Part 5 of R&D Magazine's 2010 executive roundtable. Where do you see real innovations taking place, and what are the geographical locations or industries do you see benefiting from innovation?
Part 4 of R&D Magazine's 2010 executive roundtable. Many R&D organizations are seeing a greater collaboration and partnership activity. Are you seeing this trend? If so, what are some of the forces behind it, and how is it affecting your organization?
Part 3 of R&D Magazine's 2010 executive roundtable. Describe your organization’s staffing and recruiting challenges as you see them now.
Part 2 of R&D Magazine's 2010 executive roundtable. What one word would you use to describe the current state of industrial research?
Today’s economic and employment realities drive research organizations to develop new strategies.
The Tianhe-1A supercomputer assumed top dog status in the global list of the 500 fastest supercomputers, but it won't stay there for long as IBM has a 20-petaflop machine up its sleeve. But with grid computing gaining traction, do we really even need supercomputers?
Algae-based fuels hold the promise of a renewable biofuel that is eco-friendly, cost-effective, and scalable. The Ultrasonic Algal Biofuel Harvester from Los Alamos National Laboratory uses ultrasonic fields to harvest and extract from algae its lipids and proteins and recover the water.
A new synthesis method from Los Alamos National Laboratory has solved previous problems with a promising secondary explosive called DAAF. In using non-toxic ingredients to make DAAFox: Environmentally Friendly Secondary Explosive, a stable, powerful, environmentally friendly explosive was created.
The world’s fastest and most flexible movie camera, Los Alamos National Laboratory’s MOXIE: Movies of eXtreme Imaging Experiments is unique in that it can simultaneously provide both the highest photographic speed and the highest physical speed without compromising either.
Los Alamos National Laboratory has developed its Solution Deposition Planarization (SDP) process in an effort to reduce the production costs of superconducting wire, and support much higher power densities.
Los Alamos National Laboratory has solved a difficult engineering problem with Ultraconductus, a process that involves growing long-length metallic nanotubes while simultaneously cladding them within a metal matrix, increasing the net electrical conductivity of the metal matrix by at least 100 times.
To say that the outlook for government R&D laboratory executives is brighter for 2010 than 2009 would be a great understatement. At this time last year most laboratories were scrambling to adjust to a short-term financial upheaval brought about by an across-the-board freeze on budgets until March 2009.
A team of researchers at National Security Technologies (NSTec) LLC (Los Alamos, N.M and Santa Barbara, Calif.) and Los Alamos National Laboratory (Los Alamos, N.M.) produced a holographic imaging device that can help scientists study various materials surfaces under shock-loaded conditions.
Lasonix, a new technology from Los Alamos National Laboratory (Los Alamos, N.M.), can be used to grow and fabricate semiconductor, metallic, and insulating structures in three dimensions while controlling their composition, doping levels, and crystal structure.
The SIMTECHE CO2 Capture Process from Los Alamos National Laboratory (Los Alamos, N.M.) and SIMTECHE (Redding, Calif.) provides low-cost CO2 separation and compression capable of removing 65% to 90% or more of the CO2 emitted by fossil fuel power plants and other operations.
Los Alamos National Laboratory (Los Alamos, N.M.) designed MagViz to help make the separate airport security screening of containers of liquids unnecessary.
The upcoming changes in government leadership will create temporary issues in the government’s network of research labs until new strategies are defined and funded.
Fluorescence microscopy has already shown its great value in following the position of quantum dots, organic dyes, and fluorescent proteins. But revealing movements in three dimensions, with real-time observation, hadn’t surfaced until the recent development of the 3-D Tracking Microscope by researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory (Los Alamos, N.M.). This microscope builds on a laser-scanning confocal architecture, but differs in that optical fibers are used as spatial filters for four circular “pinholes”.
Laser-Weave is a process that uses lasers to grow inorganic fibers and simultaneously weave them into finished cables, fabrics, and composites that have improved strength and elasticity. Developed by James Maxwell at Los Alamos National Laboratory (Los Alamos, N.M.), Laser-Weave combines monofilament formation with braiding or weaving, resulting in a single operation.
Little did Louis Lumiere, the inventor of the first motion picture camera, know that one day there would be a camera able to capture pictures at exposure times as short as 50 nsec. Created by researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory (Los Alamos, N.M.), in conjunction with Teledyne Imaging Sensors (Camarillo, Calif.), the Camera on a Chip makes radiographic movies of ultrafast phenomena, using protons in place of x-rays as the illuminating source.
A research team at Los Alamos National Laboratory (Los Alamos, N.M.) and Acoustic Cytometry Systems (Santa Fe, N.M.), has created a system, the Portable Acoustic Cytometer (PAC), which is a fully capable miniature flow cytometer that uses a piezoceramic acoustic source to reduce the size, complexity, and cost of the device. The PAC replaces the traditional hydrodynamic flow cytometer focusing with acoustic focusing.
Los Alamos National Laboratory (Los Alamos, N.M.) developed Green Primaries: Enviro-Friendly Energetic Materials, novel explosive compounds that are environmentally friendly and nontoxic to human health, yet they also possess all the physical and chemical properties and sensitivities required of primary explosives.
High-power microwave tubes are used in a variety of applications including defense radar systems, satellite communication systems, particle accelerators, and even deep space communication systems. The design requirements, and indeed, the overall effectiveness of these tubes, however, can be extraordinarily complex to build, leading to the use of specialized finite element simulation software. MICHELLE, is a response to that effort.
By subjecting a confined volume of oxygen or nitrogen gas to a powerful laser, ENABLE: Energetic Neutral Atom Beam Lithography/Epitaxy, developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory (Los Alamos, N.M.), by Mark Hoffbauer, Alexander Mueller, and Elshan Akhadov, creates a plasma from which high kinetic-energy neutral atoms are then extracted and collimated. The resulting collimated beam is then used to directly activate surface chemical reactions, forming the basis.
The volume of data being generated in today’s research schemes has placed ever-increasing demands on the computing infrastructure backing these efforts. Image and visualization data sets, for their part, are by their very nature quite large (i.e., terabytes to petabytes), which makes the task of processing all this data potentially enormous. Los Alamos National Laboratory (Los Alamos, N.M.) has taken on that challenge with the creation of PixelVizion: An NPU-Embedded Visualization Accelerator for Large Data Sets, the first network processor unit (NPU)-based computer visualization tool.