An insulin pill being developed by researchers at the Univ. of California, Santa Barbara may in the near future give another blood sugar management option to those who suffer from diabetes. The novel drug delivery technology may also apply to a wide spectrum of other therapies.
In certain nanomaterials, electrons are able to race through custom-built roadways just one atom wide. To achieve excellent efficiency, these 1-D paths must be paved with absolute perfection—a single errant atom can stop racing electrons in their tracks or even launch it backwards. Unfortunately, such imperfections are inevitable.
Dark matter is called "dark" for a good reason. Although they outnumber particles of regular matter by more than a factor of 10, particles of dark matter are elusive. Their existence is inferred by their gravitational influence in galaxies, but no one has ever directly observed signals from dark matter.
When the brain forms memories or learns a new task, it encodes the new information by tuning connections between neurons. Massachusetts Institute of Technology neuroscientists have discovered a novel mechanism that contributes to the strengthening of these connections, also called synapses.
As anyone who has experienced turbulence knows, its onset and departure are abrupt, and how long it lasts seems to be unpredictable. Fast flowing fluids are always turbulent, but at slower speeds the flow transitions to smooth and predictable (laminar) with intermittent patches of turbulence. In the human body, transitional turbulence can be deadly.
The 2015 R&D 100 Award Winners are listed in this table in alphabetical order by the name of the primary developer company.
Spider webs are notoriously sticky. Although they only take a second to swat down, shaking them off your hands can be an exercise in frustration. But that stubborn tackiness could come in handy when designing smart synthetic adhesives that could work even in the most humid conditions. In ACS Nano, scientists report new insight toward that goal.
A team of physicists at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory has discovered a mechanism that prevents the electrical current flowing through fusion plasma from repeatedly peaking and crashing. This behavior is known as a "sawtooth cycle" and can cause instabilities within the plasma's core.
Quantum technology holds a great deal of promise, since it can potentially solve problems much faster or transfer information more secure than current technologies. But a number of obstacles stand in the way of it being used in a practical way.
Scientists from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, in collaboration with researchers from Univ. of California campuses at Merced and Davis, have found that a specific secreted protein inhibits prostate cancer metastasis to bone. Their research appears in PLOS ONE and Microarrays.
Using large-scale computer modeling, researchers have shown the effects of confinement on macromolecules inside cells and have taken the first steps toward simulating a living cell, a capability that could allow them to ask “what-if” questions impossible to ask in real organisms.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology chemists have created a new material that combines the flexibility of polymer gels with the rigid structure provided by metal-based clusters. The new gels could be well-suited for a range of possible functions, including drug release, gas storage or water filtration, the researchers say.
Weeks away from a deadline, President Barack Obama sought to build momentum Wednesday for a potentially legacy-burnishing global climate change agreement by arguing that bold climate action will be a boon for businesses in Asia and around the world.
NASA has awarded two universities prototypes of its R5 humanoid robot for advanced research and development work, the space agency announced today.