Big data has become a growing issue in science, as these data sets are so large and complex that traditional data processing applications are inadequate. This is especially true for the life science industry, where the growing size of data hasn’t been met with tools for analyzing and interpreting this data at the same rate, leading to what many call a “data avalanche.”
Graphene is an atomic-scale honeycomb lattice made of single layers of carbon atoms. First...
HIV has been categorized as “the most intelligent virus in centuries.” This is due to the virus...
Known as the “father of taxonomy,” 18th-century Swedish scientist Carl Linnaeus traveled throughout Sweden from 1732 to 1735 cataloging plants and animals he encountered. He devised his own system of categorization, known as binomial nomenclature.
This past summer, filmmakers captured copepods, a type of zooplankton, feeding on small pieces of plastic. Under a microscope at the U.K.’s Plymouth Marine Laboratory, the zooplankton fed on polystyrene beads between seven and 30 micrometers in diameter.
Believed to be the first artificial pigment produced, Egyptian blue was inspired by the semiprecious stone lapis lazuli. According to Marc Walton, a research associate professor of materials science and engineering at Northwestern Univ., Ancient Egyptians used the pigment on their walls and on the ceilings of tombs to replicate the night sky. The first documented appearance of the pigment was around 3200 to 3000 BC.
Researchers know about the New Caledonian crow’s ability to fashion hooked tools out of twigs and leaves, using them to harvest grubs. The areas where these grubs reside are often too narrow for the bird’s beak. Some have suggested the crow’s ability to craft tools surpasses the abilities of chimpanzees.
An amalgam of ghostly greens, blues and reds burst forth from the center of a bright white light, diamond-like in shape. The green emissions split off into opposite directions, forming two lobes shaped like butterfly wings. Inside, they house kaleidoscopic jet streams. As the lobes extend outwards into the vastness of space, the colors fade against the black.
Discovered in the 1880s in the Mediterranean Sea, the immortal jellyfish (Turritopsis dohrnii) measures about 4.5 mm across. Small as a pinky nail, its transparent body shows a glowing red stomach. Ninety tentacles wistfully float by its side in the water.
Last month, Peter Ward, a professor at the Univ. of Washington’s Dept. of Biology, and Dept. of Earth and Space Sciences, returned to Papau New Guinea’s Manus Island to see if a rare, shelled cephalopod still existed.
Every Wednesday, R&D Magazine will feature a R&D 100 Flashback, chosen from our R&D 100 archive of winners. This week’s flashback is Abbott’s Absorb, which won the R&D 100 Award in 2013. Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a condition in which the arteries that supply blood to the heart become narrowed or blocked by a buildup of plaque.
Through a technique known as pyrosequencing, Stanford Univ. researchers in 2008 found the bacteria community in the colon is made of at least 5,600 species, or strains. It was a huge moment for gut microbiota, as previous estimates put the number upwards of 500.
Rice is a staple worldwide. According to the American Phytopathological Society, hundreds of millions of people rely on the crop for sustenance. Rice blast, a disease caused by the fungal pathogen Magnaporthe oryzae, has a worldwide distribution, affecting over 80 countries.
From recreational uses to military operations, drones are becoming ubiquitous in society. Already, the technology is being applied to help monitor and protect endangered species in Africa. Researchers from Australian National Univ. and Univ. of Sydney are testing a drone designed to track small wildlife that moves through rugged and inaccessible terrain.
Discovered in a small quarry on a farm in South Africa’s Free State province, Pulanesaura eocollum is a new member of the long-necked sauropod lineage of dinosaurs. Blair McPhee, a PhD student at the Univ. of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, along with colleagues, described the new dinosaur in Scientific Reports.
In a tweet from NASA astronaut Scott Kelly, the cylindrical HTV-5 “Kounotori” cargo ship floats high above the clouds and green sprawl of Earth below. The next image posted shows the International Space Station (ISS)’s robotic arm, controlled by JAXA astronaut Kimiya Yui, grasping the ship, which carries a payload of around 4.5 metric tons, including mice, food and water, a host of devices and whiskey.
In a handful of years, cell phone ownership has proliferated in Sub-Saharan Africa. According to Pew Research Center, only 8% of Ghanaians owned a mobile phone in 2002. Today, the figure is 83%, and in Kenya the figure is 82%. Princeton and Harvard Univ. researchers have found mobile phone data can help predict seasonal disease patterns.
With the taste of tobacco masked by flavors, such as green apple and bubble gum, hookah may make it easy to forget the harsh effects of tobacco on the body. Similarly, some chemicals used to flavor e-cigarettes, while considered safe by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) due to their use in foods, are known respiratory irritants, and have led some to think danger lies in inhalation rather than digestion.