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Researchers help rethink smartphone design with computational sprinting

February 28, 2012 9:07 am | News | Comments

Computational sprinting is a new approach to smartphone power and cooling that could give users dramatic, brief bursts of computing capability to improve current applications and make new ones possible. Its developers at the University of Pennsylvania and the University of Michigan are pushing mobile chips beyond their sustainable operating limits, much like a sprinter who runs extremely fast for a relatively short distance.

Fastest wind from stellar-mass black hole discovered

February 22, 2012 11:25 am | News | Comments

The fastest wind ever discovered blowing off a disk around a stellar-mass black hole has been observed by a team of astronomers. Using NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory they clocked the record-breaking super wind at about 20 million mph, or about 3% of the speed of light.

Energy-recycling computer technology goes global

February 21, 2012 6:21 am | News | Comments

An energy-recycling computer circuit born at the University of Michigan will enable a new generation of power-efficient laptop PCs and servers. Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) announced that the company's forthcoming 64-bit processor core, dubbed Piledriver, incorporates the technology.

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Research initiative will study best approaches for quantum memories

February 16, 2012 4:49 am | News | Comments

The United States Air Force Office of Scientific Research has awarded $8.5 million to a consortium of seven U.S. universities that will work together to determine the best approach for generating quantum memories based on interaction between light and matter. The team will consider three different approaches for creating entangled quantum memories that could facilitate the long-distance transmission of secure information.

U-M human embryonic stem cell line placed on national registry

February 15, 2012 5:58 am | News | Comments

The University of Michigan's first human embryonic stem cell line will be placed on the U.S. National Institutes of Health's registry, making the cells available for federally funded research. It is the first of the stem cell lines derived at the University of Michigan to be placed on the registry.

Liquid lasers help detect genes linked to cancer

January 31, 2012 8:54 am | News | Comments

Using a liquid laser, University of Michigan researchers have developed a better way to detect the slight genetic mutations that might predispose a person to a particular type of cancer or other diseases. The work could advance understanding of the genetic basis of diseases.

Galactic magnetic field in lab bolsters astrophysical theory

January 25, 2012 9:31 am | News | Comments

Why is the universe magnetized? It's a question scientists have been asking for decades. Now, an international team of researchers including a University of Michigan professor have demonstrated that it could have happened spontaneously, as the prevailing theory suggests.

Computer model predicts cholera outbreaks up to 11 months in advance

January 23, 2012 11:21 am | News | Comments

A new University of Michigan computer model of disease transmission in space and time can predict cholera outbreaks in Bangladesh up to 11 months in advance, providing an early warning system that could help public health officials there.

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Gaseous ring around young star raises questions

January 20, 2012 3:23 am | News | Comments

Astronomers have detected a mysterious ring of carbon monoxide gas around the young star V1052 Cen, which is about 700 light years away in the southern constellation Centaurus. The ring is part of the star's planet-forming disk, and it's as far from V1052 Cen as Earth is from the sun. Discovered with the European Southern Observatory's Very Large Telescope, its edges are uniquely crisp.

Fuel economy of new vehicles slipped in December

January 16, 2012 8:06 am | News | Comments

After two months of increases, the average fuel economy of all new vehicles sold in the United States fell by a half mile per gallon last month, say researchers at the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute.

Flipping an egg carton of light traps giant atoms

January 3, 2012 3:57 am | News | Comments

In an egg carton of laser light, University of Michigan physicists can trap giant Rydberg atoms with up to 90% efficiency, an achievement that could advance quantum computing and terahertz imaging, among other applications.

'Fingerprinting' method tracks mercury emissions from coal-fired power plant

December 15, 2011 5:28 am | News | Comments

For the first time, the chemical 'fingerprints' of the element mercury have been used by University of Michigan researchers to directly link environmental pollution to a specific coal-burning power plant. This technique provides a tool that will enable researchers to identify specific sources of mercury pollution and determine how much of it is being deposited locally.

