Organic chemists at the University of York have made a significant advance towards establishing the origin of the carbohydrates (sugars) that form the building blocks of life. The team re-created a process which could have occurred in the prebiotic world.
Rice University physicists have gone to extremes to prove that Isaac Newton's classical laws of motion can apply in the atomic world: They've built an accurate model of part of the solar system inside a single atom of potassium.
A research team led by physicists at the University of California, Riverside has identified a property of bilayer graphene (BLG) that the researchers say is analogous to finding the Higgs boson in particle physics. The physicists report that in investigating BLG's properties they found that when the number of electrons on the BLG sheet is close to 0, the material becomes insulating.
New research has found that solar output is likely to reduce over the next 90 years but that will not substantially delay expected increases in global temperatures caused by greenhouse gases. Carried out by the University of Reading and the Met Office, the study establishes the most likely changes in the sun's activity and looks at how this could affect near-surface temperatures on Earth.
Purdue University President France A Córdova announced the launch of a new research commercialization center that will move Purdue discoveries to the marketplace more quickly, increase revenue for the university, and spur economic development in Indiana and the nation.
Until now, researchers had only been able to study two parts of the vitamin D receptor at close range. The new 3D model obtained by a team in France gives researchers key information on the 3D structure and action mechanism of the receptor, which is crucial in several areas of pharmaceutical research.
Two women who are legally blind from two different incurable conditions appeared to gain some vision after receiving an experimental treatment using embryonic stem cells. Experts caution that discussion of clinical treatment is premature at this stage.
A University of Bristol team has dissolved iron in liquid surfactant to create a soap that can be controlled by magnets. The discovery could be used to create cleaning products that can be removed after application and used in the recovery of oil spills at sea.
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new method for creating elastic conductors made of carbon nanotubes, which will contribute to large-scale production of the material for use in a new generation of elastic electronic devices.
Givaudan has turned to researchers in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) for help analyzing taste-test results. To analyze taste-test results, the CSAIL researchers are using genetic programming, in which mathematical models compete with each other to fit the available data and then cross-pollinate to produce models that are more accurate.
By using a novel technique to better understand mineral growth and dissolution, researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory are improving predictions of mineral reactions and laying the groundwork for applications ranging from keeping oil pipes clear to sequestering radium.
Newport Electronic's zSeries wireless sensor system provides Web-based monitoring of temperature, humidity, and barometric pressure in critical applications.
Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc.'s GC Column Configurator is an iPhone and iPad optimized selection tool that enables users to choose the appropriate gas chromatography column.
In first-of-their-kind experiments performed at the LINAC Coherent Light Source at Stanford University, researchers from Switzerland have demonstrated that it is possible to precisely follow how the magnetic structure of material changes. They actually found the length of time it takes for a material’s fundamental magnets to communicate and react to structural changes.
Civil engineers at Syracuse University have developed various statistical prediction models using data obtained from the Metropolitan Sewer District of Greater Cincinnati, Ohio, to generate deterioration models for wastewater pipes. The models, when adapted to a given system, is intended to facilitate a proactive approach to pipeline replacements and maintenance.