Supermaterials: Five reasons to embrace synthetic diamond
Five reasons to embrace synthetic diamond according to Element Six:
- Super Strength Drives Down Operating Costs & Carbon Footprint: Synthetic diamond’s molecular structure makes it the world’s most versatile supermaterial. With greater hardness than all other materials, its strength is ideal for cutters used in oil and gas drilling, where it enables longer tool lifetime by minimizing wear, reduces downtime and drives down operating costs and carbon footprints.
- Extreme Sensitivity for Use in Biomedical Sciences and More: In electroanalytical applications, including biomedical sensors, synthetic diamond sensing material provides stable electrochemical properties that enable the highest levels of sensitivity, selectivity and responsiveness. Synthetic diamond holds the potential to transform electroanalysis for industries such as pharmaceuticals, oil and gas, mining, agriculture, and biomedical sciences.
- Highest Thermal Conductivity for Optimal Heat Management: With the highest known thermal conductivity (four times higher than copper), synthetic diamond is the ideal material for thermal management applications. Considering 50% of electronic failures occur as a result of heat, the supermaterial is valuable in all types of electronic and electrical applications, including telecommunications and microelectronic devices, where the build-up of heat can destroy delicate circuitry or severely impair performance.
- World’s Widest Spectral Band for R&D, Defense and Laser Applications: Synthetic diamond has the widest spectral band of any known material—extending from ultraviolet to far infrared and the millimeter-wave microwave band. Coupled with its mechanical and thermal properties, this makes it the ideal ‘window’ material for many industrial, R&D, defense and laser applications, particularly in the production of laser optics. For instance, high-power resistant synthetic diamond optical windows are a key enabler of Laser Produced Plasma (LPP) extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography systems.
- Superior Survival Skills and Water Purification: Synthetic diamond is chemically and biologically inert and can survive in severe physical, chemical and radioactive environments that would destroy lesser materials. Its unique electrochemical properties enable the efficient oxidation of organic and inorganic compounds and Element Six investment has resulted in the successful application of a synthetic diamond-based product in industrial and household water treatment. A small electrical current passing through synthetic diamond creates Ozone, which is a powerful disinfectantand environmentally friendly alternative to bleach.
In addition to the list above, the synthetic diamond supermaterial has the highest known resistance to thermal shock, a very low coefficient of friction and can be used for ultra-precision machining of metals, polymers and optical materials. Also, the synthetic diamond has recently emerged as a candidate for a range of quantum-based applications, including: secure quantum communication, quantum computing and magnetic/electric field sensing.