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Modeling plant metabolism to optimize oil production

July 26, 2011 5:29 am | News | Comments

Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have developed a computational model for analyzing the metabolic processes in rapeseed plants—particularly those related to the production of oils in their seeds. Their goal is to find ways to optimize the production of plant oils that have widespread potential as renewable resources for fuel and industrial chemicals.

CANARY in the computer protects water from terrorism, contaminants

July 25, 2011 6:29 am | News | Comments

After earning an R&D 100 Award in 2010 for its continuous water quality analysis software system, aptly dubbed CANARY, Sandia National Laboratories reports that a number of cities from Cincinnati to Singapore are now using it, and they believe the free software could benefit a great many more utilities.

Researchers demonstrate breakthrough storage performance

July 22, 2011 7:30 am | News | Comments

Researchers from IBM demonstrated the future of large-scale storage systems by successfully scanning 10 billion files on a single system in just 43 minutes, shattering the previous record of one billion files in three hours by a factor of 37.

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Cornell collaboration to explore GPU computing using MATLAB

July 22, 2011 6:44 am | News | Comments

The Cornell University Center for Advanced Computing (CAC) announced that it is testing the performance of general-purpose GPUs with MATLAB applications in a new research collaboration with NVIDIA, Dell, and MathWorks.

OSC lifts OSU land speed racer toward 400-mph goal

July 22, 2011 6:27 am | News | Comments

A team of engineering students at The Ohio State University’s (OSU) Center for Automotive Research (CAR) recently began running aerodynamics simulations at the Ohio Supercomputer Center (OSC), one of the first steps in the long and careful process of designing, building, and racing the fourth iteration of their alternative-fuel streamliner.

USC scientists contribute to a breakthrough in quantum computing

July 21, 2011 6:46 am | News | Comments

Scientists have taken the next major step toward quantum computing, using quantum mechanics to revolutionize the way information is processed. Using high-magnetic fields, a University of Southern California team managed to supress decoherence, one of the key stumbling blocks in quantum computing.

Berkeley Lab lays foundation for 100 GBps prototype network

July 15, 2011 7:33 am | News | Comments

In its initial phase, the new $62 million Advanced Networking Initiative will connect the three DOE unclassified supercomputing centers. But it will lead to a nationwide 100 Gbps scientific network, and eventually a 1-terabit network connecting the Dept. of Energy’s exascale supercomputers.

Pentagon publishes strategy for cyberspace wars

July 14, 2011 12:24 pm | by Lolita C. Baldor, Associated Press | News | Comments

In a broad new cybersecurity strategy released Thursday, the Defense Department formally declared cyberspace a new warfare domain. As part of the plan, the Pentagon is developing more resilient computer networks so the military can continue to operate if critical systems are breached or taken down.

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Scientists model physics of a key dark-energy probe

July 13, 2011 6:34 am | News | Comments

Ohio State University researchers are leveraging powerful supercomputers to investigate one of the key observational probes of "dark energy," the mysterious energy form that is causing the expansion of the universe to accelerate over time.

It takes three to tango

July 13, 2011 5:47 am | News | Comments

The nucleus of an atom, like most everything else, is more complicated than we first thought. Just how much more complicated is the subject of a Petascale Early Science project led by Oak Ridge National Laboratory's David Dean. According to findings outlined in Physical Review Letters , researchers who want to understand how and why a nucleus hangs together as it does and disintegrates when and how it does have a very tough job ahead of them.

Imec achieves breakthroughs in enabling future DRAM, RRAM

July 12, 2011 7:59 am | News | Comments

In the frame of its research on future memory architectures, imec has made breakthroughs for both DRAM and RRAM memories.

Geo-immersion tech allows virtual travel in real time

July 11, 2011 1:11 pm | by Miles O’Brien | News | Comments

Upon first glance, USC’s Cyrus Shahabi’s maps contain the typical landmarks we've become accustomed to seeing on Yahoo or Google Maps. But a closer look reveals maps pulsing with images of moving cars, scenes of bustling people, and shifting colors of changing traffic patterns, all in real time. The concept of geo-immersion is beginning to blend the real and virtual worlds together.

Cameras supply expert help from a distance

July 11, 2011 9:00 am | News | Comments

An augmented reality solution developed by engineers in Germany is designed to allow technicians to record malfunctioning machines with a camera fixed to the back of a laptop monitor attached to a swivel arm. The system lets technicians perform repairs with the help of visual aids, and without having to interrupt their work by talking on the telephone.

