As early as the 1950s, researchers were looking at algae for methane gas production. The algae was grown on rooftops of Massachusetts Institute Technology (MIT). Drawings and illustrations of open pond raceways on the roof of Harvard Univ. were also recovered from the 1950s. The reason for this research was algae naturally make oil, and this intrigued researchers as a feedstock for biodiesel.
Capt. Philip Renaud, the executive director of the Khaled bin Sultan Living Oceans Foundation,...
Caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis, the plague caused some major pandemics in...
Up at the southwestern edge of the Aconcagua Mountain, located in Argentina, mountaineers discovered a partially unearthed mummified child in the summer of 1985. Rather than continuing excavation, the mountaineers contacted professional archeologists, who later identified the body as a seven year old male.
If you’ve worked in a laboratory, you know firsthand it can be frenetic, fast-paced and, at times, overwhelming. This is especially true today, as shrinking budgets force many laboratory managers and analysts to do more with less. But there’s a path forward, and it starts by looking at the laboratory holistically, and solving the obvious, everyday problems first.
Launched into low-Earth orbit on Nov. 20, 2004, the Swift Gamma Ray Burst Explorer is dedicated to exploring the brightest explosions in the universe since the Big Bang. Recently the spacecraft detected its thousandth gamma-ray burst (GRB), which is commonly associated with a massive star’s collapse or a black hole’s birth.
The R&D Index: Market Pulse for the week ending November 6, 2015, closed at 1,563.49 for the 25 companies in the R&D Index. The R&D Index was down 0.17% (or less than three basis points) over the previous week (ending October 30, 2015). For the past two weeks, the R&D Index is now down about 0.3% (or less than five basis points).
When it comes to the working class in the U.S., honeybees are pulling their weight. According to the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture (USDA), the flying insects contribute over $15 billion to the value of U.S. crop production. They pollinate apples, cranberries, melons and broccoli. Almonds depend entirely on honeybees for pollination, and blueberries and cherries are 90% dependent.
Smuggling contraband into prison via the body or a “friendly” guard may not be a thing of the past. However, the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP), an agency of the U.S. Dept. of Justice, is looking to curb a new method of smuggling, drones.
Gill Pratt, a former Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) professor and DARPA program manager, was like many children. After school he’d flip on the television and watch cartoons. A particular favorite of his was “Gigantor,” an American adaptation of the Japanese anime “Tetsujin 28-gō.” The show featured a little boy controlling a giant robot. After seeing the show, Pratt knew he wanted to build such a robot someday.
A glimpse through the Sagittarius Window towards the hub of the Milky Way galaxy is like peering into an overcrowded party through a keyhole. The black of space is covered by a sheen of mingling starlight, iridescent blues and reds. Using NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope, astronomers performed a “cosmic archaeological dig” on the region, and uncovered clues to the early construction of the Milky Way.
Dexterous climbers, geckos have long been a source of inspiration for materials scientists. The lizards boast a unique sticking ability, allowing them to climb walls and hang upside down.
Michael Meyer, the lead scientist for the Mars Exploration Program, summed up how Mars lost its atmosphere with a Bob Dylan quote: “The answer, my friend, is blowin’ in the wind.” Via NASA’s Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) mission, NASA scientists have discovered the Martian atmosphere is losing gas at a rate of 100 g/sec due to stripping solar winds.
It might seem surreal. A large automotive manufacturing company is found producing cars with software capable of cheating emissions tests. Then, Volkswagen admits 11 million of its diesel cars worldwide were outfitted with the device. Finally, the executive secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change says she’s “delighted” by the scandal.
It’s almost everywhere you look. When you glance at your phone, peer upwards at high-rise buildings or check your right and left before making a turn in your automobile. Glass is fairly ubiquitous. And the journey to strengthen the material just made some strides.
A giant raptor estimated around 17 ft long, making it among the largest fossilized raptor specimens in the world, was discovered in the Upper Hell Creek Formation in Harding County, South Dakota. Named Dakotaraptor steini, the specimen was recently described in Paleontological Contributions.
On March 11, 2011, a magnitude 9 earthquake struck off the coast of Japan. According to LiveScience, the quake was centered 45 miles east of Tohoku and 15 miles below the surface. A series of tsunami waves, reaching heights up to 128 ft, barreled inland and flooded approximately 217 square miles. As of Oct. 9, 2015, the confirmed death toll is 15,893, reported CNN.
The Tyrannosaurus rex was powerful enough to crush bones. The formidable carnivore’s jaw could reach lengths of 4 ft, and some of its sharp, conical teeth were 15 cm long. Scientists believe the beast gobbled up to 500 lbs of meat in a single chomp.