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Team refrigerates liquids with a laser for the first time

November 17, 2015 9:21 am | by Univ. of Washington | Comments

In a study to be published the week of Nov. 16 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the team used an infrared laser to cool water by about 36 degrees Fahrenheit -- a major breakthrough in the field.


Research boosts graphene revolution

November 17, 2015 9:08 am | by Univ. of Exeter | Comments

Pioneering new research could pave the way for miniaturized optical circuits and increased internet speeds, by helping accelerate the 'graphene revolution'.


Augmented Reality: Figuring Out Where the Law Fits

November 16, 2015 3:57 pm | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Comments

With recent advances in technology, AR is increasingly bleeding into human physical reality. No longer is it a whimsical fancy of science fiction. As companies continue funneling money into AR pursuits, policymakers and technologists need to work together in order to facilitate a smooth transition into an AR-laden world.


Bats use weighty wings to land upside down

November 16, 2015 2:18 pm | by Brown University | Comments

Compared to birds and insects, bats have heavy wings for their body size. Those comparatively cumbersome flappers might seem a detriment to maneuverability, but new research shows that bats' extra wing mass makes possible a quintessential bit of aerobatics: the ability to land upside down.


Rice makes light-driven nanosubmarine

November 16, 2015 2:13 pm | by Rice University | Comments

Though they're not quite ready for boarding a lá "Fantastic Voyage," nanoscale submarines created at Rice University are proving themselves seaworthy. Each of the single-molecule, 244-atom submersibles built in the Rice lab of chemist James Tour has a motor powered by ultraviolet light. With each full revolution, the motor's tail-like propeller moves the sub forward 18 nanometers.


'Shrinking bull’s-eye' algorithm speeds up complex modeling from days to hours

November 16, 2015 2:10 pm | by Jennifer Chu, MIT News Office | Comments

MIT researchers have developed a new algorithm that vastly reduces the computation of virtually any computational model. The algorithm may be thought of as a shrinking bull’s-eye that, over several runs of a model, and in combination with some relevant data points, incrementally narrows in on its target: a probability distribution of values for each unknown parameter.


Quantum computer coding in silicon now possible

November 16, 2015 2:07 pm | by University of New South Wales | Comments

A team of Australian engineers has proven -- with the highest score ever obtained -- that a quantum version of computer code can be written, and manipulated, using two quantum bits in a silicon microchip.


Computer Learns to Read Human Micro-Expressions

November 16, 2015 1:11 pm | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Comments

A suspect sits in a police interrogation room. The cops are positive their suspect is lying, but he isn’t breaking under pressure. Hope is not lost- the officers have another tool in their arsenal. Embedded in their video camera array is a micro-expression analysis system capable of picking up the slightest facial cues.


Light-driven nanosubmarines

November 16, 2015 8:09 am | by Mike Williams, Rice Univ. | Comments

Though they’re not quite ready for boarding a lá “Fantastic Voyage,” nanoscale submarines created at Rice Univ. are proving themselves seaworthy. Each of the single-molecule, 244-atom submersibles built in the Rice lab of chemist James Tour has a motor powered by ultraviolet light.


New genetic tools to dig into marine microorganisms

November 15, 2015 5:32 pm | by Frances White, PNNL | Comments

Tiny marine organisms that play key roles in global carbon and nutrient cycling will be better understood thanks to new genetic tools being developed at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory through a new grant.


Sunscreen ingredient may prevent medical implant infections

November 15, 2015 5:20 pm | by Katherine McAlpine, Univ. of Michigan | Comments

A common ingredient in sunscreen could be an effective antibacterial coating for medical implants such as pacemakers and replacement joints. Univ. of Michigan researchers found that a coating of zinc oxide nanopyramids can disrupt the growth of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, reducing the film on treated materials by over 95%.


Reprogramming biology

November 15, 2015 5:08 pm | by Anne Trafton, MIT News Office | Comments

Since arriving at Massachusetts Institute of Technology last December, James Collins’ biggest challenge has been finding time to take on all of the research projects that appeal to him.


Chemists turn bacterial molecules into potential drug molecules

November 15, 2015 4:57 pm | by Rob Enslin, Syracuse Univ. | Comments

Chemists in the Syracuse Univ. College of Arts and Sciences have figured out how to turn bacterial molecules into potential drug molecules.


Manure from millions of hogs fuels natural gas project

November 15, 2015 11:00 am | by Margaret Stafford, Associated Press | Comments

One recipe for renewable natural gas goes: Place manure from about 2 million hogs in lagoons, cover them with an impermeable material and let it bake until gas from the manure rises. Then, use special equipment to clean the gas of its impurities and ship the finished product out.


FDA approves AstraZeneca drug for advanced lung cancer

November 13, 2015 7:00 pm | by The Associated Press | Comments

The Food and Drug Administration has approved a new drug from AstraZeneca for patients with lung cancer that has spread despite earlier treatments. The daily pill, Tagrisso, is intended for patients whose tumors have a genetic mutation that affects their growth.



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