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Combating the Life Science Data Avalanche

August 10, 2015 | by Lindsay Hock, Editor | Comments

Big data has become a growing issue in science, as these data sets are so large and complex that traditional data processing applications are inadequate. This is especially true for the life science industry, where the growing size of data hasn’t been met with tools for analyzing and interpreting this data at the same rate, leading to what many call a “data avalanche.”

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R&D Daily

Human-Sized Sea Scorpion Discovered

September 2, 2015 12:43 pm | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Comments

In 2010, scientists unearthed specimens of a human-sized sea scorpion in the upper section of the Winneshiek Shale, located in the Decorah crater in northeastern Iowa. Dating back 467 million years, Pentecopterus decorahenis extends the stratigraphic range of eurypterids, aquatic arthropods, back some 10 million years than the previous 11 species discovered.

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Los Alamos National Laboratory’s KiloPower: Nuclear Energy in Space

September 2, 2015 6:00 am | by Lindsay Hock, Editor | Comments

Every Wednesday, R&D Magazine will feature a R&D 100 Flashback, chosen from our R&D 100 archive of winners. This week’s flashback is Los Alamos National Laboratory’s KiloPower, which won the R&D 100 Award in 2013. Numerous space probes have taken advantage of radioisotope thermoelectric generators powered by plutonium. However, the end of the Cold War has brought about a shortage of plutonium.

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Isolation for a Yearlong “Mission” to Mars

September 1, 2015 2:30 pm | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Comments

Surrounded by a rocky and barren landscape, the six crew members of the fourth Hawai’i Space Exploration Analog and Simulation (HI-SEAS) entered the white, solar-powered, geodesic dome, located in an abandoned quarry on the northern slope of the volcano Mauna Loa. Leaving civilization behind on Friday, Aug. 28, the crew will spend one year in isolation, replicating the conditions of long-term space travel.  

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Intelligent Manufacturing

September 1, 2015 12:30 pm | by Lindsay Hock, Editor | Comments

The marriage of modern Internet technologies such as Cloud and mobile computing, advanced analytics and ubiquitous connectivity with traditional plant systems, people, equipment and sensors is the Industrial Internet. And it’s leading to significant improvements in asset and operational performance, an uncharted territory to manufacturers.

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Chemical Analysis Finds Pigments Persist in Dino Feathers

September 1, 2015 9:52 am | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Comments

In 2010, Yale Univ. scientists for the first time, used fossilized melanosomes, melanin-containing organelles, to infer the colors of a 150-million–year-old dinosaur. According to Yale Univ., Anchiornis huxleyi, a feathered dinosaur that lived during the late Jurassic period in China, sported gray plumage, a reddish Mohawk and white feathers on its wings and legs, which ended in black tips.

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New Horizons Sets Sight on Potential Target

August 31, 2015 8:00 pm | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Comments

NASA’s New Horizons team has eyed its next potential target, a small Kuiper Belt object orbiting nearly a billion miles beyond Pluto. Known as 2014 MU69, the celestial body, scientists estimate, is under 30 miles across, but still more than 10 times lager and 1,000 times more massive than typical comets. However, it’s still 0.5 to 1% the size of Pluto.

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Lasers: On the Brink of Entering the Battlefield

August 31, 2015 6:00 pm | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Comments

The unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) whirs along its flight path. Suddenly, the tail is engulfed in flames, and the aircraft topples downwards towards the ground. It appears to be a malfunction. No visible or audible forces touched the UAV.

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Putting a Depth on Deep-Sea Fishing

August 31, 2015 4:00 pm | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Comments

The European Union (EU) fishing industry is the fourth largest in the world, providing around 6.4 million metric tons of stock each year. However, around 80% of all species in EU waters remain overfished. According to the EU, fishing depths increased by 128 m between 1950, when the average depth was 407 m, to 535 m in 2006. As fishing depths increase, so do the effects on deeper-dwelling species.

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Swans Inspire Steady Drone Cameras

August 31, 2015 2:00 pm | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Comments

During takeoff, the whooper swan runs and flaps its wings before it rises from the ground. In the air, the streamlined body bobs, but the head remains steady. Geese employ a zig-zagging maneuver called whiffling when landing. Their bodies turn upside down, but their heads remain straight, allowing the birds to make rapid descents, while keeping eyes affixed on a target.

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The R&D Index: Market Pulse – August 31, 2015

August 31, 2015 12:52 pm | by Tim Studt | Comments

The R&D Index: Market Pulse for the week ending August 28, 2015, closed at 1524.41 for the 25 companies in the R&D Index. The R&D Index was up approximately 0.86% (or nearly 13 basis points) over the previous week (ending August 21, 2015).

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Electronic Pill Reality

August 31, 2015 8:43 am | by Lindsay Hock, Editor | Comments

In today’s world, it’s an exciting time for medical technology. And making smart use of modern digital innovations is bringing revolutions in health care for the young and old. The ability to combine information and function from various devices to personalize treatment based on individual conditions presents enormous opportunity to both improve health and reduce costs.

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Plant Chemical Differentiates Female Honey Bees

August 31, 2015 7:37 am | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Comments

For the western honey bee, the swarming process begins when between 10 and 20 daughter queens develop in a colony, according to the Univ. of Florida. As the daughter queens develop from the larvae stage, the original mother queen and a portion of the hive branch out, and establish a new colony. What follows is a fight for dominance over the original hive. If the daughter queens emerge simultaneously, they fight until one remains.

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Fatty Acids in the Brain Hasten Alzheimer’s

August 28, 2015 5:30 pm | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Comments

In 1906 at the 37th Conference of South-West German Psychiatrists in Tübingen, German physician Dr. Alois Alzheimer elucidated symptoms of a disease that would later be named after him. He described the case of 51-year-old woman Auguste D., and her progressive symptoms of cognitive impairment, hallucinations and delusions.

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Fracking Chemicals and Human Development

August 28, 2015 2:30 pm | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Comments

After initially injected into a well, a portion of hydraulic fracturing fluid returns to the surface immediately, dubbed “flow-back,” and some seeps up over the well’s lifespan, called “produced water.” A combination of water, chemical additives and naturally occurring substances, the fluid is typically stored at a fracking site before treatment, recycling or disposal.

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Binary Black Hole at the Center of Closest Quasar

August 28, 2015 10:30 am | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Comments

Considered some of the brightest objects in the universe, quasars are contained within active galaxies and powered by black holes billion times the mass of the sun.

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