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Thermocouple probes

February 28, 2011 2:44 am | Product Releases | Comments

Omega Engineering’s M12 series thermocouple sensors include M12 connectors with thermocouple compensated pins in Type J and Type K calibrations.

Test tools for pressure applications

February 28, 2011 2:40 am | Product Releases | Comments

Palmer Wahl Instruments Inc. announced the debut of its new line of digital pressure test gauges & hydraulic and pneumatic pressure calibration pumps.

Air Force-funded researcher investigates new material grown from sugar

February 25, 2011 3:52 pm | News | Comments

Air Force Office of Scientific Research

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February 23, 2011 Grand Rounds Lecture

February 25, 2011 10:00 am | by NIH Clinical Center Radio Grand RoundsNIH Clinical Center Radio Grand Rounds | Podcasts | Comments

Why Do African-Americans Get More Kidney Disease? New Insights from Chromosome 22. Osteoporosis and Other Medical Consequences of Depression in Women. For transcripts of this and other NIH Clinical Center podcasts, visit http://www.cc.nih.gov/podcast/

Scientists say ocean currents cause microbes to filter light

February 25, 2011 6:26 am | by Denise Brehm, Civil and Environmental Engineering | News | Comments

Scientists now say that fluid flow probably a more significant effect on marine optics than previously realized. In much the same way that particles can be added to fluid to reveal current flow, researchers have studied the way phytoplankton arrange themselves at the ocean’s surface depending on current. These organisms have a substantial effect on filtered light, which in turn affects growth rates.

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Physicists develop scalable method for making graphene

February 25, 2011 6:08 am | News | Comments

A University of Pennsylvania research team was recently able to create high-quality graphene that is just a single atom thick over 95% of its area, using readily available materials and manufacturing processes that can be scaled up to industrial levels. The researchers demonstrate that single-layer-thick graphene can be reliably produced with CVD techniques at normal pressures if the metal sheets are smooth enough.

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Study shows ability of transgenic fungi to combat malaria

February 25, 2011 5:55 am | News | Comments

New findings by a Univ. of Maryland-led team of scientists indicate that a genetically engineered fungus carrying genes for a human anti-malarial antibody or a scorpion anti-malarial toxin could be a highly effective, specific and environmentally friendly tool for combating malaria, at a time when the effectiveness of current pesticides against malaria mosquitoes is declining.

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Engineered breast aims to improve nanoparticle testings

February 25, 2011 5:54 am | News | Comments

Researchers from Purdue University has reproduced portions of the female breast in a tiny slide-sized model dubbed "breast on-a-chip" that will be used to test nanoparticle-based approaches for the detection and treatment of breast cancer. The model mimics the branching mammary duct system, where most breast cancers begin.

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Dow Corning Deflexion textile hits the slopes

February 25, 2011 5:37 am | Product Releases | Comments

New back protectors from Scott Sports in Switzerland represent the first use of Dow Corning’s patent-pending textile in skiwear. The tough but flexible material has already appeared in apparel for rodeo riders, motorcycle racers, and competitive sailors. Deflexion stays flexible at temperatures down to -20 degrees C.

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Policy report looks at cybersecurity

February 25, 2011 4:30 am | News | Comments

A new article written by a fellow at Rice Univ.’s Baker Institute for Public Policy calls on the intelligence community to jointly create a policy on cybersecurity and determine the degree to which the U.S. should protect intellectual property and national infrastructure of other nations.

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New method boosts efficiency of RNA interference in shutting down genes

February 25, 2011 4:19 am | News | Comments

A research team led by scientists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) has developed a powerful method that allows them to sift through thousands of candidate hairpin-shaped RNA molecules at a time and pull out only those RNAs that potently shut down the activity of a target gene.

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Enzyme cocktail could help eliminate a step in biofuel process

February 25, 2011 4:08 am | News | Comments

Conversion of biomass to fuel requires several steps: chemical pretreatment to break up the biomass, such as with dilute sulfuric acid; detoxification to remove the toxic chemicals; then microbial fermentation to convert the soluble sugars to fuels. Virginia Tech researchers have discovered an enzyme mixture that works in the presence of the toxin-infused liquid biomass, meaning that the detoxification step is unnecessary.

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Etched quantum dots shape up as single photon emitters

February 25, 2011 4:01 am | News | Comments

Like snowflakes or fingerprints, no two quantum dots are identical. But a new etching method for shaping and positioning these semiconductor nanocrystals might change that. What's more, tests at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) confirm that etched quantum dots emit single particles of light (photons), boosting prospects for powering new types of devices for quantum communications.

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Scientists work to make personalized genomics affordable for patients

February 25, 2011 3:16 am | News | Comments

Using Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Jaguar, a team is developing a nanopore approach, which promises a drastic reduction in time and costs for DNA sequencing. Their research reveals the shape of DNA moving through a single nanopore. As the DNA passes through the pore, the sequence of nucleotides is read by a detector.

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The future of multicore: Retooling algorithms

February 25, 2011 2:45 am | by Larry Hardesty, MIT News Office | News | Comments

At its most fundamental, computer science is about the search for better algorithms. But most new algorithms are designed to run on serial computers, which process instructions one after another. Retooling them to run on parallel processors is rarely simple.

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