Penicillin and its descendants once ruled supreme over bacteria. Then the bugs got stronger, and hospitals have reported bacterial infections so virulent that even powerful antibiotics held in reserve for these cases don't work. To create the next line of defense against the most drug-resistant pathogens, scientists at Argonne National Laboratory and Texas A&M University have decoded the structure of a protein that confers drug resistance against our best antibiotics.
After only a few months of work, a small group of researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory has successfully scaled up the production of a new molecule that protects advanced lithium-ion batteries from thermal overcharge.
Argonne nanoscientists have invented a better etching technique that combines new tricks with an old technology. The scientists say the technique has the potential to revolutionize how patterns are transferred onto different materials, paving a new approach for the next generation of energy, electronics, and memory technologies.
Argonne National Laboratory and Eurisko Scientific LLC have introduced an Enhanced Renewable Methane Production System for anaerobic digesters that improves methane quality and sequesters carbon dioxide, improving on efficiencies of current technologies.
Engineers at Argonne National Laboratory have developed a new type of composite ceramic film capacitor that addresses the thermal limitations of materials currently used in electric vehicles, allowing far higher operating temperatures and volumetric efficiency.
The Photoacoustic Spectroscopy (PAS) System for Remote Detection of Explosives and Chemicals, from Argonne National Laboratory, remotely detects chemicals and explosives using both PAS and open-field acoustic resonator techniques.
Physicists at the Argonne National Laboratory have coaxed microrobots to do their bidding. The robots, just half a millimeter wide, are composed of microparticles. Confined between two liquids, they assemble themselves into star shapes when an alternating magnetic field is applied.
A multi-institutional team has been awarded government funding to create out of many separate streams of biological information a single, integrated cyber-"knowledgebase" (called Kbase) focused specifically on two fundamentally important forms of life.
Imagine a battery that truly does keep on going and going—and not for just a few years, but close to decades. At Argonne National Laboratory, materials scientist Daniel Abraham works to do just that for lithium-ion batteries.
Plutonium gets taken up by our cells much as iron does, even though there's far less of it to go around. Researchers at Argonne National Laboratory and Northwestern University have identified a new biological pathway by which plutonium finds its way into mammalian cells. The researchers learned that, to get into cells, plutonium acts like a "Trojan horse," duping a special membrane protein that is typically responsible for taking up iron.
Brookhaven National Laboratory researchers are using high-frequency sound waves in conjunction with extremely bright X-rays to get a look at the atomic structures of the complex biological molecules that make our bodies work.
A multidisciplinary team of researchers at Argonne National Laboratory is working to develop advanced energy storage technologies to aid the growth of a nascent U.S. battery manufacturing industry, help transition the U.S. automotive fleet to one dominated by plug-in hybrid and electric passenger vehicles, and enable greater use of renewable energy technologies.
Recent discussions of methods by which biomass—grasses, trees, and other vegetation—could be turned into fuel makes a lot of sense in theory. Plant matter is composed of energy-intensive carbohydrates, but even now scientists still don't have the perfect solution for converting plant sugars into combustible fuels.
The humble alga, hated by boaters and pool owners, may someday help provide us with the raw machinery to power our appliances. A group of scientists at Argonne National Laboratory, led by chemist Lisa Utschig, has linked platinum nanoparticles with algae proteins, commandeering photosynthesis to produce hydrogen instead. The system produces hydrogen at a rate five times greater than the previous record-setting method.
Radioactive dating is used to determine everything from the age of dinosaur fossils to Native American arrowheads. A new technique recently developed at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory may give researchers another tool for radioactive dating that could be of particular use in studying the history of climate change.
It may be hard to believe, but the beloved gasoline engine that powers more than 200 million cars across America every day didn't get its status because it's the most efficient engine. Diesel engines can be more than twice as efficient, but they spew soot and pollutants into the air. Could researchers at Argonne National Laboratory engineer a union between the two—combining the best of both?
Argonne National Laboratory (Argonne, Ill.) has recently commercialized its lithium-rich composite cathode technology for lithium-ion batteries with licenses to GM, Envia, Toda Kogyo, LG Chem, and BASF.
Government lab executives comment on pressing topics.
Last week, a stream of highly unusual ions shot through a tiny nozzle at 76 million miles per hour—and CARIBU, a facility designed to study special nuclei normally only created in stars, officially opened for business.
The battle against deadly staph infections is closer to victory as Illinois researchers have uncovered secrets of how the bacterium protects itself from human immune attacks, which could lead to more effective anti-staph therapies.
Berkeley Lab researchers have enhanced the spontaneous magnetization in a special form of multiferroic bismuth ferrite. What’s more, they can turn this magnetization “on/off” through the application of an external electric field, an ability for the advancement of spintronic technology.
Argonne National Laboratory and Nalco Company have reached a licensing agreement for an electrodeionization technology that will help reduce the cost of producing clean energy and of the chemicals and water used in industry. The separations technology can process biomass-based feedstocks into biofuels and chemicals.
A multi-institutional team has made fundamental discoveries at the border regions, called interfaces, between oxide materials. Led by Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison materials science and engineering professor Chang-Beom Eom, the team has discovered how to manipulate electrons oxide interfaces by inserting a single layer of atoms. The researchers also have discovered unusual electron behaviors at these engineered interfaces.
Analysis of the $3.8 trillion proposed budget is beginning to flow, and early reports of its impact on research and innovation is positive, at least from the perspective of scientists. The president placed priorities on energy and medical research, which explains why standout winners in the budget plan include the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation, and U.S. Dept of Energy.
Researchers at the Argonne National Laboratory in partnership with an analyst at Gartner, Inc. have developed a new and more instructive approach to calculate the lifetime cost for a solar-generated energy system for comparison to other energy systems.