As early as the 1950s, researchers were looking at algae for methane gas production. The algae was grown on rooftops of Massachusetts Institute Technology (MIT). Drawings and illustrations of open pond raceways on the roof of Harvard Univ. were also recovered from the 1950s. The reason for this research was algae naturally make oil, and this intrigued researchers as a feedstock for biodiesel.
Caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis, the plague caused some major pandemics in...
High-purity water is key to the success of analyses performed using (ultra) high-performance...
Sea turtles are majestic creatures. Gliding through ocean waters, they beat their flippers like birds beat their wings. Seven species of the creature populate the planet today; some growing to lengths of 63 in. According to the Univ. of Miami, the oldest fossils of turtles date back 215 million years.
Here’s a sobering statistic: The typical American spends about 21 hrs/day in a sedentary position. Though some may credit their sedentary lifestyles to office-style work, life outside the office is characterized by leisure-time inactivity—from watching television to browsing the Internet.
Dated between 5.3 and 2.6 million years ago, the Pliocene Epoch was a time when several bipedal ancestors of humans coexisted in Africa. As human ancestors descended to the land from the trees, an expansion in diet occurred. No longer was the diet limited to trees and shrubs. In open-country, hominins could indulge in grasses, roots, sedges, cacti and succulents.
Every Wednesday, R&D Magazine will feature a R&D 100 Flashback, chosen from our R&D 100 Awards archive of winners. This week’s flashback is Dow Coating Materials’ EVOQUE Pre-Composite Polymer Technology, which won the R&D 100 Award in 2013. Titanium dioxide has a substantial impact on the hiding performance of paint, which often leads to heavy usage during product formulation.
Tree rings reveal more than age. They provide glimpses into past growing conditions, and can reveal how climate conditions in a locale have shifted over centuries. Researchers from the Univ. of Arizona, in a study published in Nature Climate Change, used the tree ring science dendrochronology and found snowpack in the Sierra Nevada’s reached its lowest point in 2015 compared to the previous five centuries.
Citing the “reckless hostile policy” towards the country, North Korea announced Tuesday its readiness to use nuclear weapons “at any time” against the U.S. and other outside hostile forces. The announcement came via the state-run Korean Central News Agency.
Today, a NASA astronaut and a Russian cosmonaut celebrate a halfway point. Since March 27, 2015, Scott Kelly and Mikhail Kornienko haven’t felt the Earth’s breeze kiss their faces. They’ve seen their blue planet in ways many can only fathom through pictures. But they’re away from the planet’s actions, tethered to it by orbit.
Move aside Yellowstone, the world’s longest continental volcano chain—stretching 2,000 km across—has been discovered in Australia. Stretching from north-to-south across the continent, the Cosgrove track begins near Townsville in the north and ends near Melbourne.
Purple and fluorescent, the orbs flicker and move like cars on a dampened green highway. Stan Burgess, of the Univ. of Leeds’ School of Molecular and Cellular Biology, likened the view to one of an airplane flying over a city. Car headlights are visible, but none of the automobile’s discerning characteristics can be gleaned from the vantage point.
What are the leading causes of death? Would you believe it if someone said the only thing standing between yourself and your health is you? A new study led by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) delving into the global causes of death has found human behavior—from diet to smoking and alcohol habits—is most influential when it comes to risk of death in the U.S.
The R&D Index: Market Pulse for the week ending September 11, 2015, closed at 1505.54 for the 25 companies in the R&D Index. The R&D Index was up 2.19% (or more than 32 basis points) over the previous week (ending September 4, 2015).
Astronomers from the Univ. of Leeds glimpsed into the “amniotic sac” of a star 325 light-years away, gaining an unexpected insight into the formation of the fledgling solar system. In an artist’s rendering of the stellar activity surrounding star HD 100546, the nucleus is a storm blue surrounded by a beige haze.
Your Facebook likes allow computer models to judge your personality better than your coworkers, friends and family, according to study published in Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences. People leave digital footprints daily: from browsing history and online purchases to GPS locations and social media accounts.
Color blindness affects approximately one in 12 men, and one in 200 women in the world. There are several different types color blindness, and usually the condition is genetic. While the physical causes of color blindness are still being researched, faulty cones are believed to be primarily responsible for the condition, according to Colour Blind Awareness.
Though smartphones continue on an advancing trajectory in terms of capabilities, it seems the battery department is lagging when it comes to extending life. With a smartphone user having an average 30 apps on their device, it shouldn’t be surprising the apps connecting one to social media, video games and music, among other things, are responsible for a hefty brunt of the drainage.