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CERN launches Open Hardware Initiative

July 8, 2011 7:54 am | News | Comments

Four months after launching the alpha version, CERN has issued version 1.1 of the Open Hardware Licence (OHL), a legal framework to facilitate knowledge exchange across the electronic design community.

Critics say NASA ignoring its 'backup plan' rule

July 8, 2011 7:40 am | by Seth Borenstein, AP Science Writer | News | Comments

Even as the space shuttle Atlantis has lifted off without a back-up shuttle available for a rescue mission, NASA itself lacks an independent option for reaching space. Designs from private developers may take years to perfect, leaving Soyuz as the only way to reach the International Space Station. Some experts and even former astronauts say that’s a violation of NASA’s own design criteria.

Fundamental breakthrough in heat transfer for microelectronics

July 8, 2011 4:55 am | News | Comments

Sandia National Laboratories has developed a new technology with the potential to alter the air-cooling landscape in computing and microelectronics. Lab officials are now seeking licensees in the electronics chip cooling field to license and commercialize the device.

Looking back on the race to estimate oil flow from Deepwater Horizon

July 7, 2011 9:25 am | by Dan Krotz | News | Comments

As the world focused on the ongoing crisis in the Gulf of Mexico after the blowout of BP’s Deepwater Horizon Macondo well, Berkeley Lab researchers dropped everything to estimate how much oil was flowing from the mangled wellhead. Computational modeling generated a relatively accurate measurement within days, and their has prompted new discoveries about flow based on reservoir permeability and other factors.

Preventing midair collisions

July 5, 2011 4:13 am | by Larry Hardesty, MIT News Office | News | Comments

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has mandated that by 2020, all commercial aircraft must be equipped with a new tracking system that broadcasts GPS data, providing more accurate location information than ground-based radar. In anticipation of the deadline, the FAA has also charged Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) researchers with leading an investigation of the system’s limits and capacities.

Magnetic memory and logic could achieve ultimate energy efficiency

July 1, 2011 7:46 am | News | Comments

Future computers may rely on magnetic microprocessors that consume the least amount of energy allowed by the laws of physics, according to an analysis by University of California, Berkeley, electrical engineers.

LLNL opens HPC Innovation Center

July 1, 2011 4:11 am | News | Comments

In an initiative that aims to boost the nation's economic competitiveness, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory announced the opening of the High Performance Computing Innovation Center (HPCIC). The innovation center will facilitate national lab/industry collaboration, applying high performance computing to product design, development, and manufacturing; data management; and the operation of complex energy and communication systems.

IBM jumps big hurdle in phase-change memory development

June 30, 2011 8:43 am | by Paul Livingtone | News | Comments

Phase-change memory, which uses the resistance change that occur when a material changes state to store bits, has been heralded as a potential replacement for flash memory, but it has been hampered by reliability. Now, for the first time, IBM Research scientists have demonstrated  the ability to store multiple data bits per cell. And they've done it 100 times faster than flash memory can.

Increased production of sulfur compound tied to climate change

June 24, 2011 11:53 am | News | Comments

An organic compound that smells like cabbage and has been called the "smell of the sea" could be more sensitive to global climate change than commonly believed. In a recent report, a Livermore researcher, along with colleagues from Los Alamos and Oak Ridge national laboratories and the New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, found through computer modeling that dimethyl sulfide (DMS) will increase significantly in certain parts of the ocean and decrease in others if the world continues with a business-as-usual fossil fuel dependency.

Putting a new spin on computing

June 22, 2011 4:20 am | News | Comments

Physicists at the Univ. of Arizona have proposed a way to translate the elusive magnetic spin of electrons into easily measurable electric signals. The finding is a key step in the development of computing based on spintronics, which doesn't rely on electron charge to digitize information.

Fujitsu announces Engineering Cloud for new era in manufacturing

June 21, 2011 6:06 am | News | Comments

Fujitsu announced its "Engineering Cloud" concept, a next-generation manufacturing environment offered in the form of cloud-based services from Fujitsu's datacenters. The Engineering Cloud will support the manufacturing sector with a combination of Fujitsu's own engineering-support software—CAD and analytic software, as well as parts database software—with a suite of new services to transform the manufacturing process.

Fourier key to new human-like computer vision

June 21, 2011 4:21 am | News | Comments

Two new techniques for computer-vision technology mimic how humans perceive three-dimensional shapes by instantly recognizing objects no matter how they are twisted or bent, an advance that could help machines see more like people.

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