Big data has become a growing issue in science, as these data sets are so large and complex that traditional data processing applications are inadequate. This is especially true for the life science industry, where the growing size of data hasn’t been met with tools for analyzing and interpreting this data at the same rate, leading to what many call a “data avalanche.”
Graphene is an atomic-scale honeycomb lattice made of single layers of carbon atoms. First...
HIV has been categorized as “the most intelligent virus in centuries.” This is due to the virus...
Ancient Egyptians revered animals. After a tumultuous period, the years between 600 BC and 250 AD were defined by a resurgence of animal cults in an attempt to bolster national identity. Ancient Egyptians believed their deities had corresponding animal avatars, such as the virile bulls association with the creator god Ptah, or the sun god Ra’s association with raptors.
A recent study published in Nature Communications explored how very small changes to a gene called Pla could make diseases become vicious plagues. The research team led by Northwestern Univ. microbiologist Wyndham W. Lathem honed in on the Yersinia pestis (Y. Pestis) bacterium, a bug that can cause “fatal respiratory disease pneumonic plague,” according to the study.
Satellites, space shuttles and the International Space Station (ISS) have potentially destructive neighbors to contend with while orbiting Earth. According to NASA, more than 20,000 pieces of space debris orbiting Earth are larger than a softball. But 500,000 pieces are the size of a marble or larger. Further, millions of pieces are so small they can’t be tracked. Traveling at speeds up to 17,500 mph, the debris are a constant concern.
There are three major reasons to use industrial CT scanning to qualify cap closures. The first is assembly fit. A common request from clients who design and build cap closures is they want to know how the cap and bottle fit together assembled.
Following the passage of House Bill 1328, it is now legal for North Dakota police forces to arm drones with “non-lethal” weapons, including Tasers, pepper spray and rubber bullets.
When it comes to R&D, complexity often hinders innovation. Product development tailored to customer needs and efficient processes are the ultimate goals. Low-volume, highly specialized, complex products and cyclical, iterative processes are what R&D teams require. And these are what 3-D printing can deliver.
The cycle of life and death continues on the cosmic scale above Earth. Using the MPG/ESO 2.2-m telescope at the La Silla Observatory, located on the outskirts of Chile’s Atacama Desert, the European Southern Observatory (ESO)’s Cosmic Gems program captured a stunning image of a cosmic nursery. The anything but quiet nursery is located within the gigantic nebula Gum 56, nicknamed the Prawn Nebula.
A group of people form a huge circle. Every individual in the circle holds hands tightly. The last two people in the circle grasp a lightbulb tightly with their combined hands high up into the darkness so the rest of the circle can see. After a few seconds, the light bulb illuminates, blinking at first, but then offering a steady source of light.
A group of physicians have discovered a peptide called TP508 that may be able to prevent intestinal damage from severe radiation exposure. The study, led by researchers from the Univ. of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston (UTMB), was recently published in the journal Laboratory Investigation.
A Brazilian wasp’s venom may hold the key to fighting cancer. Polybia paulista, a social and aggressive wasp, fights against predators by producing a venom. However, the venom’s toxin, called Polybia-MP1, is a known cancer-fighting agent. Researchers from the Univ. of Leeds and São Paulo State Univ. described how the venom’s toxin kills cancer cells without harming normal cells in a paper in Biophysical Journal.
Boehringer Ingelheim announced on August 12 it would embark on another collaborative project with Circuit Therapeutics, a Menlo Park, California-based startup specializing in optogenetics. Both organizations will spend the next three years, “investigating metabolic disorders with the aim of developing novel medicines to improve the treatment of obesity and associated diseases,” according to Boehringer’s official statement.
With the U.S. seeking energy independence, as well as trying to boost its economy, renewable energy sources seem a feasible fit. From biofuels to solar and wind energy, the U.S. is diving into the technologies and processes that make these energy sources viable.
Sea sapphires, tiny ocean creatures, live up to the iridescence of their namesake stone. As they sway and swim in the water, the creatures bounce between incredible displays of blue, purple and green and near invisibility. Researchers from the Weizmann Institute of Science recently discovered the underlying mechanism of the color transformations, publishing their findings in the Journal of the American Chemical Society.
In 2010, scientists unearthed specimens of a human-sized sea scorpion in the upper section of the Winneshiek Shale, located in the Decorah crater in northeastern Iowa. Dating back 467 million years, Pentecopterus decorahenis extends the stratigraphic range of eurypterids, aquatic arthropods, back some 10 million years than the previous 11 species discovered.
Every Wednesday, R&D Magazine will feature a R&D 100 Flashback, chosen from our R&D 100 archive of winners. This week’s flashback is Los Alamos National Laboratory’s KiloPower, which won the R&D 100 Award in 2013. Numerous space probes have taken advantage of radioisotope thermoelectric generators powered by plutonium. However, the end of the Cold War has brought about a shortage of plutonium.