Based on more than nine years of research, a new pressure-volume-temperature (pvT) and thermal conductivity developed by engineers in the UK is intended to improve the design and processing of plastics, including the injection molding process used to make specialized polymers.
Diamonds can be produced artificially only under difficult conditions, and past predictions of the phase transitions involved have been theoretical because of simulation complexity. Advances in computing have allowed researchers in Switzerland to now show exactly how graphite is converted into diamond.
Using a structural laboratory, researchers at Purdue University have designed an experimental method of studying the behavior of buildings on fire. Thermal panels and hydraulic force generators are used to simulate the extreme heat of a structural blaze, and has delivered insights on the fire’s effects.
Because they subsist on the tough, woody bamboo plant, it makes sense that panda waste, according to scientists, contains bacteria with potent effects in breaking down plant material in the way needed to tap biomass.
With the introduction of a new chlorine manufacturing process achieved by combining oxygen depolarized cathode technology and new electrolysis technology, Bayer MaterialScience is poised to save enough electricity to power a small city.
Working together with a European automobile manufacturer, mPhase has produced a refined product with increased functionality over prior examples and a 20% reduction in size, using MEMS processing and microfluidics technologies.
When finished, the 4.2-meter mirror being crafted by the Univ. of Arizona’s College of Optical Sciences for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope in Hawaii will be the largest telescope mirror ever pointed at the sun. Complicating the task of polishing this mirror is the shape: the telescope’s design calls for a complex off-axis paraboloid surface.
Unlike crystals, glasses lack a strict organization of repeating patterns. But sometimes they demonstrate atomic-scale order. New research from Carnegie’s Geophysical Laboratory reveals the possibility of creating a metallic glass that is organized on a larger scale: the perfect glass.
Because of its outstanding performance characteristics, polycarbonate resin is widely used to manufacture parts used in a myriad of industries. Now Bayer MaterialScience offering 2-D and 3-D solutions that offer greater scratch resistance for polycarbonate parts.
Making its largest single investment yet in clean energy, Google has inked a deal with photovoltaic installer SolarCity in an effort to help private homeowners put solar panels on their rooftops. The agreement is just one of the many recent renewable energy investments Google has made.
A Detroit entrepreneur surprised engineers at Ohio State University recently when he invented a heat-treatment that makes steel 7% stronger than any steel on record. An even bigger surprise was that his method, flash processing, takes less than 10 seconds.
Through his study of chemical reactions within concrete at the nanoscale, Jon Belkowitz, a doctoral student at Stevens Institute of Technology, plans to put an end to the problem of alkali silica reactivity, a chemical reaction that causes fissures in concrete as it sets.
Aldrich Materials Science, a strategic technology initiative of Sigma-Aldrich Corp., today announced it has signed an agreement to collaborate on the scale-up and commercialization of next-generation boron hydride hydrogen-storage materials with Ilika, a UK-based advanced cleantech materials discovery company.
One of China’s biggest, state-owned rare earths miners and producers has been given a monopoly over rare earth mining, processing, and trading in the northern part of the country. The move is an effort by the country’s government to bring the rare earths industry, which provides 97% of global supply, under tighter control.
Last month, a New Jersey Institute of Technology professor gave historians, who tend to think concrete architecture originated in Europe, some food for thought. According to Matt Burgermaster, Thomas Edison invented the single-pour system for building from concrete in 1917. Evidence remains in numerous examples of buildings in New Jersey, near where Edison’s factory was located.
The Geo-Cosmos is to be unveiled June 11 at the National Museum of Emerging Science and Innovation in Tokyo, Japan. Built by Mitsubishi Electric using 10,362 organic light-emitting diode panels, the giant 6-m globe will project clouds and other meteorological information obtained from satellites.
The “scratch test,” which tests a material’s resistance to deformation, might be the oldest known way to assess a material’s hardness and strength. Engineers at MIT decided to determine what exactly the scratch does assess. Using butter as a benchmark material, they found that the test does not actually measure material strength. But it does measure something else that is important.
A team of researchers from the University of Arizona and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute have increased the toughness of ceramic composites by more than 200% with the use of graphene reinforcements. The graphene additions arrest the formation of cracks in the ceramic, forcing them to change direction in three dimensions.
Proprietary zinc finger technologies from biotechnology giant Sigma-Aldrich have been licensed by Kraig Biocraft Laboratories, which plans to back further R&D efforts and potentially commercialize the silk polymers in textile and biomedical fields.
Keeping silver’s tarnish at bay is a never-ending job, and every polish removes some of the precious metal. In an attempt to solve this millenia-old problem, researchers at the University of Maryland are testing a protective coating so thin it can’t be seen. Using atomic layer deposition, they apply nanometer-thick layers of aluminum oxide.
Aldrich Materials Science, a technology offshoot of Sigma-Aldrich, this week announced the start of a collaboration with Agfa Materials to expand their offering of Orgacon conductive polymers for use in high technology applications. The material is geared toward use in applications requiring high conductivity, such as tandem junction solar cells.
A measurement device developed by Finland’s Numcore Oy is based on impedance tomography and produces a 3-D image in real time from the inside of pipelines and tanks used by the process industries. According to the company, the pulp and paper industry could benefit from its use by optimizing its utilization of broke, the discard paper produced from breaks in a continuous mill process.
Valued at more than $12 million, the full pilot-scale carbon fiber process line from New York-based Harper International is part of the DOE’s effort to reduce the cost of carbon fiber and introduce as a high-strength component for a greater variety of products, such as automobiles. The new line at Oak Ridge National Lab will involve the use of low-cost, renewable lignin as a precursor.
In 1997, the U. S Food and Drug Administration banned the decades-old practice of feeding meat and bone meal to livestock. To find a use for the nine billion pounds of now-useless protein meal, researchers have come up with a new process that uses the waste to create bioplastic.
The nuclear crisis in Japan has laid bare an ever-growing problem for the United States — the enormous amounts of still-hot radioactive waste accumulating at commercial nuclear reactors in more than 30 states. A state-by-state study of numbers obtained by the Associated Press finds that the U.S. has almost 71,862 tons of radioactive waste, now stored at power-plant sites.