People exposed to manganese in occupational settings such as welding may not see signs for years that the element is toxic to their nervous systems, but new medical imaging techniques being developed and tested by a Purdue University professor could help reveal toxicity before symptoms appear that indicate irreversible brain damage.
A weapon prototype developed by the Office of Naval Research (ONR) successfully hit two high-speed boat targets during recent testing. ONR researchers produced the Low-Cost Imaging Terminal Seeker, a suite of low-cost technologies that modify existing helicopter-borne rockets into precision-guided weapons.
A National Institutes of Health (NIH) grant to Los Alamos National Laboratory Bioscience Division could help unravel the gnarly secrets of how many human genes function. With the new NIH Common Fund grant of more than $4 million, researchers led by Andrew Bradbury aim to develop an automated pipeline to generate antibodies against human gene products, without using animals.
Concern is growing in the scientific community about the changing attitude of Congress toward federal research and development activities. Once content to rely upon the recommendations of government research officials, Congressional leaders now are swinging to the other extreme—the questioning of virtually every major research decision.
New life has been pumped into the study and modeling of hydropower storage plants, thanks to a new $1.9 million Department of Energy grant awarded to a project led by Argonne National Laboratory.
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, working with Loyola University, has won a $3.5 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to help develop a new anthrax vaccine. The grant is the first major NIH-funded biodefense grant focused on LLNL's nanolipoprotein technology.
The National Science Foundation (NSF) has selected 21 teams for the inaugural class of its I-Corp awards. Winning teams will receive guidance from private- and public-sector experts, participate in a specially designed training curriculum, and receive $50,000 to begin assessing the commercial readiness of their technology concepts.
Purdue University is part of a national institute that received a grant of up to $35 million over the next five years from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The FDA awarded the grant to the National Institute for Pharmaceutical Technology and Education, or NIPTE, to improve manufacturing standards and ultimately cut health care costs, create jobs, and improve drug safety.
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory researchers will play major roles in three new energy research projects being funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy. These three projects entail the development of tobacco as a source of biofuels, creation of a personalized system for reducing customer demands for electrical power when the grid is congested, and development of a commercial process for extracting biofuels from the resin of pine trees.
The coming months will be both exciting and bittersweet at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. What was for many years the world’s most powerful particle accelerator, Tevatron, will soon cease to operate. But Fermilab will continue to be America’s “City of Energy”, confirming faster-than-light results from CERN and building Project X.
Two geothermal energy projects led by researchers at the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) have been selected to receive funding from the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. These projects promise to help accelerate development of geothermal energy technologies and diversify America’s sources of clean, renewable energy.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture announced that Washington State University and University of Washington each will receive a five-year, $40 million grant to help develop alternatives to petroleum-based fuels and chemicals. As a partner in the Washington State University-led Northwest Advanced Renewables Alliance (NARA), the U.S. Forest Service Forest Products Laboratory (FPL) will receive $1.1 million to pretreat woody biomass for conversion to aviation fuel.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology has been awarded $7.5 million as part of a new initiative by the Department of Energy to support research and development on the next generation of nuclear technologies.
A Rice University research team is one of 16 chosen by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to develop innovative new technologies that can significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions by capturing carbon dioxide from power plants.
Southwest Research Institute was awarded a $4.4 million contract from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority to develop a nasal-delivery, first-line treatment system to combat cyanide poisoning.
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has received $890,000 from U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy to help accelerate geothermal energy technology. The main project, "Stochastic Joint Inversion for Integrated Data Interpretation in Geothermal Exploration," aims to reduce resource exploration costs by developing a processing technique for a variety of geophysical and geological parameters.
Ocean Power Technologies Inc. (OPT) announced it will collaborate with Lockheed Martin in connection with OPT's proposed commercial-scale wave power generation project at Reedsport, Ore. The work builds on previous work conducted by Lockheed Martin and OPT.
Companies with innovative, game-changing ways to lower the cost of solar energy have been awarded $5.8 million to work with the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory. The SunShot Incubator Program is an expansion of DOE's successful PV Technology Incubator Program, launched in 2007, which to date has funded $60 million in projects and leveraged $1.3 billion in private investment.
Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced $43 million over the next five years to speed technical innovations, lower costs, and shorten the timeline for deploying offshore wind energy systems.
U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced $38 million over three years for projects to accelerate the development of promising geothermal energy technologies and help diversify America’s sources of clean, renewable energy.
Three Penn State University-led projects have received more than $1.6 million in combined research and development grants from the U.S. Department of Energy's Nuclear Energy University Programs.
Over the past decade, federal research laboratories such as Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory have shifted from Cold War-era defense R&D to meeting the challenges of new terror threats, developing a nationwide system to sniff the air for germs such as anthrax and smallpox.
Battelle researchers have been awarded nearly $2 million from the Department of Energy's Office of Fossil Energy and the National Energy Technology Laboratory to study how well a new carbon dioxide capture process can work to pull greenhouse gases out of emissions from coal-fired power plants.
Ocean Power Technologies Inc. (OPT), a wave energy technology company, announced the deployment for sea trials of a unique autonomous wave energy device, marking an important milestone in the expansion of the Company's PowerBuoy product line.
The University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute has been awarded a $14.9 million contract from the U.S. Department of Transportation to conduct a safety pilot model deployment of a vehicle communications system used to improve the safety and efficiency of the nation's roadways.