A study by researchers from the schools of science and medicine at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis examines the effects of carbon nanoparticles on living cells. This work is among the first to study concentrations of these tiny particles that are low enough to mimic the actual exposure of an ordinary individual.
The installed cost of solar photovoltaic (PV) power systems in the United States fell substantially in 2010 and into the first half of 2011, according to the latest edition of an annual PV cost tracking report released by the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.
Farms of 'underwater windmills' could affect how sand moves around our coastal seas, affecting beaches, sand banks, and ultimately the risk of flooding, according to Bangor University oceanographer Simon Neill. Writing in Planet Earth , Neill explains how tidal energy farms are like roadworks.
Used in Hollywood and the advertising industry to create exotic special effects, ferrofluids are seemingly magical materials that are both liquid and magnetic at once. In a study, a team from Yale University, with colleagues from the University of Georgia and Massachusetts Institute of Technology, demonstrated for the first time an approach that allows ferrofluids to be pumped by magnetic fields alone.
By heating metal to make graphene, Rice University researchers may warm the hearts of high-tech electronics manufacturers. The lab of Rice chemist James Tour published two papers that advance the science of making high-quality, bilayer graphene. They show how to grow it on a functional substrate by first having it diffuse into a layer of nickel.
Researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute developed a new method for creating a layer of gold nanoparticles that measures only billionths of a meter thick. These self-assembling gold coatings with features measuring less than 10 nm could hold important implications for nanoelectronics manufacturing.
The strength of a chemical bond between atoms is the fundamental basis for a molecule's stability and reactivity. Tuning the strength and accessibility of the bond can dramatically change a molecule's properties. New research by a team from two European universities and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory shows that attractive forces between other parts of a molecule can make a stretched bond joining two carbon atoms much more stable than expected.
Scientists at Argonne National Laboratory have patented a new, extremely stable, 4-V redox shuttle molecule that provides overcharge protection for lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries containing lithium-iron-phosphate-based cathodes across hundreds of charging cycles.
Scie-Plas Ltd.'s Scie-Plas CM250 mini orbital shaker with adjustable speed is a compact and quiet laboratory instrument. Setting the instrument's speed and time is intuitive with its digital LED display and easy programming sequence.
Carl Zeiss MicroImaging LLC's ConfoMap software is a surface imaging and analysis software for confocal microscopes and compound microscopes for topographical research. The standard ConfoMap ST package includes numerous analytical studies.
National Physical Laboratory scientists have achieved a significant breakthrough in the metrology of organic photovoltaics. The research demonstrated a new type of atomic force microscopy that can 'see' down into a working organic photovoltaic cell and relate its 3D nanoscale structure to its performance.
Lockheed Martin Corp. has received a $791 million contract from the U.S. Air Force to provide information technology services on the Global Combat Support System program, the defense contractor said Thursday.The contract runs three years, but includes four one-year options.Most of the work will...
Scientists at the University of Glasgow say they have taken their first tentative steps towards creating 'life' from inorganic chemicals potentially defining the new area of 'inorganic biology'. The team has demonstrated a new way of making inorganic-chemical-cells or iCHELLS.
Using the Hubble Space Telescope to probe the distant universe, astronomers have found supermassive black holes growing in surprisingly small galaxies. The findings suggest that central black holes formed at an early stage in galaxy evolution.
AMSilk and the Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Polymer Research have joined forces in the current development of a novel spin process for making high-performance fibers from AMSilk's spider silk proteins.