K computer tops SC11’s HPC challenge
RIKEN, the University of Tsukuba, and Fujitsu Limited recently received top ranking in all four benchmarks for the performance results of the "K computer" at the 2011 HPC Challenge Awards. The awards were announced this week SC11, the International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis taking place in Seattle, USA. The first-place rankings in the HPC Challenge Awards were received in the following four benchmarks used for evaluating the all-around performance of a supercomputer: 1) Global HPL; 2) Global RandomAccess; 3) EP STREAM (Triad) per system; and 4) Global FFT.
According to the K computer’s developers, the HPC Challenge Awards demonstrate that, in addition to achieving successive top-place rankings on the June and November 2011 editions of the TOP500 list measuring LINPACK computational speed, the K computer is evaluated very highly in all-around performance as a general-purpose supercomputer. The K computer is currently under joint development by RIKEN and Fujitsu, whic have been working together to develop the computer with the aim of beginning shared use by November 2012 as a part of the High-Performance Computing Infrastructure (HPCI) initiative led by Japan's Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT).
The HPC Challenge benchmarks are benchmark programs designed to evaluate the overall performance of supercomputers in terms of processing performance in 28 tests derived from frequently-used computational patterns in the field of scientific computation. Among these, the four challenging benchmarks are: 1) Global HPL (operating speed in solving large-scale simultaneous linear equations); 2) Global RandomAccess (random memory access performance in parallel processing); 3) EP STREAM (Triad) per system (memory access speed under multiple loads); and 4) Global FFT (total performance of Fast Fourier Transform). The HPC Challenge Class 1 Awards are awarded to the top-ranked performance on each of these four benchmarks.
The University of Tsukuba contributed extensively to increasing the computational speed for the Global FFT benchmark. As a result, the performance results of the K computer were submitted to the Class 1 award category.
The top three rankings achieved on the four benchmarks for the HPC Challenge Class 1 Awards for 2011 are as follows:
|1st place||2,118||K computer||RIKEN|
|1st runner up||1,533||Cray XT5||ORNL|
|2nd runner up||736||Cray XT5||UTK|
|1st place||121||K computer||RIKEN|
|1st runner up||117||IBM BG/P||LLNL|
|2nd runner up||103||IBM BG/P||ANL|
|EP STREAM (Triad) per system||Performance
|1st place||812||K computer||RIKEN|
|1st runner up||398||Cray XT5||ORNL|
|2nd runner up||267||IBM BG/P||LLNL|
|1st place||34.7||K computer||RIKEN|
|1st runner up||11.9||NEC SX-9||JAMSTEC|
|2nd runner up||10.7||Cray XT5||ORNL|
The HPC Challenge Class 1 Awards evaluate the performance of supercomputers from four different angles, and the K computer delivers world-class performance on all four benchmarks.
With the understanding that its use would be widely shared by researchers and engineers inside and outside RIKEN from the very start, the development of the K computer has proceeded with the aim of creating a supercomputer that combines superior computational performance with the versatility that enables it to run applications for a wide range of fields. The HPC Challenge results demonstrate the versatility of the K computer and the all-around high performance levels it delivers as a supercomputer.