Subscribe to R&D Magazine Articles

The Lead

A Carbon-Neutral Fuel Alternative

October 1, 2015 | by Lindsay Hock, Editor | Comments

As early as the 1950s, researchers were looking at algae for methane gas production. The algae was grown on rooftops of Massachusetts Institute Technology (MIT). Drawings and illustrations of open pond raceways on the roof of Harvard Univ. were also recovered from the 1950s. The reason for this research was algae naturally make oil, and this intrigued researchers as a feedstock for biodiesel.

View Sample

FREE Email Newsletter

R&D Daily

Five Reasons Why R&D Labs Should Use Industrial CT Scanning

September 29, 2015 9:30 am | by Visent Avxhi, Business Unit Manager, 3D ProScan | Comments

Here are the five major reasons why R&D laboratories should use industrial CT scanning: whole part analysis in 1 hr, faster validations, non-destructive analysis, no fixtures required and free viewing software.


During the Polar Night, Species Continue to Thrive

September 28, 2015 4:44 pm | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Comments

Hyperborean inhabitants of the Arctic don’t just slumber when polar night casts its dark veil over the Arctic Ocean. Observing biological activity over three consecutive winters, scientists discovered life, from copepods and zooplankton to fish and seabirds, carried on even when shrouded by periods of 24-hr darkness.


NASA Finds Liquid Water on Slopes of Mars

September 28, 2015 2:30 pm | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Comments

Finger-like streaks of darkness lining the red slopes of Mars point to the presence of liquid water on the planet. Monday morning, NASA held a press conference to announce the findings of hydrated salts within recurring slope lineae (RSL), and reviewed some of the research published today in Nature Geoscience.


Protecting Cell Shape in Space

September 28, 2015 12:30 pm | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Comments

“Eat right and exercise often,” the mantra of a healthy lifestyle. But according to NASA, the shape of individual cells may be just as important as the shape of the body. Aboard the International Space Station, and on the ground, scientists investigated how microgravity affects cell function, and a cell’s cytoskeleton.


Some Ants Make for Lazy Roommates

September 28, 2015 10:25 am | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Comments

Miniscule, yet plentiful, insects might be the antithesis of mammals. However different in appearance, social insects, such as ants, echo the complex societies of humans. Or perhaps, humans echo them. In some respects, insects appear to surpass humans, in terms of working towards a common goal.


The R&D Index Market Pulse, September 28, 2015: Biotech Selloff and VW Cheats Threaten R&D Spending

September 28, 2015 9:25 am | by Tim Studt | Comments

The R&D Index: Market Pulse for the week ending September 25, 2015, closed at 1470.15 for the 25 companies in the R&D Index. The R&D Index was down 2.35% (or more than 35 basis points) over the previous week (ending September 18, 2015). This R&D Index value is now at its lowest level for 2015.


Behemoth Lizards Walked with Early Humans in Australia

September 25, 2015 7:30 pm | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Comments

Scientific evidence dates human presence in Australia around 50,000 years ago. However, Univ. of Queensland scientists found these humans may’ve been sharing the continent with giant lizards.


Gaps in Fracking Knowledge Could Hinder Sustainable Future

September 25, 2015 3:30 pm | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Comments

Though applied since the 1940s, hydraulic fracturing boomed in the 1990s, according to The Geological Society of America. New technology allowed the practice to be applied to horizontal wells for extracting shale gas. Unprecedented growth followed. According to a 2014 report by FracTracker Alliance, over 1.1 million active oil and gas wells exist in the U.S.


Iceland Volcano Exceeds European Industry in Toxic Gas Emissions

September 25, 2015 1:30 pm | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Comments

In August 2014, a fissure eruption, fueled by Iceland’s Bárðarbunga-Veiðivötn volcanic system, released a river of lava and plumes of sulfur dioxide gas. By January 2015, the Holuhraun lava field was larger than the island of Manhattan. The eruption was declared finished by the Icelandic Meteorological Office on Feb. 28, following a flight over the lava field.


A Bloody Gargantuan: Sunday’s Supermoon Lunar Eclipse

September 25, 2015 11:30 am | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Comments

It’s an event that’s occurred only five times since 1900. But if you look upwards at the night sky on Sept. 27, you’ll catch a gargantuan moon tinted red. “There’s no physical difference in the moon,” said Noah Petro, a deputy project scientist for NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, of the supermoon lunar eclipse. “It just appears slightly bigger in the sky.”


Production Process May Yield Self-Healing Tires

September 25, 2015 8:38 am | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Comments

In the winter of 1839, Charles Goodyear was already experimenting with rubber. He was enamored with the substance, saying “There is probably no other inert substance which so excites the mind.” As the Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company, which neither Goodyear or his family were associated with, tells it, the inventor was displaying his latest gum-and-sulfur formula.


Smiling Robot Helps Shed Light on Infant Behaviors

September 24, 2015 7:00 pm | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Comments

It’s like the toddler version of the android in Alex Garland’s 2015 film “Ex Machina.” An uncanny human face is placed on a small robot’s head. Its other anthropomorphic features glint metallic and blue. In a video, the robot toddler flails its arms, a smile plastered on its face. After a few seconds, the smile drops to a flat horizontal.


Carbon-Carrying Phytoplankton Population on Decline

September 24, 2015 12:16 pm | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Comments

Observed from satellites, large groups of diatoms, a phytoplankton algae, form clouds of turquoise and green against the ocean’s cobalt. Living in both freshwater and marine ecosystems, these miniscule organisms are responsible for an estimated 20 to 25% of carbon dioxide transference from the atmosphere to the ocean, according to the Univ. of California Museum of Paleontology. 


Linking Two Brains for a Game

September 24, 2015 10:29 am | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Comments

What if you knew what someone was saying without them opening their mouth? Located in different buildings on the Univ. of Washington’s campus, approximately one mile apart, two human test subjects sat in front screens. Over the Internet, they played a game akin to 20 questions, but no oral communication was involved. Instead, the inquirer selected questions from the screen.


9,000-Year-Old Evidence of Decapitation Found in Brazil

September 23, 2015 4:13 pm | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Comments

It’s an eerie archaeological find, a human skull with amputated hands resting over the face. In July 2007, archaeologists working at Lapa do Santo, an archaeological site in east-central Brazil, exhumed bone fragments from a ritualized decapitation dating back 9,000 years.



You may login with either your assigned username or your e-mail address.
The password field is case sensitive.