Researchers at Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory and the Qatar Computing Research Institute have developed new tools that allow people with minimal programming skill to rapidly build cellphone applications that can help with disaster relief.
With the rise of the iPhone, Android and other mobile devices has come a flood of applications designed to help people stay healthy. Food and Drug Administration officials say they will now begin regulating applications and gadgets that work with smartphones to take medical readings and help users monitor their health.
North Carolina State Univ. researchers have developed a way for search engines to provide users with more accurate, personalized search results. The challenge in the past has been how to scale this approach up so that it doesn’t consume massive computer resources. Now the researchers have devised a technique for implementing personalized searches that is more than 100 times more efficient than previous approaches.
Computers will someday soon automatically provide short video digests of a day in your life, your family vacation or an eight-hour police patrol, say computer scientists at the Univ. of Texas at Austin. The researchers are working to develop tools to help make sense of the vast quantities of video that are going to be produced by wearable camera technology such as Google Glass and Looxcie.
From Sept. 16 to 18, 2013, top leaders from the White House and U.S. science agencies and their international colleagues will gather for three days in Washington, D.C., for a major meeting of the Research Data Alliance (RDA). More than 850 researchers and data experts belong to the RDA, which focuses on the development and adoption of common tools, harmonized standards and infrastructure needed for data sharing by researchers.
Richard Van As, a South African carpenter, lost four fingers from his right hand to a circular saw two years ago. He was unable to afford the tens of thousands of dollars to get a myoelectric hand, which detects a muscle's electric impulses to activate an artificial limb. He decided to build his own hand, made from cables, screws and thermoplastic, using only the Internet and a 3-D printer. He has since fitted 170 people with Robohands.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has launched a web-based tool, called ChemView, to significantly improve access to chemical specific regulatory information developed by EPA and data submitted under the Toxic Substances Control Act. The tool displays key health and safety data in an online format that allows comparison of chemicals by use and by health or environmental effects.
A new cloud-based application has been offered by Knovel that integrates technical information from more than 100 engineering publishers and societies with analytical and search tools used by engineers worldwide. Features include intelligent search and flexible architecture for third-party integration.
Mobile devices are an increasingly critical component of modern life, and that trend holds true for laboratories as well. Regardless of industry, the incredible and constantly evolving features on these devices can enable technicians to easily capture new types of data more accurately and from more remote locations.
Maplesoft recently announced the next phase of The Möbius Project, a major initiative to support teaching and learning. The goal of The Möbius Project is to provide innovative new tools to engage students and deepen their comprehension of mathematical concepts. It is also intended to improve assessment by providing a new way for instructors to measure students’ understanding.
Accelrys Inc. has announced that it has acquired ChemSW Inc., an environmental health and safety (EH&S) compliance solutions provider. This acquisition furthers Accelrys’ strategy by providing solutions for managing and tracking the source, use and disposal of chemicals along the entire lab-to-plant value chain.
As cars become more like PCs on wheels, what's to stop a hacker from taking over yours? In recent demonstrations, hackers have shown they can slam a car's brakes at freeway speeds, jerk the steering wheel and even shut down the engine — all from their laptop computers. The hackers are...
Those separated from family and friends by long distances often use video conferencing services such as Skype in order to see each other when talking. But who hasn’t experienced the frustration of your counterpart not making direct eye contact during the conversation? A software prototype from the laboratories ETH Zurich may be able to help by leveraging the color and depth information made available by XBox Kinect cameras.
Computers process information quickly, but they perform sequentially. Because clock speeds have stalled, future performance gains come almost solely from running sets of instructions concurrently. This will force fundamental changes for all computer components, making co-design (collaborative, simultaneous development of all system components) essential. Developed by a team led by Sandia National Laboratories, Mantevo Suite 1.0 is a promising approach to co-design.
Modern, large-scale science requires high-bandwidth, reliable networks that interconnect globally distributed instruments, facilities and collaborators, allowing them to function as if they are one system in one location. This isn’t always possible, so to ensure that scientists can reliably meet the time-critical needs of their research, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory’s Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) developed the On-demand Secure Circuits and Advance Reservation System (OSCARS) 0.6.
Structured Knowledge Space (SKS), developed by MIT Lincoln Laboratory, is an end-to-end software system developed to answer a question that has frustrated national security decision makers: “How do we take advantage of the enormous amounts of information communicated daily through a wide variety of reporting venues?”
For Big Data applications I/O needs to be efficient and scalable so that large data sets can be accessed quickly and fed to applications for processing. With this goal in mind, a team led by Oak Ridge National Laboratory has created ADIOS, a software framework designed to handle the I/O requirements of Big Data projects.
Every person, company and government organization is faced with continuously flowing, massive streams of data that can’t be manually analyzed. Computers help, but the sheer volume of data has foiled many approaches. Software engineers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory have now developed a new way of dealing with this seemingly intractable problem.
Data can be a challenge for many scientists, including entomologists. From bumblebees to blister beetles, the world-class Univ. of Kansas entomology collection numbers 5 million insects pinned in drawers, each one with a tiny printed or handwritten label. A web-accessible and searchable database called Specify has been implemented to help digitize this massive collection.
In a study involving volunteers who agreed to provide information about their feelings and locations, Princeton Univ. researchers found that cell phones can efficiently capture information that is otherwise difficult to record, given today’s on-the-go lifestyle. Using an application built on the Android operating system, they had participant record feelings “in the moment”.
Researchers at Georgia Tech are helping the U.S. military make key changes in how aircraft electronic systems, called avionics, are produced. The effort focuses on modifying the design of avionics software, especially the ways in which it interfaces with an aircraft's hardware and other software. The work is part of the U.S. Navy's Future Airborne Capability Environment (FACE) project.
Vulnerabilities in software and firmware are the easiest ways to attack a system, and two revised publications from NIST approach the problem by providing new guidance for software patching and warding off malware. The new computer security guides to help computer system managers protect their systems.
In complex crisis situations teams of experts must often make difficult decisions within a narrow time frame. However, voluminous amounts of information and the complexity of distributed cognition can hamper the quality and timeliness of decision-making by human teams and lead to catastrophic consequences. A Penn State Univ. team has devised a system that merges human and computer intelligence to support decision-making.
During the Cold War, U.S. and international monitoring agencies could spot nuclear tests and focused on measuring their sizes. Today, they’re looking around the globe to pinpoint much smaller explosives tests. Sandia National Laboratories and Los Alamos National Laboratory have partnered to develop a 3-D model of the Earth’s mantle and crust called SALSA3D, with the purpose to assist in locating explosions.
Few are more excited about Lego's new Mindstorms sets rolling out next month than Silicon Valley engineers. Ostensibly geared toward children age 10 and over, the new Mindstorms will also appeal to professional hackers. The sets will use open source software, Linux, for the first time, and controller apps are integrated for tablets and mobile phones.