As early as the 1950s, researchers were looking at algae for methane gas production. The algae was grown on rooftops of Massachusetts Institute Technology (MIT). Drawings and illustrations of open pond raceways on the roof of Harvard Univ. were also recovered from the 1950s. The reason for this research was algae naturally make oil, and this intrigued researchers as a feedstock for biodiesel.
Capt. Philip Renaud, the executive director of the Khaled bin Sultan Living Oceans Foundation,...
Caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis, the plague caused some major pandemics in...
It’s WALL-E’s more robust cousin, and it’s coming to deliver your goods and groceries. While Amazon, Wal-Mart and other services are focused on the skies for package delivery, Starship Technologies, formed by Skype’s co-founders, is playing the ground game.
Zipping above a mown field, the autonomous drone flies towards groupings of trees. Behind, a human-controlled drone follows. From the second drone’s camera view, the observer sees the drone headed for two thin tree trunks. But before hitting, the autonomous drone banks to the left, dodging the obstacle.
Close to 1 billion people defecate in the open, and around 2.4 billion don’t have access to proper sanitation, according to the United Nations Children’s Fund and the World Health Organization. “When it comes to creating misery and poverty, human waste management has few rivals,” said Zafar Adeel, the director of the United Nations Univ.’s Institute for Water, Environment and Health (UNU-INWEH).
Every Wednesday, R&D Magazine will feature a R&D 100 Flashback, chosen from our R&D 100 archive of winners. This week’s flashback is Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory’s DNATrax, which won the R&D 100 Award in 2013. One of the most overlooked threats to human health is poor indoor air quality.
On the International Space Station (ISS), an astronaut witnesses a sunrise and sunset every 90 min. Away from Earth’s day-night cycle, the new environment is bound to make an astronaut’s circadian clock a tad wonky. New research has found sleeping pills and skin cream are among the most common medications astronauts use on long-duration space missions.
James Coan, a psychology professor at the Univ. of Virginia, claims empathy is hardwired into the human brain. Given enough time and familiarity, you begin associating friends, spouses and lovers with yourself. A lover’s pain becomes your pain; their joy, your joy, and so forth.
A Japanese researcher has been stripped of a doctorate degree from her alma mater after becoming enmeshed in a scandal that included plagiarism and fraudulent scientific work. At the start of 2014, Haruko Obokata, who worked at the Riken Center for Developmental Biology, published two papers in Nature regarding a method of transforming ordinary body cells into something akin to embryonic stem cells.
A new NASA study found Antarctic snow accumulation over the last 10,000 years is adding enough ice to outweigh the continent’s loss of glacier ice. However, the findings don’t mean the region is safe from climate change.
An examination of 22,000 animal remains stored at the Florida Museum of Natural History has revealed clues about life for the ancient Maya middle and lower class.
Drones may deliver your mail sooner than you think—if you live down under, that is. Speaking with the Australian Financial Review, Australia Post CEO Ahmed Fahour announced the company will trial drone parcel deliveries to rural communities in 2016.
In the natural world, humans are far from being the foremost chemists. At least that’s what Catherine Drennan, a professor of biology and chemistry and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), believes.
The R&D Index: Market Pulse for the week ending October 30, 2015, closed at 1,566.18 for the 25 companies in the R&D Index. The R&D Index was down 0.12%, or slightly less than 2 basis points over the previous week (ending October 23, 2015). Overall, it was a mediocre week for the R&D Index companies with little change, up or down, among the companies' stock values.
Two NASA Hubble Fellows are proposing that spiral arm modifications in the circumstellar disks surrounding newborn stars may provide evidence of giant planets, offering a new method of planet detection. Ruobing Dong, of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, and Zhaohuan Zhu, of Princeton Univ., came to the conclusion by computer modeling how gas-and-dust disks evolve around newborn stars.
Astronaut Scott Kelly has accomplished a lot during his 51 years, much of it in non-normal environments. Nearly 2.5 years of Kelly’s life has been spent in extreme environments, either as a naval test pilot experiencing high-G’s in super-sonic military aircrafts or working on science experiments in the International Space Station (ISS)’s zero-G environment.
Scientific discovery has blossomed in recent decades due to advances in technology and analytical methods, dramatically impacting life science research and human health. Following extensive breakthroughs introduced by the Human Genome Project, scientists continue to unlock the mysteries of disease progression, expanding the application of precision medicine for more personalized, effective and proactive responses to health maintenance.