Kodak remains the world's biggest film manufacturer, with Japan's Fuji right on its tail. But the consumer and professional films they make have dwindled to a precious few dozen film stocks in a handful of formats, becoming one more factor in a mammoth drop-off in film processing. Digital photography is closing the quality gap with film, and may soon consign the once-ubiquitous technology to the bin containing vinyl records and magnetic tape.
Two digital color cameras riding high on the mast of NASA's next Mars rover will complement each other in showing the surface of Mars in exquisite detail. They are the left and right eyes of the Mast Camera, or Mastcam, instrument on the Curiosity rover of NASA's Mars Science Laboratory mission, launching in late 2011.
As part of its move to strengthen its position and product offerings within the RF market, National Instruments this week has announced the acquisition of Phase Matrix, Inc., a maker of RF and microwave test and measurement equipment, and the definitive merger agreement with AWR Corporation, a maker of design software for RF and wireless technology.
Electrical engineers at Duke Univ. have determined that unique man-made materials should theoretically make it possible to improve the power transfer to small devices, such as laptops or cell phones, or ultimately to larger ones, such as cars or elevators, without wires. This advance is made possible by the recent ability to fabricate metamaterials.
In Science , MIT researchers and their colleagues at the Univ. of Augsburg in Germany report the discovery of a new physical phenomenon that could yield transistors with greatly enhanced capacitance. And that, in turn, could lead to the revival of clock speed as the measure of a computer’s power.
A new sensor recently developed at NIST is hundreds of times faster and more sensitive than other similar technologies, in part because it rotates (or measures) gas molecules at fast rates and high sensitivity. But the key to its rapid detection capability is how it utilizes these terahertz frequencies.
New research paves way for the nanoscale self-assembly of organic building blocks, a promising new route towards the next generation of ultra-small electronic devices.
Semiconductor Research Corp. (SRC), a university-research consortium for semiconductors and related technologies, announced it is leading an effort to address key roadblocks for wide-scale adoption of the emerging 3D integration of integrated circuits (IC) and systems. These new initiatives will develop solutions that address critical reliability and design tool issues and leverage a partnership formed by researchers from universities and the semiconductor industry at large.
A patent battle between two technology heavyweights, Huawei Technologies and ZTE Corp., has entered court as they try to stake their territory in the European mobile phone market. The dispute centers on alleged patent infringement by ZTE on Huawei’s fourth-generation mobile technology. At stake are billions of dollars in future sales.
Researchers at MIT's Media Lab have developed a fundamentally new approach to glasses-free 3D, called HR3D, which they say could double the battery life of devices like the 3DS without compromising screen brightness or resolution.
Valley-based electronics, also known as valleytronics, is one step closer to reality. Two researchers at the Naval Research Laboratory have shown that the valley degree of freedom in graphene can be polarized through scattering off a line defect. Unlike previously proposed valley filters in graphene, which rely on confined structures that have proven hard to achieve experimentally, the present work is based on a naturally occurring line defect that has already been observed.
Researchers at Oregon State Univ. have found a way to use magnetic "nanobeads" to help detect chemical and biological agents, with possible applications in everything from bioterrorism to medical diagnostics, environmental monitoring, or even water and food safety.
A Univ. of Pittsburgh-led team has created a single-electron transistor that provides a building block for new, more powerful computer memories, advanced electronic materials, and the basic components of quantum computers.
NASA has released a trove of data from its sky-mapping mission, allowing scientists and anyone with access to the Internet to peruse millions of galaxies, stars, asteroids and other hard-to-see objects. Many of the targets in the celestial catalog released online this week have been previously observed, but there are significant new discoveries.
The new analyzer offers reliable data capture rates up to 4 Gb/s on the industry’s smallest eye openings: 100 ps to 100 mV. The U4154A AXIe-based logic analyzer module is engineered for working with double data rate memory systems, application-specific ICs, A/D converters, and FPGAs.
The meterless laser measurement concept from Coherent has been expanded with a new range of energy sensors in which all meter electronics are miniaturized and integrated within the sensor head cable.
A shortage of auto parts and other components after Japan's earthquake has stirred unease about two pillars of manufacturing: the country's role as a crucial link in the global supply chain and "just in time" production. The realization that these practices have made companies brittle in the face of natural disasters has some questioning current practices.
Researchers in Germany are introducing a new prototype for intelligent safety monitoring in industrial workplaces that illuminates the entire production hall. The process involves building a 3-D model of the factory and using to eliminate any blind spots where accidents or collisions could occur.
Univ. of Utah researchers built spintronic transistors and used them to align the magnetic spins of electrons for a record period of time in silicon chips at room temperature. The study is a step toward computers, phones, and other spintronic devices that are faster and use less energy than their electronic counterparts.
Chemists at the Univ. of California, Riverside have developed nanoscale-size rods of iron oxide particles in the lab that respond to an external magnetic field in a way that could improve how visual information is displayed in the future.
Physicists at NIST have demonstrated an electromechanical circuit in which microwaves communicate with a vibrating mechanical component 1,000 times more vigorously than achieved before in similar experiments. The microscopic apparatus is a new tool for processing information and potentially could control the motion of a relatively large object at quantum scale.
Tomorrow's nonvolatile memory devices—computer memory that can retain stored information even when not powered—will change electronics, and Cornell Univ. researchers have discovered a new way of measuring and optimizing their performance.
Ultrasensitive electronic skin developed by Stanford researcher Zhenan Bao is getting even better. Now she's demonstrated that it can detect chemicals and biological molecules, in addition to sensing an incredibly light touch. And it can now be powered by a new, stretchable solar cell she's developed in her lab, opening up more applications in clothing, robots, prosthetic limbs, and more.
A prototype implantable eye pressure monitor for glaucoma patients is believed to contain the first complete millimeter-scale computing system. And a compact radio that needs no tuning to find the right frequency could be a key enabler to organizing millimeter-scale systems into wireless sensor networks. Both developments at the Univ. of Michigan are significant milestones in the march toward millimeter-scale computing, believed to be the next electronics frontier.
Gallium nitride (GaN) material holds promise for emerging high-power devices that are more energy efficient than existing technologies—but these GaN devices traditionally break down when exposed to high voltages. Now researchers at North Carolina State Univ. have solved the problem, introducing a buffer that allows the GaN devices to handle 10 times greater power.