The photovoltaic industry is particularly sensitive to cost, and while pushing the envelope on conversion efficiency is a priority, efforts to reduce manufacturing costs is also a priority. Toward this end, TetraSun Inc. and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory have developed TetraCell solar cells, which offer a bifacial, high-efficiency ($3.09 per Watt-peak) solution for photovoltaic applications.
Fuel cells are typically viewed as complex or expensive devices. However, Point Source...
The ClimateMaster Trilogy 40 Q-Mode water-to-air packaged geothermal heat pump...
Numerous space probes have taken advantage of radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGs) powered by plutonium. However, the end of the Cold War has brought about a shortage of plutonium. In collaboration with NASA Glenn Research Center and National Security Technologies, Los Alamos National Laboratory has developed an alternative type of nuclear reactor, one that uses plentiful uranium as its fuel source.
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory’s Universal Smart Window (USW) Coating, constructed from an advance nanocrystal conducting oxide-base electrochromatic material embedded in a transition-metal-oxide matrix, is the first window coating to maximize thermal glare that enables dynamic control over heat-producing near-infrared radiation (NIR) and visible light from the sun independent of each other.
Lithium-ion battery separators prevent the anode and cathode layers from contacting each other, allowing cell potential to be maintained and safe operation of the battery. The SYMMETRIX HPX-F polymer-ceramic composite separator, developed by Porous Power Technologies and Oak Ridge National Laboratory, achieves this functionality while improving safety over conventional polyolefin membranes.
The worldwide market for portable electronic devices is quickly growing. These devices are predominantly battery-driven, and a challenge looms for maintaining, charging and disposing of these millions of batteries. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory’s Bacteriophage Power Generator offers a potential alternative.
Currently, electric grids have limited ability to store excess energy, so electricity must constantly be generated to perfectly match demand. Hence, power generation, transmission and distribution must accommodate the maximum demand of conditions and must include significant standby generation capacity. This adds capital expense, and forces power plants to idle or operate at non-efficient conditions. United Technologies Research Center has developed a flow-battery technology—called PureStorage—that provides affordable, safe, energy-efficient and readily deployable electrical energy storage.
Understanding and controlling temperature is necessary for the successful operation of battery packs in electric-drive vehicles (EDVs). Isothermal Battery Calorimeters (IBCs), developed by National Renewable Energy Laboratory and NETZSCH North America, are the only calorimeters that can accurately measure heat generated from batteries used in EDVs—with a baseline sensitivity of 10 mW and heat detection as low as 15 J—while being charged and/or discharged.
DEVAP: Desiccant-Enhanced Evaporative Air-Conditioning, developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, AIL Research, and Synapse Product Development LLC, uses an advanced indirect evaporative cooling method to greatly increase its effectiveness in all types of climates.
Using a flexible Fresnel lens technology originally developed to power spacecraft, the SolarVolt module from NASA Glenn Research Center and Entech Solar Inc. offers high-efficiency concentrating photovoltaics for grid-scale deployment on Earth.
Recent work at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, the Center for Research in Plasma Physics, and the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory has produced the Snowflake Divertor for Nuclear Fusion Reactors, a technology that solves the exhaust power load problem on tokamak fusion reactors.
Oxygen reduction is a performance-limiting process in a fuel cell, prompting Brookhaven National Laboratory and N.E. Chemcat Corp. to design Platinum Monolayer Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cell Cathodes that greatly speed up this process.
SideLighter Optical microstructure-based concentrator photovoltaic technology from the Industrial Technology Research Institute helps reduce solar panel cost by reducing the size of the panel and increasing its efficiency.
With the development the SJ3 Solar Cell, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and Solar Junction have produced an efficient multijunction concentrator solar cell that has achieved a maximum solar conversion of 43.5%.
Microsystems Enabled Photovoltaics (MEPV) from Sandia National Laboratories represent a move toward miniaturized crystalline silicon and crystalline gallium-arsenide (GaAs) solar cells that can fit within the intricate shapes and contours of various objects.
Landmark Solaris Platinum solar reflective roofing shingles from CertainTeed Roofing are produced with a new coating process that takes advantage of more of the solar spectrum to produce a solar reflectance of 40%.
The High-Energy Concentration-Gradient Cathode Material for Plug-in Hybrids and All-Electric Vehicles, developed by Argonne National Laboratory, Hanyang University, and ECOPRO Co. Ltd., provides higher energy and longer life than any other currently manufactured lithium-ion cathode technology.
When added to spacer drilling fluid in the casings of deepwater oil wells, the TAPSS: Trapped Annular Pressure Shrinking Spacer product causes the fluids underground to shrink, counteracting the potentially devastating effects of thermal expansion.
The Cryo-Force Power-Cell System is an integrated, closed-loop liquid oxygen-liquid hydrogen fuel cell system that transitions unmanned underwater vehicles away from large-battery and fossil fuel technologies.
In an effort to improve power intermittancy issues in the photovoltaic sector, Princeton Power Systems Inc. has developed a device, the Demand Response Inverter (DRI), that is intended to improve throughput for solar-based renewable energy solutions.
The Optical Cavity Furnace uses light enclosed within a highly reflective, ceramic-lined chamber to achieve a level of temperature uniformity far beyond what is available with a conventional furnace.
Experts from the National Energy Technology Laboratory have developed a manganese-cobalt (Mn-Co) spinel coating specifically tailored for solid oxide fuel cell interconnects that prevent chromium poisoning of the cathode.
The Flash Quantum Efficiency System for Solar Cells uses a parallel approach to acquire quantum efficiency (QE) spectrum plots at a rate of one second per cell, more than 1,000 times faster than conventional QE systems.
Typical heat pumps are powered from the electrical grid, but the NextAire Packaged Gas Heat Pump from Oak Ridge National Laboratory and partners uses natural gas as its primary fuel, allowing users to avoid high kilowatt demands and time-of-use rates.
Argonne National Laboratory and Eurisko Scientific LLC have introduced an Enhanced Renewable Methane Production System for anaerobic digesters that improves methane quality and sequesters carbon dioxide, improving on efficiencies of current technologies.
With Innovalight Silicon Ink for High-Efficiency Solar Cells, scientists at Innovalight Inc. and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory have invented a liquid form of silicon that can be added to solar cells to markedly increase conversion efficiency.
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