As early as the 1950s, researchers were looking at algae for methane gas production. The algae was grown on rooftops of Massachusetts Institute Technology (MIT). Drawings and illustrations of open pond raceways on the roof of Harvard Univ. were also recovered from the 1950s. The reason for this research was algae naturally make oil, and this intrigued researchers as a feedstock for biodiesel.
Caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis, the plague caused some major pandemics in...
High-purity water is key to the success of analyses performed using (ultra) high-performance...
Located 2,430 m above sea level, where the Peruvian Andes meet the Amazon Basin, Machu Picchu is located on a picturesque ridge, and holds mysteries of an ancient past. Approximately 200 stone terraces populate the green mountaintop. Built in the 15th century by the Incas, and abandoned when the empire was toppled by Spaniards, the structure remained hidden from the world until explorer Hiram Bingham’s 1911 expedition.
Miniature satellites, weighing a miniscule 5 lbs, are being prepped by NASA to test the efficacy of space-to-Earth laser communication. Launching Oct. 8 aboard the Atlas rocket in California, the first satellite from NASA’s Optical Communications and Sensor Demonstration (OCSD) mission will attempt to precisely position itself while transferring data via laser to the ground.
The whorls and ridges unique to your fingerprint may reveal more than just identity. Research from North Carolina State Univ. indicates these unique stamps may give clues to your ancestral background.
When working with valuable cell cultures, contaminating microorganisms, especially mycoplasma species, can be detrimental to the accuracy of resulting data, while introducing a potential hazard to laboratory personnel. Fortunately, the biological safety cabinet (BSC) provides a ventilated sterile work environment in which to safely handle biological samples, protecting both the cultures and users from hazardous particles.
Earlier this year, researchers David M. Martill, Helmut Tischlinger and Nicholas R. Longrich published a paper on a four-legged snake fossil dating from the early Cretaceous period. Found in Brazil’s Crato Formation, Tetrapodophis’ skeleton displayed the sinuous body found in modern day snakes, but small hinged limbs jutted from its sides.
Like the ancient Egyptians, Bronze Age Britons practiced their own form of mummification. And it may have been a wide-spread funerary practice, according to new research from the Univ. of Sheffield, Univ. of Manchester and Univ. College London.
Pick up that controller, friend, because video games may just help you improve your cognitive abilities. A new study published in Policy Insights from the Behavioral and Brain Sciences found action video games are most beneficial to cognitive abilities.
Each year, technology industry watchers anxiously await the release of Gartner’s Hype Cycle to see what’s rising, what’s falling and what’s completely fizzled when it comes to emerging technologies. Many observers specifically look for the “peak of inflated expectations” to see which technologies have hit their high point when it comes to media saturation, but still need several years before reaching their true potential.
Due to lower installed costs, improved performance and a swell to build projects before reductions in federal incentives occur, utility-scale solar energy pricing is lower than ever, according to a report from the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.
Dated between 55.8 and 33.9 million years ago, the Eocene Epoch was characterized by warm climates, tropical vegetation and the appearance of many modern mammal orders. According to Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, palm trees flourished as far north as Alaska and Spitsbergen Island in the north Atlantic. Crocodilians lived in the Arctic Circle. As time wore on, the climate cooled.
You may want to opt for a different coffee-carrying receptacle. According to the Environmental Protection Agency, Americans discard 25 billion Styrofoam coffee cups per year. What’s more, the coffee cup used today will still be present in a landfill 500 years from now. However, the solution to ridding the environment of these persisting materials may lie in a creepy-crawly.
Earth’s magnetic field is vital for life. It deflects solar wind and protects the planet’s atmosphere, according to European Space Agency. The field is generated in Earth’s core and emanates outwards. Using computer simulations to replicate planets in the habitable zones of low-mass stars, Univ. of Washington researchers found tidally locked Earth-like planets may possess protective magnetic fields.
When European Space Agency astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti, NASA’s Terry Virts and Roscosmos commander Anton Shkaplerov returned to Earth following an extended period in space, helping hands greeted them upon exiting the landing module. Members of the ground crew carried the space travelers to a sitting area nearby the landing site.
Every Wednesday, R&D Magazine will feature a R&D 100 Flashback, chosen from our R&D 100 Awards archive of winners. This week’s flashback is Keithley Instruments’ Model 2657A High Power System SourceMeter SMU Instrument, which won the R&D 100 Award in 2013. The drive toward greater energy efficiency is creating increased demand for more efficient high-power semiconductor devices.
In the past 50 years, the western Antarctic Peninsula warmed over four times faster than the average rate of the Earth’s overall warming, according to the Antarctic and Southern Ocean Coalition. These temperature fluctuations, according to an international group of scientists, threaten species that thrive in frigid waters with negligible variation in seasonal sea temperatures.