Electron microscopy with mechanical testing in situ has allowed Berkeley Lab scientists and their colleagues at UC Berkeley and Los Alamos National Laboratory to devise a technique for testing irradiated materials on the nanoscale that yields results on the macroscale. The technique could accelerate new materials for nuclear power applications and improve testing of nuclear power plants already in service.
An organic compound that smells like cabbage and has been called the "smell of the sea" could be more sensitive to global climate change than commonly believed. In a recent report, a Livermore researcher, along with colleagues from Los Alamos and Oak Ridge national laboratories and the New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, found through computer modeling that dimethyl sulfide (DMS) will increase significantly in certain parts of the ocean and decrease in others if the world continues with a business-as-usual fossil fuel dependency.
The first oxygen and nitrogen isotopic measurements of the sun are complete, demonstrating that they are very different from the same elements on Earth. These results were the top two priorities of NASA's Genesis mission, which crashed on reentry to Earth. But the Los Alamos National Laboratory's Solar Wind Concentrator survived the crash and eventually yielded today's solar secrets.
In collaboration with a Texas-based research facility, Los Alamos National Lab researchers conducted the first pilot-scale test of algae growth using saline water from an oil-production. This so-called produced water is sourced from mining operations and used to grow salt-tolerant algae for biofuel.
The long-held, but unproven idea that helium-4 enters into an exotic phase of matter dubbed a "supersolid" when cooled to extremely low temperatures has been challenged in a new paper published recently in Science .
The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) announced that researchers from Sandia and Los Alamos national laboratories have completed their second experiment in the past six months at Sandia's Z machine to explore the properties of plutonium materials under extreme pressures and temperatures.
Berkeley Lab scientists have developed one of the most detailed pictures yet of how climate change could impact millions of tons of methane frozen in sediment beneath the Arctic Ocean. They found that methane could seep into the Arctic Ocean and gradually overwhelm the marine environment’s ability to break down the gas.
A Rice Univ.-led team of physicists this week offered up one of the first theoretical explanations of how two dissimilar types of high-temperature superconductors behave in similar ways.
Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists have developed a way to avoid the use of expensive platinum in hydrogen fuel cells, the environmentally friendly devices that might replace current power sources in everything from personal data devices to automobiles.
Researchers have revealed a new single-stage method for recharging the hydrogen storage compound ammonia borane. The breakthrough makes hydrogen a more attractive fuel for vehicles and other transportation modes.
As researchers scramble to deliver R&D results and bring products to market, they are turning to high-performance computing. Vendors are competing for their business. Can everyone adapt to the cloud?
For nearly a century, nobody knew how the little molecule that’s in the middle of many of today’s hydrogen storage and release concepts was organized. Through a combination of nuclear magnetic resonance and neutron diffraction techniques, researchers at two DOE laboratories have deciphered the deceptively simple crystal structure.
Scientists at Los Alamos National Lab, N.M., have achieved a remarkable breakthrough with the Office of Naval Research's Free Electron Laser (FEL) program, demonstrating an injector capable of producing the electrons needed to generate megawatt-class laser beams for the Navy's next-generation weapon system.
Part 8 of R&D Magazine's 2010 executive roundtable. What do you think the next great invention will be?
Part 7 of R&D Magazine's 2010 executive roundtable. In your point of view, what are some of the greatest threats to R&D in the U.S. right now? Are these roadblocks experienced by your organization, and, if so, how are you dealing with them?
Part 6 of R&D Magazine's 2010 executive roundtable. What specifics discoveries or breakthroughs has your organization made that embody the spirit of innovation? Please describe the support for these technologies your organization has had for sponsor or collaborators? Finally, please describe your funding situation.
Part 5 of R&D Magazine's 2010 executive roundtable. Where do you see real innovations taking place, and what are the geographical locations or industries do you see benefiting from innovation?
Part 4 of R&D Magazine's 2010 executive roundtable. Many R&D organizations are seeing a greater collaboration and partnership activity. Are you seeing this trend? If so, what are some of the forces behind it, and how is it affecting your organization?
Part 3 of R&D Magazine's 2010 executive roundtable. Describe your organization’s staffing and recruiting challenges as you see them now.
Part 2 of R&D Magazine's 2010 executive roundtable. What one word would you use to describe the current state of industrial research?
Today’s economic and employment realities drive research organizations to develop new strategies.
The Tianhe-1A supercomputer assumed top dog status in the global list of the 500 fastest supercomputers, but it won't stay there for long as IBM has a 20-petaflop machine up its sleeve. But with grid computing gaining traction, do we really even need supercomputers?
Algae-based fuels hold the promise of a renewable biofuel that is eco-friendly, cost-effective, and scalable. The Ultrasonic Algal Biofuel Harvester from Los Alamos National Laboratory uses ultrasonic fields to harvest and extract from algae its lipids and proteins and recover the water.
A new synthesis method from Los Alamos National Laboratory has solved previous problems with a promising secondary explosive called DAAF. In using non-toxic ingredients to make DAAFox: Environmentally Friendly Secondary Explosive, a stable, powerful, environmentally friendly explosive was created.
The world’s fastest and most flexible movie camera, Los Alamos National Laboratory’s MOXIE: Movies of eXtreme Imaging Experiments is unique in that it can simultaneously provide both the highest photographic speed and the highest physical speed without compromising either.