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Nixon: Reactor project could help define Missouri

July 23, 2012 2:40 pm | by ALAN SCHER ZAGIER - Associated Press - Associated Press | News | Comments

The technology is unproven, the financing undetermined and the market prospects unclear. But those uncertainties aren't preventing a phalanx of Missouri business and political heavyweights from lining up behind a next-generation nuclear energy project that Gov. Jay Nixon hopes will help define...

Researchers seek to improve drought-resistance of biofuels grasses

July 23, 2012 9:18 am | News | Comments

The U.S. Department of Energy has awarded a five-year, $12.1 million grant to a multi-institutional effort to develop drought-resistant grasses for use in biofuels. The Donald Danforth Plant Science Center in St. Louis will lead the initiative with researchers from the Carnegie Institution for Science, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the University of Minnesota, and Washington State University.

New model of disease contagion ranks U.S. airports by spreading influence

July 23, 2012 7:27 am | by Denise Brehm, Civil and Environmental Engineering | News | Comments

While epidemiologists and scientists who study complex network systems are working to create mathematical models that describe the worldwide spread of disease, to date these models have focused on the final stages of epidemics, examining the locations that ultimately develop the highest infection rates. But a new study shifts the focus to the first few days of an epidemic, determining how likely the 40 largest U.S. airports are to influence the spread of a contagious disease originating in their home cities.

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How pre-eruption collisions affect what exist a volcano

July 23, 2012 7:10 am | News | Comments

Recent volcanic eruptions have demonstrated our continued vulnerability to ash dispersal, which can disrupt the aviation industry and cause billions of dollars in economic loss. Volcanic particle size is determined by the initial fragmentation process, when bubbly magma deep in the volcano changes into gas-particle flows. Recent laboratory experiments and computer simulations of this particle breakup, known as granular disruption, sheds light on the type of fragmentation likely to produce fine-grained ash.

Fool's gold found to regulate oxygen

July 23, 2012 5:51 am | News | Comments

As sulfur cycles through Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land, it undergoes chemical changes that are often coupled to changes in other such elements as carbon and oxygen. Although this affects the concentration of free oxygen, sulfur has traditionally been portrayed as a secondary factor in regulating atmospheric oxygen, with most of the heavy lifting done by carbon. However, new findings suggest that sulfur's role may have been underestimated.

Experts: Some fracking critics use bad science

July 23, 2012 4:58 am | by Kevin Begos, Associated Press | News | Comments

Shale gas drilling has attracted national attention because advances in technology have unlocked billions of dollars of gas reserves, leading to a boom in production, jobs, and profits, as well as concerns about pollution and public health. In the debate over natural gas drilling, the companies are often the ones accused of twisting the facts. But scientists say opponents sometimes mislead the public, too.

AP Essay: Shootings shatter safe haven of cinema

July 21, 2012 11:40 am | by DAVID GERMAIN - AP Movie Writer - Associated Press | News | Comments

Director Christopher Nolan remarked ahead of "The Dark Knight Rises" debut that his villain is so fearsome that at times he's as hateful as someone carrying out such misdeeds for real.Nolan's grand spectacle of violence and mayhem has been put into perspective for what it really is — a harmless...

APNewsBreak: EPA reviews part of power plant rule

July 20, 2012 1:41 pm | by MATTHEW DALY - Associated Press - Associated Press | News | Comments

The Environmental Protection Agency is reviewing part of a controversial rule that sets the first federal standards to reduce toxic air pollution from power plants.The rule, issued in December, is aimed at curbing mercury and other toxic pollutants from coal- and oil-fired power plants. The...

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Tiny “Firefly” satellite may solve mystery about lightning

July 20, 2012 10:46 am | by Cheryl Dybas, NSF | News | Comments

CubeSats are fully-instrumented satellites the size of a half-gallon milk carton. Several are in orbit around the Earth, including Firefly, a CubeSat is designed to help solve the mystery of a phenomenon that's linked with lightning: terrestrial gamma rays, or TGFs. By using its small but powerful instrumentation,Its designers hope that Firefly will provide the first direct evidence for a relationship between lightning and TGFs.

Funding cut imperils undersea lab off Florida Keys

July 19, 2012 5:40 pm | by JENNIFER KAY - Associated Press - Associated Press | News | Comments

IN THE OCEAN OFF KEY LARGO, Fla. (AP) — Ocean explorer Sylvia Earle sported one Rolex dive watch on each wrist as she slipped beneath the balmy waters of the Florida Keys for a weeklong stay at an undersea research lab where marine biologists have kept constant watch on a coral reef.In 1970, Rolex...

Highest-resolution observations reveal complexity of 2012 Sumatra earthquake

July 19, 2012 2:25 pm | by Kimm Fesenmaier | News | Comments

The powerful magnitude-8.6 earthquake that shook Sumatra on April 11, 2012, was a seismic standout for many reasons, not the least of which is that it was larger than scientists thought an earthquake of its type could ever be. Now, researchers from the California Institute of Technology report on their findings from the first high-resolution observations of the underwater temblor, they point out that the earthquake was also unusually complex

Funding cut imperils undersea lab off Fla. Keys

July 19, 2012 1:40 pm | by JENNIFER KAY - Associated Press - Associated Press | News | Comments

IN THE OCEAN OFF KEY LARGO, Fla. (AP) — Ocean explorer Sylvia Earle sported one Rolex dive watch on each wrist as she slipped beneath the balmy waters of the Florida Keys for a weeklong stay at an undersea research lab where marine biologists have kept constant watch on a coral reef.In 1970, Rolex...

