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Computer Learns to Read Human Micro-Expressions

November 16, 2015 1:11 pm | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Comments

A suspect sits in a police interrogation room. The cops are positive their suspect is lying, but he isn’t breaking under pressure. Hope is not lost- the officers have another tool in their arsenal. Embedded in their video camera array is a micro-expression analysis system capable of picking up the slightest facial cues.


Light-driven nanosubmarines

November 16, 2015 8:09 am | by Mike Williams, Rice Univ. | Comments

Though they’re not quite ready for boarding a lá “Fantastic Voyage,” nanoscale submarines created at Rice Univ. are proving themselves seaworthy. Each of the single-molecule, 244-atom submersibles built in the Rice lab of chemist James Tour has a motor powered by ultraviolet light.


New genetic tools to dig into marine microorganisms

November 15, 2015 5:32 pm | by Frances White, PNNL | Comments

Tiny marine organisms that play key roles in global carbon and nutrient cycling will be better understood thanks to new genetic tools being developed at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory through a new grant.


Sunscreen ingredient may prevent medical implant infections

November 15, 2015 5:20 pm | by Katherine McAlpine, Univ. of Michigan | Comments

A common ingredient in sunscreen could be an effective antibacterial coating for medical implants such as pacemakers and replacement joints. Univ. of Michigan researchers found that a coating of zinc oxide nanopyramids can disrupt the growth of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, reducing the film on treated materials by over 95%.


Reprogramming biology

November 15, 2015 5:08 pm | by Anne Trafton, MIT News Office | Comments

Since arriving at Massachusetts Institute of Technology last December, James Collins’ biggest challenge has been finding time to take on all of the research projects that appeal to him.


Chemists turn bacterial molecules into potential drug molecules

November 15, 2015 4:57 pm | by Rob Enslin, Syracuse Univ. | Comments

Chemists in the Syracuse Univ. College of Arts and Sciences have figured out how to turn bacterial molecules into potential drug molecules.


Manure from millions of hogs fuels natural gas project

November 15, 2015 11:00 am | by Margaret Stafford, Associated Press | Comments

One recipe for renewable natural gas goes: Place manure from about 2 million hogs in lagoons, cover them with an impermeable material and let it bake until gas from the manure rises. Then, use special equipment to clean the gas of its impurities and ship the finished product out.


FDA approves AstraZeneca drug for advanced lung cancer

November 13, 2015 7:00 pm | by The Associated Press | Comments

The Food and Drug Administration has approved a new drug from AstraZeneca for patients with lung cancer that has spread despite earlier treatments. The daily pill, Tagrisso, is intended for patients whose tumors have a genetic mutation that affects their growth.


Streamlining mobile image processing

November 13, 2015 2:46 pm | by Larry Hardesty, MIT News Office | Comments

At the Siggraph Asia conference last week, researchers presented a system that, in experiments, reduced the bandwidth consumed by server-based image processing by as much as 98.5%, and the power consumption by as much as 85%.


Exoplanet Boasts Winds Traveling at 5,400 MPH

November 13, 2015 2:37 pm | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Comments

Beyond Earth, beyond the reaches of the solar system, an exoplanet is ravaged by winds seven times the speed of sound.


Google Releases Newest Machine Learning System to Everyone

November 13, 2015 2:33 pm | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Comments

This week Google announced the open source release of its software TensorFlow, the technology company’s second-generation machine learning system. 


Watching the Seasons Change on Saturn’s Moon

November 13, 2015 2:30 pm | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Comments

Recently, Cassini spacecraft's infrared instrument—the Composite Infrared Spectrometer—detected an even larger ice cloud deeper in Titan’s atmosphere. The gargantuan cloud floats 124 miles above the moon’s surface in the low- to mid-stratosphere, a region above the troposphere.


On the way to Multiband Solar Cells

November 13, 2015 2:00 pm | by Rachel Berkowitz, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory | Comments

When visiting California’s central valley in the summertime, it’s hard to imagine that solar energy isn’t single-handedly meeting the west coast’s energy needs. But one problem with modern solar cells is that while the solar spectrum covers a wide range of energies they can only harness light of a single energy. This means that very little of the available energy is actually captured.


Lasers could rapidly make materials hotter than the Sun

November 13, 2015 1:52 pm | by Imperial College London | Comments

Lasers could heat materials to temperatures hotter than the center of the Sun in only 20 quadrillionths of a second, according to new research.


Photons on a chip set new paths for secure communications

November 13, 2015 9:45 am | by RMIT Univ. | Comments

Researchers have helped crack the code to ultra-secure telecommunications of the future in an international research project that could also expedite the advent of quantum computing.



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