanetary rover ever built.It won't be easy. The complicated touchdown NASA designed for the Curiosity rover is so risky it's been described as...

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