Long Island Capital Alliance Announces Cyber Security Capital Forum in Partnership With LISTnet and LIFT

July 19, 2012 7:42 am | by The Associated Press | News | Comments

The Long Island Capital Alliance ("LICA"), the leading non-profit capital formation and business development organization serving regional companies, today announced that it will be holding a Cyber Security Capital Forum on September 14. The capital forum will be held in partnership with the...

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New carbon accounting method to reduce nitrogen fertilizer use

July 18, 2012 7:27 pm | News | Comments

In 2011, corn was planted on more than 92 million acres in the U.S. Because corn is a nitrogen-loving plant, farmers must use synthetic nitrogen fertilizer to their fields every year to achieve their crop target. However, nitrogen is hard to contain and can negatively affect the environment. Researchers have come up with a solution, however, and it’s tied to the relationship between nitrates and nitrous oxide emissions.

Researchers find tobacco protein enhances crop immune systems

July 18, 2012 3:52 pm | by ResearchSEA | News | Comments

A study led by Associate Prof. Kenji Nakahara at Hokkaido University in Japan has found?a component in tobacco that makes crop immune systems more resistant to viral attacks.

Battelle Wins $102M NIAID Biodefense Research Contract

July 18, 2012 6:40 am | by The Associated Press | News | Comments

Battelle has won a single-source award from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' National Institutes of Health for evaluation and testing services for vaccines and other biologics for infectious diseases. The work, worth as much as $102.5 million for 10 years, will be...

Researchers calculate global health impacts of the Fukushima nuclear disaster

July 18, 2012 3:50 am | by Max McClure, Stanford University | News | Comments

In the first detailed analysis of the Fukushima nuclear diaster's global health effects, Stanford University researchers estimate the number of deaths and cases of cancer worldwide resulting from the release of radiation.

Douglas Elected to Battelle's Board of Directors

July 17, 2012 10:40 am | by The Associated Press | News | Comments

Battelle, the world's leading independent scientific research and technology development organization, today announced the immediate election of noted scientist and business leader Frank L. Douglas, Ph.D., M.D., to its Board of Directors, which comprises some of the nation's...

Generation X is surprisingly unconcerned about climate change

July 17, 2012 6:08 am | News | Comments

As the nation suffers through a summer of record-shattering heat, a University of Michigan report finds that Generation X is lukewarm about climate change—uninformed about the causes and unconcerned about the potential dangers.

Vt. woman loses health, home to post-Irene mold

July 16, 2012 6:40 am | by DAVE GRAM - Associated Press - Associated Press | News | Comments

It was bad enough when Tropical Storm Irene sent the Dog River in Vermont spilling over its banks, filling Chandar Hall's basement, destroying the stairs and back door, toppling her oil tank and destroying thousands of dollars' worth of stored books and clothing.But since the storm more than 10...

Stroz Friedberg Unveils New Chicago Office and Leadership

July 16, 2012 4:40 am | by The Associated Press | News | Comments

Stroz Friedberg LLC, a global digital risk management and investigations firm, announced the opening of a new office in Chicago; expanding the firm's global presence to 10 locations. David Glockner, former Chief of the Criminal Division of the U.S. Attorney's Office (USAO), Northern District of...

Caution needed with new greenhouse gas emission standards

July 16, 2012 3:50 am | News | Comments

Policy makers need to be cautious in setting new 'low-carbon' standards for greenhouse gas emissions for oil sands-derived fuels as well as fuels from conventional crude oils University of Calgary and University of Toronto researchers say. The researchers, using for the first time confidential data from actual oil sands operations, did a 'well-to-wheel' lifecycle analysis of greenhouse gas emissions from transportation fuels produced by Alberta oil sands operations compared with conventional crude oils.

Federal panel supports Kansas biosecurity lab project

July 15, 2012 2:20 pm | by John Milburn, Associated Press | News | Comments

A government-backed committee of the National Research Council issued a report Friday saying the United States would have adequate biosecurity protections even if plans for a proposed $1.14 billion lab in Kansas are scaled back.

Lankford hosts congressional hearing in Okla.

July 13, 2012 2:41 pm | by SEAN MURPHY - Associated Press - Associated Press | News | Comments

Federal regulations on the oil and gas industry, particularly for hydraulic fracturing, are slowing a potential nationwide economic boom and keeping the country from gaining greater energy independence, Oklahoma producers told congressional leaders on Friday.Several officials with ties to the...

Nuclear weapons' surprising contribution to climate science

July 13, 2012 8:47 am | News | Comments

Nuclear weapons testing may at first glance appear to have little connection with climate change research. But key Cold War research laboratories and the science used to track radioactivity and model nuclear bomb blasts have today been repurposed by climate scientists.

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