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Intelligent Manufacturing

September 1, 2015 | by Lindsay Hock, Editor | Articles | Comments

The marriage of modern Internet technologies such as Cloud and mobile computing, advanced analytics and ubiquitous connectivity with traditional plant systems, people, equipment and sensors is the Industrial Internet. And it’s leading to significant improvements in asset and operational performance, an uncharted territory to manufacturers.

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R&D Daily

Worse cyclones on the horizon

September 1, 2015 5:00 pm | by Jennifer Chu, MIT News Office | News | Comments

“Grey swan” cyclones—extremely rare tropical storms that are impossible to anticipate from the historical record alone—will become more frequent in the next century for parts of Florida, Australia and cities along the Persian Gulf, according to a study published in Nature Climate Change.

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Water heals a bioplastic

September 1, 2015 4:00 pm | by A'ndrea Elyse Messer, Penn State Univ. | Videos | Comments

A drop of water self-heals a multiphase polymer derived from the genetic code of squid ring teeth, which may someday extend the life of medical implants, fiber-optic cables and other hard to repair in place objects, according to an international team of researchers.

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Studying the outliers

September 1, 2015 3:00 pm | by Julie Cohen, Univ. of California, Santa Barbara | News | Comments

Medical research has yet to discover an Alzheimer’s treatment that effectively slows the disease’s progression, but neuroscientists at Univ. of California, Santa Barbara may have uncovered a mechanism by which onset can be delayed by as much as 10 years.

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Isolation for a Yearlong “Mission” to Mars

September 1, 2015 2:30 pm | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Articles | Comments

Surrounded by a rocky and barren landscape, the six crew members of the fourth Hawai’i Space Exploration Analog and Simulation (HI-SEAS) entered the white, solar-powered, geodesic dome, located in an abandoned quarry on the northern slope of the volcano Mauna Loa. Leaving civilization behind on Friday, Aug. 28, the crew will spend one year in isolation, replicating the conditions of long-term space travel.  

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Tiny drops of early universe “perfect” fluid

September 1, 2015 1:00 pm | by Karen McNulty Walsh, Brookhaven National Laboratory | News | Comments

The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) smashes large nuclei together at close to the speed of light to recreate the primordial soup of fundamental particles that existed in the very early universe. Experiments at RHIC have shown that this primordial soup, known as quark-gluon plasma, flows like a nearly friction free "perfect" liquid.

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Giant galaxy collision triggered “radio phoenix”

September 1, 2015 12:00 pm | by Anne Stark, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory | News | Comments

Astronomers have found evidence for a faded electron cloud “coming back to life,” much like the mythical phoenix, after two galaxy clusters collided. This “radio phoenix,” so-called because the high-energy electrons radiate primarily at radio frequencies, is found in Abell 1033. The system is located about 1.6 billion light-years from Earth.

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Possible new weapon against PTSD

September 1, 2015 11:00 am | by Anne Trafton, MIT News Office | News | Comments

About 8 million Americans suffer from nightmares and flashbacks to a traumatic event. This condition, known as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), is particularly common among soldiers who have been in combat, though it can also be triggered by physical attack or natural disaster.

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Team observes x-ray phenomenon for first time

September 1, 2015 10:14 am | by Leslie Reed, Univ. of Nebraska-Lincoln Communications | News | Comments

Using an enormous x-ray laser, Univ. of Nebraska-Lincoln physicist Matthias Fuchs and scientists from around the world beat formidable odds to observe one of the most fundamental interactions between x-rays and matter. The findings can aid future studies and may lead to novel new ways to diagnose matter in the future.

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Chemical Analysis Finds Pigments Persist in Dino Feathers

September 1, 2015 9:52 am | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Articles | Comments

In 2010, Yale Univ. scientists for the first time, used fossilized melanosomes, melanin-containing organelles, to infer the colors of a 150-million–year-old dinosaur. According to Yale Univ., Anchiornis huxleyi, a feathered dinosaur that lived during the late Jurassic period in China, sported gray plumage, a reddish Mohawk and white feathers on its wings and legs, which ended in black tips.

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Magnetic fields provide new way to communicate wirelessly

September 1, 2015 9:00 am | by Liezel Labios, Univ. of California, San Diego | News | Comments

Electrical engineers at the Univ. of California, San Diego demonstrated a new wireless communication technique that works by sending magnetic signals through the human body. The new technology could offer a lower power and more secure way to communicate information between wearable electronic devices, providing an improved alternative to existing wireless communication systems, researchers said.

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First global antineutrino emission map highlights Earth’s energy budget

September 1, 2015 8:00 am | by Univ. of Maryland | News | Comments

The neutrino and its antimatter cousin, the antineutrino, are the tiniest subatomic particles known to science. These particles are byproducts of nuclear reactions within stars, supernovae, black holes and human-made nuclear reactors. They also result from radioactive decay processes deep within the Earth, where radioactive heat and the heat left over from the planet's formation fuels plate tectonics, volcanoes and Earth's magnetic field.

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Distant planet’s interior chemistry may differ from our own

September 1, 2015 7:26 am | by Carnegie Institution | News | Comments

As astronomers continue finding new rocky planets around distant stars, high-pressure physicists are considering what the interiors of those planets might be like and how their chemistry could differ from that found on Earth. New work from a team including three Carnegie scientists demonstrates that different magnesium compounds could be abundant inside other planets as compared to Earth.

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New Horizons Sets Sight on Potential Target

August 31, 2015 8:00 pm | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Articles | Comments

NASA’s New Horizons team has eyed its next potential target, a small Kuiper Belt object orbiting nearly a billion miles beyond Pluto. Known as 2014 MU69, the celestial body, scientists estimate, is under 30 miles across, but still more than 10 times lager and 1,000 times more massive than typical comets. However, it’s still 0.5 to 1% the size of Pluto.

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Lasers: On the Brink of Entering the Battlefield

August 31, 2015 6:00 pm | by Greg Watry, Digital Reporter | Articles | Comments

The unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) whirs along its flight path. Suddenly, the tail is engulfed in flames, and the aircraft topples downwards towards the ground. It appears to be a malfunction. No visible or audible forces touched the UAV.

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New material science research may advance tech tools

August 31, 2015 4:30 pm | by Alison Satake, Louisiana State Univ. | News | Comments

Hard, complex materials with many components are used to fabricate some of today’s most advanced technology tools. However, little is still known about how the properties of these materials change under specific temperatures, magnetic fields and pressures. Researchers conducted research on materials that separate into different regions through a process called electronic phase separation, which is poorly understood.

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