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Long-sought discovery fills in missing details of cell “switchboard”

July 23, 2015 11:15 am | by SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory | Videos | Comments

A biomedical breakthrough, published in Nature, reveals never-before-seen details of the human body’s cellular switchboard that regulates sensory and hormonal responses. The work is based on an x-ray laser experiment at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. The much-anticipated discovery, a decade in the making, could have broad impacts on development of more highly targeted and effective drugs with fewer side effects. 

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Improving strength and modulus in carbon fibers

July 23, 2015 10:45 am | by Rick Robinson, Georgia Institute of Technology | News | Comments

Carbon fibers are stronger and lighter than steel, and composite materials based on carbon-fiber-reinforced polymers are being used in an expanding range of aerospace, automotive and other applications. It’s widely believed, moreover, that carbon-fiber technology has the potential to produce composites at least 10 times stronger than those in use today.

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A Jagged Heart, New Mountains Discovered on Pluto

July 23, 2015 7:56 am | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Articles | Comments

NASA has discovered Pluto’s heart is home to an icy mountain range thanks to an image sent back to Earth from the agency’s New Horizons’ Long Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI). Collected by LORRI on July 14, and sent back July 20, the image was taken at a distance of 48,000 miles and shows frozen peaks, which NASA estimates are between a half and one mile high, in Pluto’s Tombaugh Region.

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New theory says dark matter acts like well-known particle

July 23, 2015 7:48 am | by Kavli Institute | News | Comments

A new theory says dark matter acts remarkably similar to subatomic particles known to science since the 1930s. We owe a lot to dark matter: It is the thing keeping galaxies, stars, our solar system and our bodies intact. Yet no one has been able to observe it, and it has often been regarded as a totally new exotic form of matter, such as a particle moving in extra dimensions of space or its quantum version, super-symmetry.

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Boosting gas mileage by turning engine heat into electricity

July 23, 2015 7:33 am | by American Chemical Society | News | Comments

Automakers are looking for ways to improve their fleets’ average fuel efficiency, and scientists may have a new way to help them. In a recent report, one team reports the development of a material that could convert engine heat that’s otherwise wasted into electrical energy to help keep a car running, and reduce the need for fuels. It could also have applications in aerospace, manufacturing and other sectors.

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New material forges the way for “stem cell factories”

July 23, 2015 7:27 am | by Lindsay Brooke, Univ. of Nottingham | News | Comments

If you experience a major heart attack the damage could cost you around five billion heart cells. Future stem cell treatments will require this number and more to ensure those cells are replaced and improve your chances of survival. Experts at The Univ. of Nottingham have discovered the first fully synthetic substrate with potential to grow billions of stem cells.

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Smarter window materials can control light, energy

July 23, 2015 7:19 am | by Sandra Zaragoza, The Univ. of Texas at Austin | News | Comments

Researchers in the Cockrell School of Engineering at The Univ. of Texas at Austin are one step closer to delivering smart windows with a new level of energy efficiency, engineering materials that allow windows to reveal light without transferring heat and, conversely, to block light while allowing heat transmission, as described in two new research papers.

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A Miracle Pill for Celiac Sufferers

July 23, 2015 7:00 am | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Articles | Comments

For those with celiac disease, drinking a beer with a hefty portion of pasta may soon be a reality. An estimated one in 133 Americans have celiac disease, a genetic autoimmune disease which prevents those effected from digesting gluten, a protein in wheat, rye and barley. The disease damages the villi of the small intestine and interferes with nutrient digestion.

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High-performance Isocratic Pumps for Tough Applications

July 22, 2015 7:32 pm | by Scientific Systems Inc. | Product Releases | Comments

The Scientific Systems, Inc. (SSI) economical MX Class Pump consists of single-headed, positive displacement piston pumps incorporating additional features for challenging applications. With pressure capability up to 5,000 psi, the MX Class can be used in both analytical and small-scale preparative HPLC separations. Further applications include demanding metering and dispensing, as well as s...

Small-area Gas Purifiers

July 22, 2015 4:24 pm | by ARM Inc. | Product Releases | Comments

ARM Inc. has released its new line of process and specialty gas purifiers, the Pro-Panel Series, for use in applications where trace gas impurities and/or particulate can cause false results or reduce yields. The Pro-Panel Series purifiers are sized for use in small areas such as analytical/medical/pharmaceutical laboratories, and small volume production of systems and components requiring low parts per billion (ppb) or better impurity levels.

Finalists Announced for the 2015 R&D 100 Awards

July 22, 2015 1:53 pm | by R&D Magazine | Articles | Comments

R&D Magazine today announced the Finalists for the 53rd annual R&D 100 Awards, which honor the 100 most innovative technologies and services of the past year. This year’s Winners will be presented with their honors at the annual black-tie awards dinner on November 13, 2015 at Caesars Palace, Las Vegas, Nevada.

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Skin Thins in Space

July 22, 2015 1:30 pm | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Articles | Comments

A funny thing happens to skin in space, it gets thinner. German scientists are studying the effects of space on astronauts’ skin using high-resolution skin imaging tomography.

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The light of fireflies for medical diagnostics

July 22, 2015 1:15 pm | by Nik Papageorgiou, EPFL | News | Comments

In biology and medicine, we often need to detect biological molecules. For example, in cancer diagnostics, doctors need quick and reliable ways of knowing if tumor cells are present in the patient's body. Although such detection methods exist, they often require a lot of time, work and money.

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New battery technologies take on lithium-ion

July 22, 2015 12:15 pm | by American Chemical Society | News | Comments

Lithium-ion batteries remain the technology-of-choice for today’s crop of electric cars, but challengers are revving up to try to upset the current order. An article in Chemical & Engineering News (C&EN) takes a look at two of the top contenders vying to erode lithium-ion’s dominance.

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Lunar Colony 90% Cheaper than Originally Thought

July 22, 2015 11:45 am | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Articles | Comments

The moon may be a weigh station to Mars. A NASA-funded study recently released by NexGen Space LLC found public-private partnerships may be a feasible way to return humans to the moon in a handful of years at a cost 90% less than the previously estimated $100 billion.

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