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R&D Daily

Lunar Colony 90% Cheaper than Originally Thought

July 22, 2015 11:45 am | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Articles | Comments

The moon may be a weigh station to Mars. A NASA-funded study recently released by NexGen Space LLC found public-private partnerships may be a feasible way to return humans to the moon in a handful of years at a cost 90% less than the previously estimated $100 billion.

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3-D model could solve supernova mystery

July 22, 2015 11:30 am | by Tom Oswald, Media Communications, Michigan State Univ. | News | Comments

Giant stars die a violent death. After a life of several million years, they collapse into themselves and then explode in what is known as a supernova. How these stars explode remains a mystery. However, recent work led by Michigan State Univ. may bring some answers to this astronomical question.

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Researchers make scalable arrays of “building blocks” for ultra-thin electronics

July 22, 2015 11:15 am | by Dawn Levy, Oak Ridge National Laboratory | News | Comments

Semiconductors, metals and insulators must be integrated to make the transistors that are the electronic building blocks of your smartphone, computer and other microchip-enabled devices. Today’s transistors are miniscule—a mere 10 nm wide—and formed from 3-D crystals.

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Experimental Alzheimer's drug shows some benefit

July 22, 2015 10:05 am | by Lauran Neergaard, AP Medical Writer, Associated Press | News | Comments

Eli Lilly & Co. is reporting that its experimental medication might slow mild Alzheimer's if people take it early enough, one of a handful of drugs in late-stage testing in the frustrating hunt for a better treatment. The new findings don't prove that Lilly's solanezumab really works; a larger study is underway that won't end until late 2016.

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2015 R&D 100 Award Finalists

July 22, 2015 9:41 am | by Lindsay Hock, Editor | Articles | Comments

The editors of R&D Magazine have announced the finalists for the 2015 R&D 100 Awards. The 2015 R&D 100 Award Finalists are listed in this news item in alphabetical order by the name of the primary developer company and separated by category. The annual R&D 100 Awards banquet, where the winners will be announced, will be held on Nov. 13, 2015, at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas, Nevada.

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A Rapid Response to Protect Rhinos

July 22, 2015 8:46 am | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Articles | Comments

Since 1960s, the black rhinoceros population has fallen by 90%. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species lists black rhinos as “critically endangered.” Today, there are almost 5,000 black rhinos and over 20,000 white rhinos, according to the World Wild Life Fund for Nature. But poaching is a constant threat to the animals. In South Africa, 122 rhinos were killed in 2009, and in 2010 the number rose to 333.

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Drawing a line between quantum and classical world

July 22, 2015 8:12 am | by Leonor Sierra, Univ. of Rochester | News | Comments

Quantum theory is one of the great achievements of 20th-century science, yet physicists have struggled to find a clear boundary between our everyday world and what Albert Einstein called the “spooky” features of the quantum world, including cats that could be both alive and dead, and photons that can communicate with each other across space instantaneously.

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Simulations lead to design of near-frictionless material

July 22, 2015 8:08 am | by Jim Collins, Argonne National Laboratory | News | Comments

Argonne National Laboratory scientists used Mira to identify and improve a new mechanism for eliminating friction, which fed into the development of a hybrid material that exhibited superlubricity at the macroscale for the first time. Argonne Leadership Computing Facility researchers helped enable the groundbreaking simulations by overcoming a performance bottleneck that doubled the speed of the team's code.

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Nanoparticles can clean up the environment

July 22, 2015 7:56 am | by Jonathan Mingle, MIT News correspondent | News | Comments

Many human-made pollutants in the environment resist degradation through natural processes, and disrupt hormonal and other systems in mammals and other animals. Removing these toxic materials with existing methods is often expensive and time-consuming. However, recent research demonstrates a novel method for using nanoparticles and ultraviolet light to quickly isolate and extract a variety of contaminants from soil and water.

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Milliken & Company and Concrete Canvas’ Concrete Canvas: Forming a Concrete Layer

July 22, 2015 7:45 am | by Lindsay Hock, Editor | Articles | Comments

Every Wednesday, R&D Magazine will feature a R&D 100 Flashback, chosen from our R&D 100 archive of winners. This week’s flashback is Concrete Canvas and Milliken & Company’s Concrete Canvas, which won in 2012. Concrete has a familiar method of application: Build a mold for mixing, add cement and water and allow to set.

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Going for Gold with Aurum

July 22, 2015 7:00 am | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Articles | Comments

As the white curtain fell, onlookers received their first glimpse of Univ. of Michigan’s 13th solar vehicle, which will compete in this October’s Bridgestone World Solar Challenge. Bright yellow and deep blue with a low body and a flat top, the car features an offset cockpit which resembles a submarine sail.

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This Is Your Grandpa’s Toyota Robot

July 21, 2015 6:30 pm | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Articles | Comments

An elderly man wakes in bed. Sunlight filters in through the window, but is obscured by the curtain. He’s approached by a white and black cylindrical robot, which sports a claw-like arm and a screen bearing an image of his son, who greets him. Via remote control, the son opens his father’s curtains and, upon his father’s request, retrieves a glass of water.

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Expanding Experimental Conditions to Synthesize Organic Molecules

July 21, 2015 1:30 pm | by Francis Van der Eycken, Mettler Toledo | Articles | Comments

Many chemists are constrained in the laboratory when exploring a wide range of experimental conditions. Due to inherent shortcomings associated with traditional equipment, the ability to discover new synthetic pathways in a timely manner is limited.

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To Measure, Not Model

July 21, 2015 12:30 pm | by Lindsay Hock, Editor | Articles | Comments

In the world of science, both estimation and measurement have their place. Estimation is characterized by speed, moderate-to-low cost and reasonable accuracy. Measurement is characterized by longer durations and moderate-to-high cost and brings benefits of more thorough analysis with largely guaranteed results.

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Spintronics just got faster

July 21, 2015 11:15 am | by EPFL | News | Comments

In a tremendous boost for spintronic technologies, EPFL scientists have shown that electrons can jump through spins much faster than previously thought. Electrons spin around atoms, but also spin around themselves, and can cross over from one spin state to another. A property which can be exploited for next-generation hard drives.

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