Fuel economy of new vehicles continues to rise

December 6, 2011 8:40 am | News | Comments

Average fuel economy of all new vehicles sold in the United States is up for the second straight month, say researchers at the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute. Average fuel economy of cars, light trucks, minivans, and SUVs purchased in November was 22.7 mpg, up from 22.6 mpg in October and up from 22.1 mpg in both August and September.

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A smarter way to make ultraviolet light beams

November 29, 2011 8:52 am | News | Comments

Existing coherent ultraviolet light sources are power hungry, bulky, and expensive. University of Michigan researchers have found a better way to build compact ultraviolet sources with low power consumption that could improve information storage, microscopy, and chemical analysis.

Carbon nanotube forest camouflages 3D objects

November 21, 2011 8:29 am | News | Comments

University of Michigan researchers have capitalized on one of carbon nanotubes' unique properties—the low refractive index of low-density aligned nanotubes—to demonstrate a new application: making 3D objects appear as nothing more than a flat, black sheet.

Researchers watch a next-gen memory bit switch in real time

November 21, 2011 2:57 am | News | Comments

For the first time, engineering researchers have been able to watch in real time the nanoscale process of a ferroelectric memory bit switching between the 0 and 1 states.

Scientists harness the power of electricity in the brain

November 17, 2011 3:13 am | News | Comments

A paralyzed patient may someday be able to "think" a foot into flexing or a leg into moving, using technology that harnesses the power of electricity in the brain, and scientists at University of Michigan School of Kinesiology are now one big step closer.

University of Michigan, Duke team up to improve diabetes outcomes

November 15, 2011 6:49 am | News | Comments

Improving health outcomes and quality of life for people living with type 2 diabetes are the goals of a project between a new research center at the University of Michigan and university, health, and public officials in North Carolina.

Fuel economy up for first time since last spring

November 9, 2011 3:41 am | News | Comments

For the first time in seven months, average fuel economy of all new vehicles sold in the United States is on the rise, say researchers at the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute. Average fuel economy of cars, light trucks, minivans, and SUVs purchased in October was 22.6 mpg, up from 22.1 mpg in September.

Dwarf galaxies could help reveal the nature of dark matter

November 7, 2011 8:10 am | News | Comments

In work that could help advance astronomers' understanding of dark matter, University of Michigan researchers have discovered two additional dwarf galaxies that appear to be satellites of Andromeda, the closest spiral galaxy to Earth.

Student-built satellite to prepare NASA instrument

October 26, 2011 7:03 am | News | Comments

When the M-Cubed satellite, built by University of Michigan students, goes into orbit, it will become the first CubeSat to test a NASA instrument for major space missions. It is scheduled to be launched on October 28.

Nearby planet-forming disk holds water for thousands of oceans

October 21, 2011 3:57 am | News | Comments

For the first time, astronomers have detected around a burgeoning solar system a sprawling cloud of water vapor that’s cold enough to form comets, which could eventually deliver oceans to dry planets.

Future forests may soak up more carbon dioxide than previously believed

October 17, 2011 5:58 am | News | Comments

North American forests appear to have a greater capacity to soak up heat-trapping carbon dioxide gas than researchers had previously anticipated. As a result, they could help slow the pace of human-caused climate warming more than most scientists had thought, according to a University of Michigan ecologist and his colleagues.

America’s defending champion solar car ready to race the world

October 11, 2011 2:16 pm | News | Comments

With a cutting-edge solar car, an advanced strategy and an intrepid 16-student race crew, the University of Michigan's national champion solar car team readies for the 1,800-mile World Solar Challenge in Australia on Oct. 16.

Fuel economy of new vehicles at lowest point in past year

October 10, 2011 7:32 am | News | Comments

For the second straight month, the average fuel economy of all new vehicles sold in the United States remained the same, according to a researcher at the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute. The average fuel economy of vehicles purchased in September was 22.1 mpg, unchanged from August.

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