Around 400 BC, Hippocrates was among the first people in recorded history to postulate the brain as the seat of sensation and intelligence. Yet only in the last 100 years have we identified, and closely studied, its key building block: the neuron. A highly specialized cell found in all but the simplest animals, like sponges, the neuron is one of the keys to understanding the brain.
R&D Magazine introduced its annual Scientist of the Year Award winner, Dr. Karl...
Popping the blisters on the bubble wrap might be...
In the late 1980s, when setting up his first laboratory, an asst. prof. of chemistry at the Univ. of South Carolina had a conversation with a scientist at IBM Yorktown, Avi Aviram, who had recently authored a paper speculating on a new type of perpendicularly shaped molecule that, if artificially created and equipped with active sensing points, could be used as a molecular switch for computing.
Each year, the editors of R&D Magazine chooses a scientist they believe embodies the spirit of research and development. For his accomplishments in both the laboratory and as a leader of the world’s largest federal body devoted to energy research, we honor Rice University’s T. T. and W. F. Chao Professor of Chemistry James M. Tour, the 2013 R&D Magazine Scientist of the Year.
Arlington, Virg.-based Industrial Research Institute (IRI) will be awarding Dr. Robert S. Langer and Dr. George M. Whitesides with the 2013 IRI Medal at its upcoming Diamond Jubilee celebration in May 2013. Both chemists, Whitesides (2008 R&D Magazine Scientist of the Year) and Langer (2012 R&D Magazine Scientist of the Year) are being recognized for their ground-breaking and pioneering work in their fields.
From an early age, the 2012 Scientist of the Year knew that his knowledge of chemistry could make a difference in medicine. He’s still exploring just how much impact that can be.
Even as the United States' top energy official, R&D Magazine ’s 2011 Scientist of the Year Steven Chu keeps science close to home.
Not resting after a career full of achievement, Richard D. Smith is leading the charge toward the first comprehensive molecular characterization and modeling of biological systems.
Over the last three decades, Richard D. Smith, director of proteomics at the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), has made numerous fundamental advances in mass spectrometry (MS) and the emerging field of proteomics.
For years, R&D Magazine has been honoring the scientists and researchers behind some of the greatest innovations and discoveries in science with the Innovator of the Year and Scientist of the Year Awards. This year is no exception; R&D Magazine is again turning to the R&D community to help us identify the best minds in research and development by nominating candidates for our Scientist of the Year, Innovator of the Year, and Young Innovator of Year awards.
The best way to find out what someone wants is to ask. In surveys, we asked readers about the tools they use in their research, what they like, what they don’t like, and improvements they would like to see. Then, we asked the companies that develop these tools to describe what they offer, and what they are doing to meet market demands.
By keeping an open mind and irrepressible optimism, the 2009 R&D Magazine Scientist of the Year helped Dow AgroSciences pioneer a new, green insect control technology.
By some estimates, there are more than a million insect species in this world. Only a small percentage of this number is detrimental to the quality of our lives, but these are the species that drive research by scientists like Dr. Thomas C. Sparks, R&D Magazine’s 44th Scientist of the Year. The entomologist’s job is to know these insects, even down to the molecular level, to discover ways to keep them from destroying a very precious commodity: our food.
Before genomics, before computer software, and long before computer-aided chromatographs, a typical day in the chemistry lab involved arduous work. What might take minutes today required weeks a few decades ago, a fact well-known to George M. Whitesides who learned the chemist's trade as a teenager in his father's lab, studying compounds for rope treatments and enhancements to concrete.
Dr. Gerald Rubin is a researcher who works to understand the genomic structure of the Drosophila melanogaster, or common fruit fly. Rubin is also Vice President and Director of the Janelia Farm Research Campus (JFRC), the recently opened research facility of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI), Chevy Chase, Md.
The world is faced with tremendous medical challengesthat now, all too often, have come to include the wordpandemic. Consider the fact that HIV/AIDS, malaria,and tuberculosis alone are directly responsible formore than 4 million deaths per year.
When George Poste left SmithKline Beecham in late-1999 after nearly 20 years of running many of their R&D operations, he thought that his future commuting route would be a lot different than his nearly weekly trips between SmithKline's headquarters in Philadelphia and its offices in Europe. "I had what I called my three-S triangle-Scottsdale (Ariz.), San Francisco, and San Diego," he explains. "That was going to be my commuting triangle and I would interact with a series of biotech companies in those cities and have more time to explore the landscape of Arizona."
Eric Lander has a very simple goal in lifeall he wants is to know everything there is to know about the human genome. And he believes he can do it. Eric Lander is director of the MIT Center for Genome Research at the Whitehead Institute in Cambridge, Massachusetts.