Ferroelectric random access memory or FRAM, is a non-volatile memory that can retain data without power. The device operates when ferroelectric materials switch polarity in an electric field.
A few years ago, Internet connections were so slow in Indonesia that a YouTube clip took 20 minutes to download. Now, the nation of 240 million people is a leader in social networking use, attracting investors and prompting an explosion of start-ups. Experts wonder: Will this growth last?
The new TC Cloud service from Fujitsu, which will be introduced in phases beginning in the third quarter of 2011, is comprised of three services, including a platform for conducting analytical simulations, and analytical applications service, and an analytical help desk, which provides support for setting up and running analytical simulations.
In a new paper authored by California Institute of Technology scientists, researchers describe a new technique to isolate light signals on a silicon chip. The breakthrough resembles the function of a diode on an electronic chip, which isolates signals to prevent interference, and it’s one that scientists have been pursuing for 20 years.
Cheap and readily available, silicon is an attractive choice for integrated photonic circuits. However, silicon suffers high optical loss, so researchers in Singapore have built a new chip that integrates, in addition to a laser, an optical grating that provides gain and steady output wavelengths.
The U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory and Verizon signed a memorandum of understanding that could lead to the development of new innovative ways to reduce energy use in the information and communications technology industry.
Taking advantage of the unique properties of zinc oxide nanowires, researchers have demonstrated a new type of piezoelectric resistive switching device in which the write-read access of memory cells is controlled by electromechanical modulation. Operating on flexible substrates, arrays of these devices could provide a new way to interface the mechanical actions of the biological world to conventional electronic circuitry.
Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have developed a computational model for analyzing the metabolic processes in rapeseed plants—particularly those related to the production of oils in their seeds. Their goal is to find ways to optimize the production of plant oils that have widespread potential as renewable resources for fuel and industrial chemicals.
After earning an R&D 100 Award in 2010 for its continuous water quality analysis software system, aptly dubbed CANARY, Sandia National Laboratories reports that a number of cities from Cincinnati to Singapore are now using it, and they believe the free software could benefit a great many more utilities.
Researchers from IBM demonstrated the future of large-scale storage systems by successfully scanning 10 billion files on a single system in just 43 minutes, shattering the previous record of one billion files in three hours by a factor of 37.
The Cornell University Center for Advanced Computing (CAC) announced that it is testing the performance of general-purpose GPUs with MATLAB applications in a new research collaboration with NVIDIA, Dell, and MathWorks.
A team of engineering students at The Ohio State University’s (OSU) Center for Automotive Research (CAR) recently began running aerodynamics simulations at the Ohio Supercomputer Center (OSC), one of the first steps in the long and careful process of designing, building, and racing the fourth iteration of their alternative-fuel streamliner.
Scientists have taken the next major step toward quantum computing, using quantum mechanics to revolutionize the way information is processed. Using high-magnetic fields, a University of Southern California team managed to supress decoherence, one of the key stumbling blocks in quantum computing.
In its initial phase, the new $62 million Advanced Networking Initiative will connect the three DOE unclassified supercomputing centers. But it will lead to a nationwide 100 Gbps scientific network, and eventually a 1-terabit network connecting the Dept. of Energy’s exascale supercomputers.
In a broad new cybersecurity strategy released Thursday, the Defense Department formally declared cyberspace a new warfare domain. As part of the plan, the Pentagon is developing more resilient computer networks so the military can continue to operate if critical systems are breached or taken down.
Ohio State University researchers are leveraging powerful supercomputers to investigate one of the key observational probes of "dark energy," the mysterious energy form that is causing the expansion of the universe to accelerate over time.
The nucleus of an atom, like most everything else, is more complicated than we first thought. Just how much more complicated is the subject of a Petascale Early Science project led by Oak Ridge National Laboratory's David Dean. According to findings outlined in Physical Review Letters , researchers who want to understand how and why a nucleus hangs together as it does and disintegrates when and how it does have a very tough job ahead of them.
In the frame of its research on future memory architectures, imec has made breakthroughs for both DRAM and RRAM memories.
Upon first glance, USC’s Cyrus Shahabi’s maps contain the typical landmarks we've become accustomed to seeing on Yahoo or Google Maps. But a closer look reveals maps pulsing with images of moving cars, scenes of bustling people, and shifting colors of changing traffic patterns, all in real time. The concept of geo-immersion is beginning to blend the real and virtual worlds together.
An augmented reality solution developed by engineers in Germany is designed to allow technicians to record malfunctioning machines with a camera fixed to the back of a laptop monitor attached to a swivel arm. The system lets technicians perform repairs with the help of visual aids, and without having to interrupt their work by talking on the telephone.
Four months after launching the alpha version, CERN has issued version 1.1 of the Open Hardware Licence (OHL), a legal framework to facilitate knowledge exchange across the electronic design community.
Sandia National Laboratories has developed a new technology with the potential to alter the air-cooling landscape in computing and microelectronics. Lab officials are now seeking licensees in the electronics chip cooling field to license and commercialize the device.
As the world focused on the ongoing crisis in the Gulf of Mexico after the blowout of BP’s Deepwater Horizon Macondo well, Berkeley Lab researchers dropped everything to estimate how much oil was flowing from the mangled wellhead. Computational modeling generated a relatively accurate measurement within days, and their has prompted new discoveries about flow based on reservoir permeability and other factors.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has mandated that by 2020, all commercial aircraft must be equipped with a new tracking system that broadcasts GPS data, providing more accurate location information than ground-based radar. In anticipation of the deadline, the FAA has also charged Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) researchers with leading an investigation of the system’s limits and capacities.
Future computers may rely on magnetic microprocessors that consume the least amount of energy allowed by the laws of physics, according to an analysis by University of California, Berkeley, electrical engineers.