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Microbes map path toward renewable energy future

November 11, 2015 9:59 am | by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory | Comments

 In the quest for renewable fuels, scientists are taking lessons from a humble bacterium that fills our oceans and covers moist surfaces the world over. While the organism captures light to make food in a process called photosynthesis, scientists have found that it simultaneously uses the energy from that captured light to produce hydrogen.


Onion-like layers help this efficient new nanoparticle glow

November 11, 2015 9:54 am | by Univ. at Buffalo | Comments

A new, onion-like nanoparticle could open new frontiers in biomaging, solar energy harvesting and light-based security techniques. The particle's innovation lies in its layers: a coating of organic dye, a neodymium-containing shell, and a core that incorporates ytterbium and thulium.


Bullet holes and graphene caves: picturing engineering

November 11, 2015 9:49 am | by Univ. of Cambridge | Comments

From a Cambridge guide for robot tourists, to titanium ‘comets’, the winners of the annual Department of Engineering photo competition highlight the variety and beauty of engineering.


Breakthrough in superconducting materials opens new path to fusion

November 11, 2015 9:44 am | by American Physical Society | Comments

In fusion reactor designs, superconductors (which suffer no resistive power loss) are used to generate the magnetic fields that confine the 100 million degree C plasma. Now, the emergence of high-temperature superconductors that can also operate at high magnetic fields opens a new, lower-cost path to fusion energy.


A New Method for Defining Planets

November 11, 2015 9:13 am | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Comments

Univ. of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) professor Jean-Luc Margot recently presented a simple test that will separate planets from other bodies, such as dwarf and minor planets.


A “Two-Speed” Mode for Venom Evolution

November 11, 2015 9:09 am | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Comments

Researchers Kartik Sunagar and Yehu Moran describe the evolution of venom in animals as a “chemical arms race.” Venom and venom resistance evolve to exert reciprocal selection pressures on one another. A constant battle is waged between predator and prey.


Computer Measures Coral Reef Beauty

November 11, 2015 8:57 am | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Comments

Beauty is in the eye of the beholder. Or is it? Researchers from San Diego State Univ., the Getty Research Institute and the Scripps Institution of Oceanography created a computational method to assess the aesthetic value of coral reefs.


Going back in time to locate short circuits in power grids

November 10, 2015 2:29 pm | by Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Laussane | Comments

EPFL researchers have come up with a method to determine the exact location of short circuits in a power grid. This is an important step towards operating complex power grid topologies that enable the massive integration of renewable energy resources.


Mysterious electric car startup to build $1 billion factory

November 10, 2015 2:23 pm | by Justin Pritchard, Associated Press | Comments

The luxury electric car market may be small, but it's lucrative enough to get another jolt - this time from a mysterious startup that says it wants to re-imagine how people interact with their autos.


Invention of forge-proof ID to revolutionize security

November 10, 2015 2:18 pm | by Lancaster Univ. | Comments

The technology, which is being patented at Lancaster University and commercialized through the spin-out company Quantum Base, uses next-generation nanomaterials to enable the unique identification of any product with guaranteed security.


New national park marks development of nuclear bomb

November 10, 2015 2:10 pm | by Matthew Daly, Associated Press | Comments

On Tuesday, at a ceremony near the White House, in a federal building where clandestine plans for the bomb were developed, Interior Secretary Sally Jewell and Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz formally established the Manhattan Project National Historical Park.


New Device Quickly Detects Gluten in Your Food

November 10, 2015 2:00 pm | by Ryan Bushey, Associate Editor | Comments

A new portable sensor called Nima can help food allergy sufferers find traces of gluten in their food in two minutes.


Japan its own enemy in push to improve cybersecurity

November 10, 2015 12:31 pm | by Gerry Shih, Associated Press | Comments

Apart from rogue hackers, criminal organizations or even state-backed cyberwarfare units, Japan's businesses and government agencies are facing a unique cybersecurity foe: themselves.


Clay makes better high-temp batteries

November 10, 2015 12:27 pm | by Mike Williams, Rice Univ. | Comments

A unique combination of materials developed at Rice University, including a clay-based electrolyte, may solve a problem for rechargeable lithium-ion batteries destined for harsh environments.


Ericsson, Cisco in partnership to create networks

November 10, 2015 12:19 pm | by The Associated Press | Comments

The world's biggest networks provider, Ericsson, has announced a strategic partnership with another industry leader, Cisco, to create "networks of the future."



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