Particulate Filter Relies on RF
2014 R&D 100 Winner
Jointly developed by Filter Sensing Technologies Inc., Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the RF-DPF Diesel Particulate Filter Sensor is a radio frequency (RF)-based sensor and control system used to measure the amount, type and distribution of contaminants on ceramic diesel particulate filters (DPFs). The RF-DPF is designed to deliver reduced engine fuel consumption, decreased maintenance costs and extended life for DPFs, which are expensive and required on all new diesel vehicles to meet strict emissions regulations.
The RF-DPF uses RF signals to provide a direct measure of the diesel particulate filter loading state. The system consists of one or two small probes or antennas mounted in the DPF housing. The probe(s) are connected to the RF sensor control unit, and consist of small stainless steel rod or stub antennas used to transmit and receive the RF signals.
The system is designed to operate with either a signal antenna (reflection mode) or dual antenna (transmission mode). The control unit contains low-cost circuit chips. Instead of using the wireless signal to transmit data, the wireless signal is used to conduct the measurements. The wireless signal propagates through the ceramic filter, but is fully contained in the metal filter housing. Soot, which is primarily composed of black carbon, strongly absorbs the RF signal. The decrease in signal strength can readily be correlated to the amount of soot accumulated on the filter.
Diesel particulate filter
|Oak Ridge National Laboratory's RF-DPF Diesel Particulate Filter Sensor development team (l-r): Vitaly Prikhodko, John Storey and James Parks II.|
|Alexander Sappok, Filter Sensing Technologies Inc.||Leslie Bromberg, Massachusetts Institute of Technology|
The RF-DPF Diesel Particulate Filter Sensor Development Team
Leslie Bromberg, Principal Developer, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Alexander Sappok, Principal Developer, Filter Sensing Technologies Inc.
James E. Parks II, Principal Developer, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Vitaly Prikhodko, Principal Developer, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
John M.E. Storey, Principal Developer, Oak Ridge National Labroatory