An insulin pill being developed by researchers at the Univ. of California, Santa Barbara may in the near future give another blood sugar management option to those who suffer from diabetes. The novel drug delivery technology may also apply to a wide spectrum of other therapies.
In certain nanomaterials, electrons are able to race through custom-built roadways just one atom wide. To achieve excellent efficiency, these 1-D paths must be paved with absolute perfection—a single errant atom can stop racing electrons in their tracks or even launch it backwards. Unfortunately, such imperfections are inevitable.
Dark matter is called "dark" for a good reason. Although they outnumber particles of regular matter by more than a factor of 10, particles of dark matter are elusive. Their existence is inferred by their gravitational influence in galaxies, but no one has ever directly observed signals from dark matter.
Using technology invented at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, doctors may one day be able to monitor patients’ vital signs by having them swallow an ingestible electronic device that measures heart rate and breathing rate from within the gastrointestinal tract.
An astronomical milestone has been reached. Australian and American scientists have captured the first-ever image of a planet still forming. The research was published in Nature. Located 450 light-years from Earth, the star LkCa 15 is surrounded by a sprawling disk of dust and gas, perfect ingredients for a developing planet.
The first annual R&D 100 Awards & Technology Conference was held at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas, Nevada, November 12-13, 2015. Industry leaders were in attendance at this thought-provoking science and technology educational program, the first of its kind for Advantage Business Media, the parent company of R&D Magazine.
For above-knee amputees, walking with a gait akin to biological limb functionality may require a number of physical therapy sessions. “Generally, the higher the amputation level, the more we can expect to see gait deviations, or what some would call limps,” according to the Amputee Coalition.
The story of the Puget Sound’s environmental health may come from a microscopic storyteller. Foraminifera are single-celled organisms found in all marine environments. The morphology of their shell-like chambers varies immensely. According to Univ. of Washington, there are two major groups of foraminifera: one that produces shells built from calcium carbonate, and another that builds its shell by compiling tiny grains of sediment.
When the brain forms memories or learns a new task, it encodes the new information by tuning connections between neurons. Massachusetts Institute of Technology neuroscientists have discovered a novel mechanism that contributes to the strengthening of these connections, also called synapses.
As anyone who has experienced turbulence knows, its onset and departure are abrupt, and how long it lasts seems to be unpredictable. Fast flowing fluids are always turbulent, but at slower speeds the flow transitions to smooth and predictable (laminar) with intermittent patches of turbulence. In the human body, transitional turbulence can be deadly.
The 2015 R&D 100 Award Winners are listed in this table in alphabetical order by the name of the primary developer company.
To say “Minecraft” has been a success is an understatement. Across gaming platforms, over 70 million copies of the game have been sold. It has inspired a variety of additional merchandise, from Lego sets and clothing to books. In 2014, Microsoft purchased the game’s creator Mojang, a development studio based in Sweden, for $2.5 billion.
Spider webs are notoriously sticky. Although they only take a second to swat down, shaking them off your hands can be an exercise in frustration. But that stubborn tackiness could come in handy when designing smart synthetic adhesives that could work even in the most humid conditions. In ACS Nano, scientists report new insight toward that goal.
The R&D Index Market Pulse, November 18, 2015: Strong U.S. Economy Drives Decision to Increase Interest RatesNovember 18, 2015 10:01 am | by Tim Studt | Articles | Comments
The R&D Index: Market Pulse for the week ending November 13, 2015, closed at 1,507.87 for the 25 companies in the R&D Index. The R&D Index was down 3.56% (or more than 55 basis points) over the previous week ending November 6, 2015. This marks the third week in a row that the R&D Index has been down.
In December 2009, the European Southern Observatory (ESO)’s UltraVISTA started surveying a large swath of sky about four times the size of the moon. The apparatus peered deep into the universe for a number of years. Using images from the survey and NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope, astronomers from the Univ. of Groningen’s Kapteyn Astronomical Institute have discovered an array of ancient galaxies, which have long escaped human scrutiny.