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Targeted nanoparticles show success in clinical trials

April 4, 2012 11:00 am | by Anne Trafton, MIT News Office | News | Comments

Targeted therapeutic nanoparticles that accumulate in tumors while bypassing healthy cells have shown promising results in an ongoing clinical trial, according to a new paper. The nanoparticles feature a homing molecule that allows them to specifically attach cancer cells, and are the first such target particles to enter human clinical studies.

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Novel solar reactor may enable clean fuel derived from sunlight

April 4, 2012 10:05 am | by Karen B. Roberts, University of Delaware | News | Comments

Producing hydrogen from non-fossil fuel sources is a problem that continues to elude many scientists, but University of Delaware's Erik Koepf thinks he may have discovered a solution. He has designed a novel reactor that employs highly concentrated sunlight and zinc oxide powder to produce solar hydrogen, a truly clean, sustainable fuel with zero emissions.

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Mobile technology helps explore nicotine addiction

April 4, 2012 9:42 am | by Victoria M Indivero, Penn State University | News | Comments

Some people quit smoking on the first try while others have to try to quit repeatedly. Using such mobile technology as handheld computers and smartphones, a team of researchers from Penn State University and the University of Pittsburgh is trying to find out why.

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New hypothesis may be game changer for evolutionary theory

April 4, 2012 9:10 am | by Whitney Heins, University of Tennessee, Knoxville | News | Comments

A new hypothesis posed by a University of Tennessee, Knoxville, associate professor and colleagues could be a game changer in the evolution arena. The hypothesis, dubbed the Black Queen Hypothesis after the game Hearts, suggests some species are surviving by discarding genes and depending on other species to play their hand.

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Using cell phones to detect harmful airborne substances

April 4, 2012 8:56 am | by Sean Nealon, University of California, Riverside | News | Comments

The laboratory of a University of California, Riverside professor was named on Tuesday, April 3 after Innovation Economy Corporation, a Riverside company that plans to commercialize his research focused on using mobile devices, such as cell phones, to detect harmful airborne substances in real time.

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Michigan Tech breakthrough could slash R & D time for hydrogen fuel cells

April 4, 2012 8:35 am | News | Comments

It took Thomas Edison two years and over 3,000 experiments to develop a marketable light bulb. It has taken 10 times that long and who-knows-how-many experiments to develop a system that is far more complicated: The inner workings of a reliable, marketable hydrogen fuel cell. Now a Michigan Technological University research team is nearing development of a mathematical model that will slash that R&D time and effort.

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Sensor with yoctogram resolution can measure a single proton

April 4, 2012 5:41 am | News | Comments

Nanomechanical resonators have already been used to weigh cells, biomolecules, and gas molecules, but scientists at the Catalan Institute of Nanotechnology have gone to the next level by building a resonator from a single 150-nm carbon nanotube. Using this device at 2 GHz they reported a resolution of 1.7 yg, or 1.7 x 10 -24 .

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A tough calculation

April 4, 2012 5:11 am | by Peter Dizikes, MIT News Office | News | Comments

Why don't more women enter the male-dominated profession of engineering? Some observers have speculated it may be due to the difficulties of balancing a demanding career with family life. Others have suggested that women may not rate their own technical skills highly enough. However, a recent paper, based on a four-year study of female engineering students, offers a different story.

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Algae biofuels: The wave of the future

April 4, 2012 4:49 am | News | Comments

Researchers at Virginia Bioinformatics Institute have assembled the draft genome of a marine algae sequence to aid scientists across the U. S. in a project that aims to discover the best algae species for producing biodiesel fuel.

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Online tool helps assess intellectual property awareness

April 4, 2012 4:39 am | News | Comments

A new online tool can help small companies and entrepreneurs evaluate their awareness of intellectual property (IP)—trade secrets, company data, and more—and learn how to protect it. The NIST Manufacturing Extension Partnership and the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office teamed up to create the IP Awareness Assessment, which is available at no cost to users.

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LCR Meter for Testing High-Frequency Passive Components

April 4, 2012 4:16 am | Agilent Technologies Inc. | Product Releases | Comments

Agilent Technologies Inc. has introduced the E4982A LCR meter, which delivers high performance for manufacturing passive components such as SMD inductors and EMI filters where impedance testing at frequencies of 1 MHz to 3 GHz is required.

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Plasma Diagnostics for the Researcher

April 4, 2012 4:13 am | Product Releases | Comments

Hiden Analytical mass spectrometers provide direct real-time plasma monitoring for analysis of both process-ion and process-neutral species, addressing a pressure range from 10E -3 mbar to atmosphere and featuring the Series 8 PC interface.

Study: Replacing coal the least expensive way to reduce emissions

April 3, 2012 1:22 pm | News | Comments

According to a new study using SWITCH, a highly detailed computer model of the electric power grid, University of California, Berkeley researchers have learned that goals for decarbonization of the electric power sector are most easily achieved using renewable or nuclear energy sources in lieu of coal.

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RD 100 Awards: Final Deadline is April 30

April 3, 2012 12:11 pm | Blogs | Comments

The editors of R&D Magazine  have extended the submission deadline for the 2012 R&D 100 Awards to April 30, 2012, at 11:59 pm, eastern U.S. time. This is the FINAL DEADLINE. We cannot accept entries after that time.

Nanoscale magnetic media diagnostics by rippling spin waves

April 3, 2012 12:04 pm | News | Comments

Memory devices based on magnetism are one of the core technologies of the computing industry, and engineers are working to develop new forms of magnetic memory that are faster, smaller, and more energy efficient than today's flash and SDRAM memory. They now have a new tool developed by a team from NIST, the University of Maryland Nanocenter, and the Royal Institute of Technology in Sweden.

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